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American Energy Efficiency

America's possible future off of foreign oil
by

Kellie McLiverty

on 4 May 2011

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Transcript of American Energy Efficiency

Changing American Energy Preferences By
J. Isaac Gracieux, Jordan Styles,
Kevin Boggs, & Kellie McLiverty How to end American Dependence on Foreign Oil Libya Syria National
Average
Per Gallon Regular
$3.90 Premium
$4.11 Domestic Production of Petroleum Alternative Fuel Introduction of Petroleum Alternative
Fuel: Changing the American Energy
Infrastructure Thesis: To break America's dependence on foreign oil the automotive market needs to adopt Petroleum Alternative Fuels for gasoline Petroleum Alternative Fuels and Vehicles Domestic production of oil and petroleum alternatives will help to create American energy independence To Break America's Dependence on Foreign Oil Investment In Domestic Production The Goal: Changing the Energy
Preference Structure Tunisia Working Towards Our Energy Future The End The use of these Petroleum Alternative fuels in vehicles can lessen the need for gasoline consumption Hybrids Electric Powered Engines Diesel and Biodiesel Natural Gasoline 3 out of the 5 big oil price spikes that we have seen in the past have caused recessions. The US uses approximately 20 million barrels of oil a day 95% of the U.S. automotive market runs on gasoline powered engines The turmoil in Libya has already taken most of the country’s 1.7 million barrels per day off the market OPEC's spare production capacity stands at just 3.91 million barrels a day There is speculation that a rise in oil, ranging from prices up to $140-$150 per barrel would create global stagflation. The 40 percent spike in crude oil and gasoline has already wrecked previously upbeat forecasts for U.S. growth. At the point of oil settling at or over $80 for a year or longer there is likely to be structural inflation of 10% - 20%. A cross between a gasoline-powered car and an electric car. By pairing an electric motor with a gasoline engine,
hybrid cars provide consumers with: Improved Fuel Economy Increased Power Additional auxiliary power without producing higher emissions Longer Driving Distances What makes a Hybrid better than a conventional car? The Hybrid's gasoline engine is smaller, and more effecient Regenerative braking is used to recharge the electric engine Hybrid's use automatic engine start up and shut off Hybrids use less gasoline at lower speeds, and electricity at high speeds Hybrids use lightweight materials to improve mileage 90% methane gas containing a mixture of hydrocarbons produced from gas wells or from crude petroleum production. •Nearly 87% of U.S. natural gas used is domestically produced Exhaust emissions are generally lower than gasoline • 60-90% less smog-producing pollutants
• 30-40% less greenhouse gas emissions
Historically the price of CNG's and LNG's has been lower than gasoline CNG or compressed natural gas is natural gas that is highly compressed and stored in high-pressure storage containers. There are a limited number of CNG powered vehicles available in the U.S., however, conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles can be retrofitted for CNG. Natural gas, a fossil fuel, is one of the cleanest burning alternative fuels Electric vehicles (EVs) are propelled by an electric motor powered by battery packs or fuel cells instead of gasoline The Benefits of Electric Engines: Energy Efficiency Create Less Pollution Provides Better Performance Domestically Produced Electric Powered Vehicles Have a Promising future Technology Advances Will Improve: Driving Mileage Recharge Time Cut Battery Cost Reduce the Weight
of Materials Diesel engines are more powerful and are about 30-35% more fuel-efficient than similar-sized gasoline engines. Ultra-low sulfur diesel Cleaner Burning Reduces Particulate and Smog Forming Emissions 97% less sulfur than conventional diesel Biodiesel is fuel made from biological ingredients such as oils, algae, and animal fats instead of fossil fuels and petroleum products. Biodiesel: Is Biodegradable Creates Less Air Pollution Made of Renewable Resources Can Be Used in Any Diesel Engine Biofuels can be used in it's purest form called B100, or blended with ultra-low sulfer diesel. B2 (2% biodiesel), and B5 are the safest biodiesel levels to be used in diesel engines The most common resource for biodiesel has been used by people for years Running An Electric Car:
15,000 miles = $300 dollars a year without the use of Petroleum With the use of domestic production, all we need to break our energy dependence is to change our country's energy infrastructure Hybrid
Electric

Diesel/Biodiesel Natural Gas Electricity Farms Domestic Oil Biofuel Manufacturing Adapting Gasoline Stations Harnesting American Investment Creating New Jobs The Alternative Energy Bill 95% of the U.S. automotive market runs on gasoline powered engines (which comes from petroleum) Problems With America's Oil Dependence Each day the U.S. is responsible for 25% of world’s oil consumption, despite holding only 5% of the world’s population The U.S. consumes 18.8 million bbl/days – makes us the world’s largest petroleum consumer

Since the beginning of 2011, the U.S. has imported an average of 11,954,000 bbl/per day Resulting in the U.S. being responsible for 25% of world’s carbon emissions
Since the beginning of 2011, the U.S. has imported an average of 11,954,000 bbl/per day
From 2004 to 2008, oil price shocks and price manipulation by OPEC have cost our economy $1.9 trillion – each major shock was followed by a recession.
3 of 5 big oil price spikes that we have seen in the past have caused recessions
This proves the speculation that price shocks in oil can affect the economy
Total U.S. Utility-Scale Wind Power Capacity, 2010:
40,181 MW U.S. Wind Resource Potential, Onshore (Source: NREL):
10,400,000 MW

U.S. Wind Resource Potential, Offshore (Source: NREL):
4,150,000 MW

U.S. Wind Power Industry is expected to create
thousands of jobs Electricity Wind Farms Biofuel Energy Plants For every billion dollars spent on foreign oil, 10,000 to 25,000 American jobs are lost ! It is estimated that biodiesel will support more than 78,000 jobs by 2012. 100 million gallons of biodiesel can be produced from algae For every unit of energy needed to produce a gallon of
biodiesel 4.5 units of energy are gained Diesel Energy Symmer refinery output average:
4.36 million bbl/d Federal excise tax on diesel fuel:
6¢ higher per gallon than gasoline The U.S. currently exports:
500,000 bbl/d
Domestic Oil Production Operable number of refineries in the U.S.:
148 Total crude distillation capacity:
17.6 million barrels per calendar day

Approximately 65% of the crude oil refined
is imported Number of Interstate Pipeline Miles:
5,100 miles Charge Points Diesel/Biodiesel Pumps Natural Gas Pumps In our effort to promote progress in the development of alternative fuels we would like to propose a bill to Congress 3 of 5 big oil price spikes that we have seen in the past have caused recessions America on Oil In order to be successful and achieve our goal we must introduce these forms of Alternative fuels in to the U.S. Market The Bill
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