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ADHD & It's Impact on Speech and Language Development

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by

Sarah Richards

on 15 November 2012

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Transcript of ADHD & It's Impact on Speech and Language Development

Heredity
Chemical Imbalance in neurotransmitters of nerve impulses
brain changes
infections/illness
substance abuse by mother during pregnancy
exposure to toxins (lead or PCB's) in early childhood
injury to brain or brain disorder

ADHD is NOT cause by a bad diet, watching too much tv, poor home life, poor schools, or food allergies.
It also cannot be prevented or cured -- That's why early intervention is so important. What Can We Do to Help These Children? What is ADHD, anyway? Social communication skills
Syntax
Semantics
Pragmatics
Meta linguistics
Auditory Processing
Metacognition

All of these things create social and educational challenges.
Some children with ADHD may also have learning disabilities that may also affect speech and language.
These children are more likely to have language processing issues rather than a simple language delay Children With ADHD May Also Have Problems With: The help of a SLP (Speech/Language Pathologist) is HUGE for these children. They can work with the teacher to help the child succeed in class by:
giving insight on where the child sits
having child repeat the directions before following them
using checklists and visual organizers to help planning and follow-through
individualized language goals
teaching communication skills in specific social settings
study skills (planning, organizing, and attention) ADHD & Its Impact on Speech and Language Development A Presentation by Sarah Richards But What about ADD? What are the Possible Causes of ADHD? A child with ADHD may have trouble with: learning from past mistakes (tucking away that knowledge)
difficulties planning and organizing
issues recalling large, complex amounts of informations
poor reading comprehension
lack of structure in story retelling tasks
deficient rule following
increased emotional reactivity. ADHD Stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) estimates that 3-5% of children have ADHD
Some other experts suggest 8-10%
Boy are three times more likely to develop ADHD than girls.
Characterized by:
Having a hard time following directions
Easy loss of focus
Easily frustrated with tasks
Constant movement
Impulsive - little thought before actions
while these traits are all common in children, they are more severe in children with ADHD. There are three categories of ADHD:
Inattention
Hyperactivity
Impulsivity

There are Three Types of AHDH:
1. Inattentive/Hyperactive/Impulsive (combined)
2. hyperactive/Impulsive
3. Inattentive ADD is an Out-of-date term that was previously used to describe children who have the "inattentive" kind of ADHD.
While these children may not act out or have problematic behavior, help is still needed. How does AHDH affect Speech and Language? How else does ADHD
affect a child? Does ADHD affect Speech and Language Production? Children with ADHD may struggle with pronunciation and articulation. This could be due to poor motor coordination.

Children with ADHD may also have a poor working vocabulary, so they may struggle to correctly name what they are looking for. [ex: "I need...that thing, that thingy on the desk.] In some children, yes! There are also medications to prescribe to children with ADHD
Psychostimulants
Adderall
Concerta
Daythana
Ritalin
Nonstimulant:
Intuniv
Kapvay
Strattera
There is a controversy in the ADHD patient and medical field to put young children on such medication. Sources: What is ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What You Need To Know (http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/guide/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd)
ADHD/ADD in Children: Symptoms, Causes, Types, Tests, and Treatments (http://www.webmd.com/add-adhd/guide/ast_oneadhd-children)
What is the Difference Between ADHD and ADD? (http://www.childmind.org/en/posts/ask-an-expert/2011-8-30-what-difference-between-add-and-adhd)
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/adhd/)
Language Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (http://www.addiss.co.uk/languagedisorders.htm)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What Does It Mean for Speech and Language? (http://stavishclan.com/2012/09/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-what-does-it-mean-for-speech-and-language.html)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (http://www.aslpmalta.org/documents/ART-ADHD-v1.0.pdf)
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