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Sacraments Unit 1.2

Baptism
by

Jon Ott

on 22 January 2016

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Transcript of Sacraments Unit 1.2

Baptism
Baptism is a Matter of Life and Death.
What symbols represent life?
What symbols represent death?
Baptize = "to plunge or immerse"
We are buried with Christ
Death to old self, old life
Emerging from water
Re-birth
Emerging from womb
Grace makes you a new person
Foreshadows death and resurrection
Main Baptism Symbols
Water
Words
White Garment
Oil
Lighted Candle
Baptism
"Washing of regeneration and renewal in the Holy Spirit"
Effects of Baptism
Washes away sin (original and personal)
Membership in the Church
Imparts grace to live Christian life
Rites of Baptism
Welcome
Sign of Cross


Word of God
Anointing with oil of catechumens
Blessing of Water
Baptismal Vows
"What name do you give your child?"
"What do you ask of God's Church for your child?"
Parents and godparents on child's forehead
Reject Satan; his works; his empty promises
Embrace God the Father; Jesus Christ His Son; The Holy Spirit and the Church
Rites of Baptism (cont.)
Baptism - triple immersion (or pouring)

Anointing with Chrism


White Garment
"I baptize you in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit."
Signifies reception of Holy Spirit
Call to priest, prophet, king
Pre-figures second anointing (Confirmation)
Rites of Baptism (cont.)
Baptismal Candle lit

Approach Altar

Our Father
Blessing of mother, father, assembly
Symbolizes role of community (Easter Candle)
Symbolizes call to Eucharistic life
"Baptism" in Old Testament
Great Flood
Parting Red Sea
Baptism in New Testament
Luke 3: 1-18
John 3: 5
Acts 2: 38-39
Acts 22: 16
1 Cor. 6: 11-15
1 Peter 3: 21
Historical Roots
Jews had baptisms
Should Baptism be open to infants or reserved for adults?
What do all these passages have in commmon?
Baptism DOES something
More than just symbolic washing
Done by and through God
Proselyte Baptism (converts)
Cleansing Baptism
Church not willing to refuse membership to those too young to have faith
For adults, faith is required

Scriptural Evidence
Col. 2: 11-12
- Paul compares baptism to circumcision
- Almost always done on infants
Acts 2: 39
- Promise made to your children
Accounts of entire households baptized
Infant baptism approved by...
Origen (244)
Council of Carthage (253)
Augustine (408)
Transmits Grace
Orients child toward Eucharist
This grace should be available to all
Baptism
Adult Baptism
"The full meaning of baptism is most clearly revealed in the process of Christian initiation of Adults."
Norm in Early Church
RCIA = Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults
RCIA
Mirrors practice of early Church
Begins with conversion
Catechumenate = period of learning about and developing faith
Elect = those ready to be baptized
Culmination = Easter Vigil
- Elect receive Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist
Community involved in entire process
Baptism in early Church
1. Precatechumenate
Evangelization and initial conversion
"Inquirers" express interest in Christianity
2. Catechumenate
Catechumens receive instruction and participate in life of the Church
3. Purification
"Elect" go through more intense preparation and scrutinies
Baptism occurs at Easter Vigil
4. Mystagogia
Period of reflection and service
Infant Baptism
Initiates the person into the Church
Surrounds child with loving and faithful community
Sign of Parents' love for child
Given full membership, grace
Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA)
Clearest expression of meaning of Baptism
Begins with desire to convert (precatechumenate)
Includes formal formation process (catechumenate)
Involves community throughout entire process
Community members...
Draw people in through example of love.
Are involved in formation of catechumens.
Pray for catechumens.
Formally welcome catechumens (during Lent).
Celebrate Baptism of new members (Easter Vigil).
Are inspired by witnessing conversion of new members.
Full transcript