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AP Gov: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

The Road to the American Dream
by

Sumaiya Mubarack

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of AP Gov: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties: Freedom of Religion
Civil Liberties: Freedom of Speech & Press
Civil Liberties
-Defn: personal freedoms that the government cannot abridge
-Enumerated in the Bill of Rights
Civil Rights
govt. actions to protect people from discriminatory treatment based on race, gender, nationality, age or sexual orientation
1st Amendment's
Establishment Clause
1st Amendment's Free Exercise Clause
- Creates a separation of church and state
-Key Supreme Court Cases:
1962 Engel v. Vitale
1971 Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon Test
The government cannot prohibit the freedom to practice religion
Civil Liberties: 2nd Amendment
Obscenity:
Unprotected
Speech
Press
Restricted Speech
Symbolic Speech:
Protected
Libel
Civil Liberties: Rights of the Accused
4th Amendment
5th Amendment
6th Amendment
8th Amendment
Civil Liberties: The Right to Privacy
Birth Control
Abortion
Homosexuality
Right to Die
Civil Rights for African Americans
male citizenship, equal protection and due process under the law

Plessy v. Ferguson to Brown v. Board
Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights for Women
Seneca Falls Convention
19th Amendment
Title IX
Other Groups Mobilize for Civil Rights
Hispanic Americans
Native Americans
Gays and Lesbians
The Road to the American Dream:
By:
Lauren Bollinger
Michelle Bollinger
Angela Ding
Rebecca O'Brien
Sumaiya Mubarack

The Difference Between
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties

Equal Rights Amendment
THE END
Ruled prayer in public schools is unconstitutional
1) Has a secular purpose

2) Doesn't promote/prohibit religion

2) Doesn't overly involve govt + religion
Made guidelines for constitutional religious legislation
Exceptions?
i.e. The Mormon practice of polygamy is prohibited
Schenk v. US
- Tinker v. Des Moines- black Vietnam armbands constitutional
- Is flag burning constitutional?
YES. The Federal Flag Protection Act was overturned.
Prior Restraint
Prohibiting speech/publication before the fact
if it poses a "clear and present danger"
Slander

Definition: spoken libel
false
written statements that call someone's reputation into dispute
But, no matter how painful or embarrassing these statements are, if they are
TRUE
, then this charge of libel is insubstantial
Roth v. US
must have "no redeeming social importance"
-1939-
US v. Miller
- the court upheld a tax on automatic weapons
-1993- the
Brady Bill
created a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun (but background checks were struck down)
-1994- Clinton signed ban of semi-automatic weapons
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan
- malice must be proven to convict someone of libel
Rights of Accused Persons
*habeas corpus
*eminent domain

*no double jeopardy
*indictment by grand jury
- No unreasonable search and seizure
1966 Miranda v. Arizona:
---"You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will...
-police must get a warrant where there's a "reasonable expectation of privacy"
Right to a Speed, Public Trail
---with a jury of peers in the district where the crime occurred
Limits of Fines and Punishments
--- no excessive bail
---no cruel or unusual punishment, must match severity of crime
1965 Griswold v. Connecticut
1973 Roe v. Wade
--- a woman's right to an abortion is protected by the right to privacy
1992 Planned Parenthood v. Casey
--- states can limit abortions as long as it does not pose "an undue burden" on pregnant women
2000 Boy Scouts v. Dale
1997: terminally-ill patients DO NOT have the right to physician-assisted suicide
---the dissemination of info about contraceptives and the sale of these contraceptives are indeed CONSTITUTIONAL
---form of marital privacy
--
- because Boy Scouts of America is a private organization, they have the right to exclude gay men from serving as scoutmasters
Dr. Jack Kevorkian
The Civil Rights Amendments
13th
14th
15th
banned slavery
universal male suffrage
- 1896
Plessy v. Ferguson
- ruled "separate but equal" was constitutional
- NAACP created
- Jim Crow laws intensify
- 1954
Brown v. Board of Education
ruled that Plessy violates the equal protection clause and that schools should desegregate
- 1848, led by Stanton and Mott to prevent discrimination against women.
female suffrage
---2011, "Don't Ask Don't Tell" military policy overturned
---2013, Section 3 of Defense of Marriage Act ruled
unconstitutional
---Increased support for Marriage Equality movement
Same-sex marriage legal in
19 states
1955 Rosa Parks Arrested
-led to Montgomery bus boycott
1963 March on Washington
- Martin Luther King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech
-JFK, a huge supporter of MLK and the civil rights movement, was assassinated four months later
-Johnson became president
failed
amendment that would prohibit discrimination against women by federal or state govt.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
--- opponents feared that the ERA would threaten traditional family structure
---part of the Education Amendments of 1972
---prohibits educational institutions that receive federal $$$ from discriminating against female students
- decreed that there can be no discrimination in public accommodations or voter registration
-allowed the Department of Justice to enforce desegregation
Impact of CRA of '64
-
Swann v. Charlotte Mecklenburg School District
- ruled that de-jure (state imposed) discrimination is unconstitutional
-Also is distinct from de facto discrimination (from practice)
---1970, Native American Rights Fund (NARF) founded (Native Americans' version of NAACP)
---1970's, legal victories concerning hunting, fishing, and land rights
---still fighting to gain religious freedom and fight negative stereotypes (offensive sports team mascots)
---1965-1975
---inspired by African American civil rights movement
---1968, formed the MALDEF to ensure equal access to voting and education
(Hispanic Americans' version of the NAACP)
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