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Factory Farms

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Tara Sheets

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Factory Farms

it's not just about the animal Factory Farms Environmental Health Problems of Factory Farms Manure Factory farms affect both the U.S. and Canada More Environmental and Public Health Concerns Solutions BY: Stacy Kramer and Tara Sheets Factory farms dominate U.S. food production, maximizing profits at the expense of the environment, our communities, animal welfare, and even our health. The shift from small
farms to factories Where are factory farms? The Result: 2% of livestock farms now raise 40% of all animals in the US. (http://www.gracelinks.org/859/industrial-livestock-production)
3 companies control 80% of the cattle market (http://www.libraryindex.com/pages/2170/Farm-Animals-FACTORY-FARMING.html)
35 million cattle, 100 million hogs, and 9 billion chicken were raised in confinement and slaughtered in 2002 alone (Maxwell, 2009) A myriad of problems: Manure Storage/Use of the 500 million tons/year produced
Antibiotic resistance due to use of low-dose antibiotics in livestock
Hormones found in both water supplies and livestock products
Insect breeding grounds
Water/Air Pollution
Creation of new pathogenic diseases 2 types of feedlots
AFOs (Animal Feeding Operations) CAFOs (Confined Animal Feeding Operations) also known as Factory Farms - CAFOs contain at least a certain number of animals and have waste materials that come into contact with a water supply (Hribar, 2010) cheap food,
increased profits 2/3 of cattle: 27% in TX; 26% KS (Maxwell, 2009) 2/3 of hogs in 5 states: IA, NC, MN, IL, IN (factoryfarmmap.org, 2012) The south leads the production of broilers (had a 21-fold increase in 50 years) small,family-
owned farms North Carolina now has more hogs than people About half of egg-laying hens are in 5 states: IA, OH, IN, CA, PA 1+ million hogs in Sioux County, IA (Stacy's County) produce as much untreated manure as the sewage from the Los Angeles and Atlanta metro areas combined. Cows naturally carry E.Coli - foodborne illnesses are getting harder to treat because of antibiotic resistance Only 20% of antibiotic use in U.S. is for humans Lots of crap filled with supercharged bugs! Buy and eat sustainable food
Support farmer's markets
Eat less meat
(just one less serving per week is like taking 5 million cars off the road)
Eat grass-fed, free-range, cage free
Promote environmental stewardship Research the issues raised by factory farming at (www.sustainabletable.org/issues) and the benefits of sustainable agriculture at http://prezi.com/lav6cdqcdomu/edit/#3 What you can do: Get a quick overview of factory farming with this interactive: http://www.themeatrix.com/interactive Water Pollution
Antibiotics Air Pollution
Emits ammonia, hydrogen sulfide and methane (40% of total methane emiissions are from factory famrs Breeding Grounds for Insect Vectors
Mosquitos - encephalitis, West Nile
Flies - nuisance, animal agitation, can spread disease like dysentery and diarrhea Crap Pollution:
Over a period of 3 years, 1,000 spills occurred in 10 states and 13 million fish deaths were manure-related (NRDC, 2012)
3 times the yearly waste of the U.S. population is stored in lagoons or used on fields
19 people died as a result of hydrogen sulfide emissions from manure pits in one year (NRDC, 2012) More facts
on crap... contaminating ground and surface water
releasing harmful pollutants into the air
promoting the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria
incubating infectious disease
facilitating the continued overuse of chemical pesticides The University of Iowa and the University of North Carolina found that those living near factory farms reported higher rates of respiratory problems, nausea, weakness, headaches, plugged ears and irritation of nose, eyes, and throat than other rural residents (Sustainable Table, 2012) Regulating
Factory Farms EPA is the main “regulator” of factory farms Government regulations and legislation have lead to the factory farm problems, but they can also fix them (Sustainable Table, 2012). Farm Bill (aka Agriculture Reform, Food and Jobs Act of 2012) = Crap roughly 80 percent of the “farm” bill has little to do with farms or farming state regulation of AFOs and CAFOs often involves both federal and state laws as well as regulations and several different state-level agencies, with numerous variations in approaches, requirements, and jurisdiction (Copeland, 2010) HOWEVER... According to Sustainable Table, the environmental oversight of factory farms is disjointed, toothless and almost non-existent. = The EPA oversees laws such as the Clean Water Act and the Clean Air Act that should trigger programs to monitor and control animal waste and pollution from factory farms (Sustainable Table, 2012). There
is hope... When drug-resistant bacteria develop in industrial livestock facilities, they can reach the human population through food, the environment (i.e., water, soil, and air), or by direct human- animal contact. http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/food/farm-bill-2012/ For info on the Farm Bill 2012: Hope on the Horizon
(according to Food and Water Watch)

Our factory farm campaign aims to:
end government policies that promote factory farms
fight corporate control that forces farmers “to get big or get out”
encourage sustainably-raised meat and dairy products. People are flocking to farmer’s markets.
Consumers want to know where their meat, milk, and eggs come from and how they were produced.
A quiet consumer revolution has taken the food industry by storm.
Well-organized communities have successfully stopped factory farms. There is hope.
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