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Machiavellian Leaders of Today

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Caitlyn Crawford

on 14 April 2014

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Transcript of Machiavellian Leaders of Today

Machiavellian Leaders
Niccolo Machiavelli
Was a well educated aristocrat
Born in Florence, Italy
Author of The Prince

The Prince
Written in 1513 but not published until 1532
Outlined the ideal leader
Characteristics of
the Ideal Prince

Generosity and Miserliness
Of Good Fortune
Observant of the men he/she has around him/her
Important of Image
"Therefore, a prince, not being able to exercise this virtue of liberality in such a way that it is recognized, except to his cost, if he is wise he ought not to fear the reputation of being mean, for in time he will come to be more considered than if liberal, seeing that with his economy his revenues are enough, that he can defend himself against all attacks, and is able to engage in enterprises without burdening his people; thus it comes to pass that he exercises liberality towards all from whom he does not take, who are numberless, and meanness towards those to whom he does not give, who are few."
"...and the Prince has not the chance amid tumults to exercise absolute authority, because the citizens and subjects, accustomed to receiver orders from magistrates, are not of a mind to obey him amid these confusions, and there will always be in doubtful times a scarcity of men whom he can trust"
Avoids Hatred or Despise
"...I sum up by saying, that since his being loved depends upon his subjects, while his being feared depends upon himself, a wise Prince should build on what is his own, and not on what rests with others. Only as I have said, he must do his utmost to escape hatred"
"For of men it may be generally affirmed that they are...devoted to you while you are able to confer benefits upon them...but in the hour of need they turn against you"
President Barack Obama
War Wise
Aware of His/Her
Respect of the People
Machiavellian Leaders Today
"A prince ought to have no other aim or thought, not select anything else for his study, than war and its rules and discipline; for this is the sole art that belongs to him who rules"
"Men have less scruple in offending one who is beloved than one who is feared, for love is preserved by the link of obligation which, owing to the baseness of men is broken at every opportunity for their advantage; but fear preserves you by a dread of punishment which never fails"
Keeping his Word
"It is not essential, then, that a Prince should have all the good qualities which I have enumerated above, but it is MOST ESSENTIAL that he should SEEM to have them"
Previously Illinois Senator from 1997-2004

44th President of the United States

Assumed Office January 20, 2009
President Hosni Mubarak
Popular unrest forced him to resign
Former President of Egypt
following Anwar el-Sadat

President from 1981-2011
How Machiavellian are YOU?
War Wise
-Machiavelli stressed the importance of a Prince to be war wise

- He says “A prince ought to have no other aim or thought, nor select anything else for his study, than war and its rules and discipline; for this is the sole art that belongs to him who rules.” (The Prince, pg. 135)

-Today America has military involvement with at least 75 countries, with the highest claim being 120.

-Capturing and execution of Osama bin Laden
Keeping His Word
-Machiavelli stressed the importance of a Prince keeping his word or at least appearing to keep his word

- Obama made many campaign promises, for example closing of Guantanamo Bay

-Shortly after taking office he signed an executive order to shut down the detention camp but it is still open!!

-He appeared to keep his word but did not because t a later time it helped his political stance to keep it open.
Generosity and Miserliness
-Machiavelli says that while it is good to be generous, any generosity should not be presented as being generous, for that leads to greed.

- One example of this is the Affordable Care Act, passed in 2010.

- It helps make health care more affordable, and requires that people purchase healthcare.
Vladamir Vladimirovich Putin
President of Russia from 2000-2008 and against since May 7, 2012

Was previously Prime Minister from 1999-2000 and 2008-2012

Was a lieutenant officer in the KGB before retiring and joining politics
Chris Christie - Governor of NJ
Bravery and Strength
- In order to establish his position, Mubarak crushed an Islamic uprising and jailed over 2,500 members of the Islamic militant group

-Executing and sentencing most to prison showed his dominion over the country
Avoids Hatred
- Said he would not run for re-election during
the democratic reform protests, however, he resigned in February of 2011
Good Fortune
- In 2011, family was worth $70 million

- Owns properties in Los Angeles, London, and New York City
Aware of His Surroundings
- Was president during September 11 attacks

- Did not support the 2003 United States invasion
on Iraq

- Stood back knowing that if he did get Egypt involved, they would have issues with the US
War Wise
- Kept a restrictive regime in order

- Helped with negotiations on several issues with foreign policies

- Supported the peace treaty with Israel and the US efforts in the region including the Persian Gulf Crisis remaining at peace with Israel in order to keep Egypt free of the grip of Islamic extremists

- Crowds of protesters would demand end to his presidency starting in 2011 and wanted democratic reforms

Been governor of NJ since January 19, 2010
In 2001, served as United States Attorney for NJ
Lost first election when running for Assembly
Aware of His Surroundings
- called the "war on drugs" a failure

- wanted to put nonviolent drug offenders in treatment centers instead of jail

- knew that this was a national and state wide concern
Avoids Hatred
- Bridge scandal

- Supposal traffic study on the George Washington Bridge

- Avoided hate by blaming other people
George Bush Jr.
Politics runs in the family

43rd President of the United States

Presidential Term: 2001-2009
War Wise
- wanted to go to war based on unreliable information

- Convinced Americans they were after us

- wanted to stabilize their government

- Hurricane Katrina

- Response was labeled slow and ineffective

- During tour there, had a ton of photographs taken

Aware of His Surroundings
- Said he was very religious

- "God wanted me to run for president"

- Had to impress the Republican voters
Observant of the men and women around him

- Tax plan

- Promised to lower tax income for all

- Promised help to those who need it most

- Only lowered tax income for the upper class

Importance of Image
-Machiavelli stressed the importance of a Prince maintaining his image

- Putin uses this to his advantage by appearing masculine to the pubic

-He displays his masculinity by distributing photographs of him holding a weapon, a dead animal and even martial arts

- Throughout presidential terms, he has maintained an approval rating of around 65% and currently is at 67%
War Wise
-Currently ranked the 2nd strongest military in the world

-Restored pride in the Cold War era superpower's military since 2000

-Hold the largest amount of nuclear warheads in the world

-Mandates that all male citizens aged 18-27 be drafted for a year of served in the Armed Forces

-Also has vast military experience himself
Gained Respect from the People
- Gained respect from the upper class by not raising taxes

- Aimed respect from the lower class by lowering the poverty level

- Was able to lower poverty from 30% to 17%
Generosity and Miserliness
- is considered a benevolent dictator by the people of Russia

- understands that his generosity has to be on public display in order to be effective

- Staged an auction of a $1.14 million dollar painting and promised all of the money would go towards to the Russian government to aid in the repair of the economy.

- Gained support in the process

Bravery and Strength
Sarah Palin
"It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both, then it is better to be feared"
Former governor of Alaska

First Republican female to run for Vice President

Ran in the 2008 presidential election with John McCain
"The promise given was a necessity of the past: the word broken is a necessity of the present"
"Those who solely by good fortune become princes from being private citizens have little trouble in rising, but much in keeping atop; they have not any difficulties on the way up, because they fly, but they have many when they reach the summit"

- Supported the Bush Administration’s policies in Iraq

- She thinks the US should increase the defense budget to maintain a strong defense

- Doesn't want to go to war, but believes it is necessary to protect our country

"He must therefore keep his mind ready to shift as the winds and tides of Fortune turn, and , as I have already said he ought not to quite good courses if he can help it, but should know how to follow evil courses if he must"
- Saw upcoming issues and resigned as soon as she could in 2009

- The "over spending" of time and money forced her to fear issues that would put a red mark on her political record.

- Resignation was in the works for months, accelerating as it became clear that investigations were threatening her
- Job as Governor of Alaska was very stressful and underpaid

- Racked up huge legal bills in order to deal with scandal she was involved in

- In 2009, Palin planned to write a book and signed $7 million book deal, selling 2.2 million copies

- Asked by producer Mark Burnett to star in her own reality television show

- Announced that she would not run for re-election, followed by a quick resignation in July 2009

- Didn't want to be a "lame duck" politician who is ineffective and allows state to expend too much money and time on things she did not believe in

- Resigned from governor, but still continued to stay as politician

- Ran for Vice President along side John McCain

- Her bravery and strength has not let her stop what she loves doing as a politician

"But when a Prince, is with his army, and has many soldiers under his command, he must needs disregard the reproach of cruelty, to for without such a reputation in its Captain, no army can be held together or kept under any kind of control"
- Created alliances with a few Democratic leaders

- Christie is a Republican leader

- Said he was "sowing the distrust within the Democratic party
War Wise
Aware of her Surroundings
Good Fortune
Avoidant of Hatred
Bravery and Strength

How to Score Your Test

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