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Deconstructing Hollywood

Analysis of the classical Hollywood editing style in comparison to French New Wave.
by

Gavin Knight

on 8 October 2012

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Transcript of Deconstructing Hollywood

Deconstructing
Hollywood Aimee Slater & Gavin Knight "Hollywood is a place where they'll pay you a thousand dollars for a kiss and fifty cents for your soul" (Marilyn Monroe) Please pay close attention to the trailers:

a) Casablanca (1942), USA

b) Last year in Marienbad (1961), France Humphrey Bogart 1899-1957 "The greatest male star of all time"
(American Film Institute) 1) An individual as causal agent
2) Desire
3) Goal
4) Opposition
5) Conflict
6) Resolution
7) Closure VS Classical Hollywood French New Wave Classical Hollywood Style Linear narrative
Editing techniques
Staged setting
Character development
Star System French New Wave Disorientating editing style
Location filming
Non-linear narrative
Open to interpretation
Rejection of star system A brief history of cinema... 1889: Edison & Dickson invent the kinetoscope (USA) circa 1927 circa 1954 1895: Lumiere Bros. (Fr.) first public demonstration. 1902: George Melies. (Fr.) Le voyage dans la lune 1903: Edwin S. Porter. (USA) The great train robbery 1909: William Selig establishes Californian Film Studio 1909-10: Carl Laemmle introduces 'Star System' 1927: First talking movie 1922: Introduction of sound to films The Jazz Singer (Warner Bros.) First classical Hollywood production Linear narrative
Editing techniques
Staged setting
Character development
Star System 1928: First animated film with sound Steamboat Willie (Walt Disney) 1939: First colour feature film Wizard of Oz (MGM) 1942: Casablanca (Warner Bros.) "One of USA's most beloved film" (Rotten Tomatoes) 1960s: Advent of new film technology Heralding new wave films 1961: Last year in Marienbad (Fr.) "Elegantly enigmatic & dreamlike..." (Rotten Tomatoes) Stars in their eyes... 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Good luck... You have 10mins We'll announce the winners at the end! Ingrid Bergman 1915-1982 3 Academy Awards, 2 Emmy's and a Tony Award.
"Fourth Greatest female actress of all time"
(American Film Institute) Delphine Seyrig 1932-1990 Tribute:
Créteil International Women's Film Festival Giorgio Albertazzi 1923 Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Benemeriti della cultura e dell'arte "To understand why stars have more power in the film industry then other ordinary performers, it is necessary to see that stars are not just the source of labour, but also a form of capital" (Paul MacDonald) Hollywood film industry introduced 'Star System' Highly bankable assets, such as Bergman and Bogart French New Wave rejected 'Star System' Focus on the creative innovation and freedom. Hollywood Star System The Linear & Non-Linear Narrative Linear narrative follows the development of a story from
the beginning, through the middle, to the end, in chronological order. Linear Narrative (Classical Hollywood Style) Non-Linear Narrative (French New Wave et al) A means of storytelling, but not necessarily showing events in chronological order. Revelations are left to the storyteller and the audience is left guessing. Subversion of time: Flash-backs or are they? We shall examine how both films deal with the subversion of narrative time in the form of 'flash backs' Firstly, "Casablanca" flash back scene as Rick remembers Paris. Note use of time compression. "Last year in Marienbad".
Note the progression of scene switches between the bar and the bedroom.
It is worth noting that there is nothing to indicate
whether this is a past memory or present fantasy. Examples of lighting techniques 180 degree rule Editing Narrative Star System Task 1 Introduction History Subversion of time 180 deg rule Lighting Observance of 180 degree rule means that characters remain facing one another on the 'correct' side.
This ensures that viewers are unaware of editing and accept spatial placement.
Classical Hollywood Style editing French New Wave editing Less adherence to the 180 degree rule, often
meaning that the viewer had to reconsider the position of characters and objects within the frame. frame 1 frame 2 Note the 2 characters have changed places Short film explaining 3 way lighting Lighting techniques Frontal lighting
Natural lighting
Side Lighting
Back-lighting
Underlighting
Toplighting
Three way lighting Natural 3 Way Side Conclusion Conclusion Different film making methods
Different ideologies
Different techniques
Advantages & disadvantages
Unique storytelling methods Setting Setting 1: Casablanca Studio Setting 2: Last year in Marienbad Location and Paris sound stage Character Character 1) An individual as causal agent
2) Desire
3) Goal
4) Opposition
5) Conflict
6) Resolution / Closure The End. thanks for watching!
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