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The Battle of Antietam

Sydney and Grace's Civil War Project
by

Sydney O'Connor

on 13 May 2011

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Transcript of The Battle of Antietam

The Battle of Antietam By: Grace Giordano and Sydney O'Connor Weakening the Confederacy The Union created a blockade to halt all
imports and exports in the south. The Union set up ships and troops
to gain control of the Mississippi
River and split the Confederacy. Lee's Plan Confederate Commander Robert E. Lee planned to attack the Union army at Sharpsburg, Maryland.
Lee hoped to gain support and full control of the border state Maryland.
In order to do this, Lee sent his entire force of soldiers to fight, (about 45,000 men) although the Union commander, George McClellan, sent less than ¾ of his troops (about 87,000 men.) Lee's forces and the Confederacy were outnumbered 2:1 McClellan Union general George B. McClellan was defending the small town of Sharpsburg, Maryland. He did not expect the Confederate attack. Meeting at Antietam Creek Early in the morning of September 17th, 1862, Lee's troops invaded Maryland.
The Union and Confederate troops met at Antietam Creek
It was there that this battle began The Bloodiest Battle Lee suprise attacked McClellan's troops all day long, until Lee and the Confederacy retreated into Virginia. Victory From a military standpoint, this battle was considered a tie, due to the fact that no ground was lost or gain, and the amount of soldiers lost was about even However, the Union declared victory. This gave Lincoln the Union victory he needed to deliver the famous Emancipation Proclamation, which freed all slaves. Costs of Battle This battle was the bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War, killing more Americans than in the War of 1812 and Mexican War combined.
Of the 87,000 Union soldiers who fought at Antietam, 2,100 were killed and 10,300 were wounded or missing.
Of the 45,00 Confederate soldiers who fought at Antietam, 2,770 died, and 11,000 were wounded or missing.
This battle was the bloodiest day of the Civil War, and behind it is The Battle of Shiloh. 2000 more people died at Antietam, and Shiloh was over a few days span. Interesting Facts!! Robert E. Lee- He supported aboltionism and wanted to fight against slavery, but because he wanted to stay loyal to his state of Virginia, he fought for the Confederacy George B. McClellan- He was widely criticized for being too cautious during the Batle of Antietam. Critics say he should have tried to destroy Lee's army during their retreat to Virginia. Works Cited Shenk, Robert. “Antietam.” Civil War Trust: Saving America’s Civil War Battlefields. 2011. 28 April 2011.
<http://civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html>

Ervin, Linda. “The Battle of Antietam: The Bloodiest Day of the Civil War.” Elkton Middle School Civil War Accounts. 10 Jan. 2001. 28 April 2001. <http://www.rockingham.k12.va.us/EMS/History_Pages/The_Battle_of_Antietam/antietam.html> Cleary, Sierra. Battle Map of Antietam. Online Image. 1 May 2011. <http://belthorne2011.blogspot.com/2011/05/battle-of-antietam-by-sierra-cleary.html>

Gibson, James F. Antietam Creek. Online Image. 1 May 2011. <http://www.old-picture.com/civil-war/Antietam-Creek.htm>

Civil War Divisions. 29 April 2011. Online Image. <http://tuckahoe.wikispaces.com/Which+region+of+the+U.S.+was+a+manufacturing+region,+and+its+people+favored+tariffs+that+protected+factory+owners+and+workers+from+foreign+competition%3F> When in the war was Antietam? The Battle of Antietam was one of the first Civil War battles, taking place in 1862. This battle was one of the first times the Confederate army attacked the Union army. For the majority of the war, the South was defending their land, and not attacking th Union. The Battle of Antietam did not put either side ahead in the Civil War, as it was considered a tie. Jermann, Donald R. Antietam: The Lost Order. Gretna Louisiana: Pelican Publishing Company, 2006. Print.

Woodhead, Henry, et al. Antietam. Alexandria, Virginia: Time Life, 1996. Print.
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