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THE VISION OF MODERNISATION

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Keval Naraniya

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of THE VISION OF MODERNISATION

French colonialism was resisted at many levels and in various forms. But all nationalists had to grapple with one set of questions: What was it to be Modern? In order to be modern, was it necessary to regard tradition as backward and reject all earlier ideas and social practices? Was it necessary to consider the ‘West’ as the symbol of development and civilisation, and try and copy the West?

Other nationalists strongly differed with Phan Boi Chau. One such was Phan Chu Trinh (1871-1926).
Phan Boi Chau was intensely hostile to the monarchy and opposed to the idea of resisting the French with the help of the court. His desire was to establish a democratic republic.
Profoundly influenced by the democratic ideals of the West, he accepted the French revolutionary ideal of liberty but charged the French for not abiding by the ideal.
He demanded that the French set up legal and educational institutions, and develop agriculture and industries.

Other Ways Of Becoming Modern: JAPAN & CHINA
Early Vietnamese nationalists had a close relationship with Japan and China. They provided models for those looking to change, a refuge for those who were escaping French police, and a location where a wider Asian network of revolutionaries could be established.
In the first decade of the twentieth century ago east movement’ became popular. In 1907-08 some 300 Vietnamese students went to Japan to acquire modern education.
For many of them the primary objective was to drive out the French from Vietnam, overthrow the puppet emperor and re-establish the Nguyen dynasty that had been deposed by the French.
Besides, its victory over Russia in 1907 proved its military capabilities.

Now the nature of the anti-French independence movement changed. The objective was no longer to set up a constitutional monarchy but a democratic republic.
The anti-imperialist movement in Vietnam came under a new type of leadership.

Answers to the above questions are as follow:-
Some intellectuals felt that Vietnamese traditions had to be strengthened to resist the domination of the West, while others felt that Vietnam had to learn from the West even while opposing foreign domination.
These differing visions led to complex debates, which could not be easily resolved.
In the late nineteenth century, resistance to French domination was very often led by Confucian scholar-activists, who saw their world crumbling (Phan Boi Chau)
Phan Boi Chau became a major figure in the anti-colonial resistance from the time he formed the Revolutionary Society (Duy Tan Hoi) in 1903, with Prince Cuong De as the head.
Phan Boi Chau made the Chinese reformer Liang Qichao in Yokohama in 1905, where he wrote most influetial book, THE HISTORY OF LOSS OF VIETMAN
Vietnamese students established a branch of the Restoration Society in Tokyo but after 1908, the Japanese Ministry of Interior clamped down on them. Many, including Phan Boi Chau, were deported and forced to seek exile in China and Thailand.
In 1911, the long established monarchy in China was overthrown by a popular movement under Sun Yat-sen, and a Republic was set up.
Inspired by these developments, Vietnamese students organised the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam (Viet-Nam Quan Phuc Hoi).

THE VISION OF MODERNISATION
WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED?
1.         Learning from the West and oppose foreign dominations:
  Some intellectuals felt that Vietnamese traditions had to be strengthened to resist the domination
of the West
 Others felt Vietnam had to learn from the West even while opposing foreign dominations.
  In the late 19th Century, Confucian scholar activists resisted French domination – Phan Boi Chau formed a Revolutionary Society with prince Cuong De as the head.
  Other Nationalist Phan Chu Trinh and Phan Boi Chau differed in their approach to Vietnamese nationalism.  Phan Chu Trinh was not in favour of resisting the French with the help of court. He wanted to establish a democratic republic in his country.  On the other hand, Phan Boi Chau was in favour of monarchy to resist the French.

2.         Inspiration from Japan and China in modernization:
 In the 20th century a ‘go east movement’ became popular.  In 1907-08, some 300 Vietnamese students went to Japan to acquire modern education.
  Their prime objective was to drive out French from Vietnam, over throw the puppet emperor and re-establish the Nguyen dynasty.
  The Vietnamese nationalist looked for Japanese arms and help because Japan had modernised itself and had resisted Colonization by the West and its victory over Russia in 1907 proved its military capabilities.
 A branch of the Restoration Society was established by Vietnamese students in Tokyo, but was put down by Japanese ministry.
 Developments in China also inspired Vietnamese nationalists.  In 1911, monarchy in China was overthrown by a popular movement under Sun Yat Sen, and a Republic was set up.  Vietnamese students organized the Association for the Restoration of Vietnam.

MADE BY->>> ADITYA
LAY
JAIMIN
YASH
KEVAL
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