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Global Influence and the Development of Canada
Transcript of Global Influence and the Development of Canada
Acadia, is it French or English?
Acadia was a settlement on the east coast of North America, in modern day New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
Government Systems in New France
Ancien Regime - the king had absolute power over the country.
Divine Right of Kings - he right to rule was given to the monarch by God, not the people.
Different Social Classes
New France used "The Seigneurial System" which meant that land was borrowed from France by the nobility (upper class) and seigneurs (clergy). The seigneurs earned money from their estates (what their land could produce), so they gave small plots of land to the habitants for an annual fee. They would have to pay a portion of their crops, fish, and what they hunted.
New France and Acadia
In 1663 New France became a royal province of France. It had a small population of about 2000, and was underdeveloped. It relied on the home country for supplies as well as military support against the Iroquois.
By 1665 France was the most powerful empire in Europe. The French king, Louis XIV believed that the colonies would be the key to continued prosperity. He believed that mercantilism would help strengthen France's economy.
In 1663 the king ruled over the colony through a representative called an "intendant." It was ruled this way for the next 100 years
The first Intendant
Jean Talon served as intendant from 1665-1672. His goal was to increase the population on NF. He offered settlers free land and passage (transportation from F-NF) as a way to entice people to move to NF.
He encouraged people to marry at a young age (Girls were as young as 13), and he wanted people to have large families (10-12 children or more!) By 1681 the population had increased to 10,000 and in 1763 there were 70,000 people living in New France.
It was established in 1605 but was passed back and forth from French and British control, but in 1710 it became British and stayed that way.
Le Grand Derangement - in 1755, after 45 years of peace, the British forced more than 7000 Acadians from their homeland. They were forced to move to different areas along the east coast because the British King thought that they might renounce their loyalty and revolt.
Initially, the settlements in New France were the responsibility of the trading companies, not the king. The trading companies had a goal to make money, not develop the land.
In 1663, the King decided that the colonies needed to have good leadership. He appointed an intendant to represent himself in the colonies. The first intendant was Jean Talon. This government system in New France mirrored that of France.
The intendant was responsible for the economics, finance, and justice of the colony.
The king sent over "Les Filles du Roi" to help increase the population.
The Seigneurial system and the absolutist society remained until 1763 when New France fell to the British Empire after the 7 Years War between France and Britain, and became part of British North America.
Britain needed to keep the 70,000 French settlers happy so that they would not rebel, so they allowed them to keep their language, religion, and culture.