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Reconstruction Part 2

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Angela Brazell

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Reconstruction Part 2

Putting the South Back Together
The Politics of Reconstruction
SS8H6 Student will analyze the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Georgia.
c. Analyze the impact of Reconstruction on Georgia and other southern states, emphasizing Reconstruction plans; 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the constitution; Henry McNeal Turner and black legislators.
13th, 14th, and 15th
Reconstruction Amendments
Reconstruction Plans
Black Legislatures
Lincoln's Plan
He wanted the nation to reunite quickly and peacefully
He did not want to punish the South
Many in Congress wanted to punish the South

1) Southerners pardoned after
taking an oath of allegiance to
United States (except for high
ranking officials)
2) After 10% of residents took the oath, a
state could form a legal government
and rejoin the Union
Johnson's Plan
"Presidential Reconstruction"
Lincoln is assassinated 5 days after the South surrenders
Vice president Andrew Johnson becomes president
1) Rich Southerners had to travel to
Washington, D.C. and ask for a
pardon from President Johnson in
Johnson's Plan
Many in Congress still want to punish the South
They want Johnson to be harder on the South so he agrees
Congressional Plan

1) Southern states had to approve the 13th Amendment which made slavery illegal
Congressional Plan

2) Southern states had to
nullify their secession laws
Congressional Plan

3) Southern states had to promise not to repay people and institutions that had helped to finance the Confederacy
Congress Acts
The South limits freedmen's rights with black codes
Blacks could not vote, could not testify against whites in court, and could not marry outside of their race
Congress Reacts to the Black Codes
1) Civil Rights Act of 1866
gave federal government right and responsibility to intervene any time civil rights were taken away from freedmen
2) Southern states had to approve 14th Amendment, which granted citizenship to freedmen, before they could rejoin the Union
only Tennessee agreed to approve the 14th Amendment
3) Congress placed Southern states under military control until they created acceptable state constitutions
36 African Americans served as delegates at the state Constitutional Convention of 1867 held in Milledgeville
They were refused rooms
at local hotels
Military ordered the convention
to be moved to Atlanta
Legislators wrote
a new state constitution
1) gave civil rights to all the state's citizens

2) approved free public education for all children

3) federal troops left the state
1869 Georgia Act
Congress returned Georgia to military control for not allowing blacks to vote
Georgia had to ratify the 15th Amendment which gave all male citizens the right to vote
Alexander Stephens
U.S. Representative
... small
Vice President of Confederacy
U.S. Senator
Henry McNeal Turner
Black minister and
Georgia state Representative
Expelled, along with 28 other black
legislators, from their seats on the grounds that although the Constitution had given them the right to vote it did not give them the right to hold public office
Label Foldable
1) 13th Amendment 4) Lincoln 's Plan
2) 14th Amendment 5) Johnson's Plan
3) 15th Amendment 6) Congressional Plan
Checklist is on Page 22
Key Terms
13th Amendment
14th Amendment
15th Amendment
Henry McNeal Turner
Full transcript