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Transcript of Sonnets
Poetic meter scheme
Will Shakespeare &
Roses are red
Violets are blue
Zombies are dead
And so are you!
I am Sam,
Sam I am,
Do you like green eggs and ham?
What is a sonnet?
A poem written in a specific format--generally about love
I love iambic pentameter!
penta = 5
in the iambic style
What does that mean?
Follow these steps to help you better understand them:
Joy from YOU
When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes
I all alone beweep my outcast state,
And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,
And look upon myself, and curse my fate,
Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,
Featured like him, like him with friends possessed,
Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,
With what I most enjoy contented least;
Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,
Haply I think on thee, and then my state,
Like to the lark at break of day arising
From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate;
For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings
That then I scorn to change my state with kings.
Characteristics of a sonnet:
Strict rhyme scheme
Written in iambic pentameter
Broken into four sections called quatrains.
establishes the subject
develops the theme
rounds off the theme (makes daring statement)
2 lines (couplet)
abab / cdcd / efef / gg
1st Quatrain: ABAB
2nd Quatrain: CDCD
3rd Quatrain: EFEF
4th Quatrain/Couplet: GG
In faith, I do not love thee with mine eyes,
For they in thee a thousand errors note;
But 'tis my heart that loves what they despise,
Who in despite of view is pleased to dote;
Nor are mine ears with thy tongue's tune delighted,
Nor tender feeling, to base touches prone,
Nor taste, nor smell, desire to be invited
To any sensual feast with thee alone:
But my five wits nor my five senses can
Dissuade one foolish heart from serving thee,
Who leaves unsway'd the likeness of a man,
Thy proud hearts slave and vassal wretch to be:
Only my plague thus far I count my gain,
That she that makes me sin awards me pain.
Meter is a repeated rhythm.
Each rhythmic unit of a meter is a foot.
Each metrical foot is an iamb.
Iamb is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
The lines have five beats (penta), and the beat lands on every other syllable.
The beat can be pulled back one syllable or pushed forward one syllable.
Sonnet writers tend to organize ideas in similar ways.
1. Identify the situation, problem, or question introduced at the beginning.
2. Identify the turning point, if there is one. The speaker may shift from describing the problem to solving it.
3. Determine how the situation is clarified, the problem resolved, or the question answered.