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Han China Civilization Autopsy

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Alex Yu

on 17 October 2016

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Transcript of Han China Civilization Autopsy

Han China Civilization Autopsy Report

By: Alex Yu, Grace Kuai, Neha Rana, and Erin Barth
Heart
Head
Ribs
Hands
Pen
Feet
Autopsy
Bibliography:
Liu Bang (a.k.a. Gao Zu)
Abolished the harsh laws of the Qin
Reduced field taxes on peasants
Began the Han dynasty:
Established effective non-hereditary bureaucracy
Ruled from 221 - 207 BCE

Wudi
Greatly expanded Han empire
Kept the nomadic Xiongnu out
Strengthened Silk Road trading with the west
Established effective bureaucracy:
Competency tests
Divided up the large estates

Spine
Leg
206 BCE - 220 CE
Art:
Bronze and ceramic figures were crafted by artisans
Bowls and vases using jade and ivory
Calligraphy was also a highly valued art.
Architecture:
chuan dou architecture style
Technological Advancements:
Canals/ road expansion
Brush pen and paper
Water mills
Rudders/ compasses

Labor Systems:
Officials, farmers, and artisan-craftsmen had higher status than merchants
However, wealthy businessmen could rival the power of nobles and the highest officials
Slaves, however present, were not a major source of labor
Peasants did most of the farming and manual labor
Scholar Gentry were appointed by the emperor to govern China

Alliance between imperial family and scholar-gentry class
Centralized bureaucracy
More regional administration; eliminated feudalism
Confucian political ideals led to system between emperor and his officials where they could criticize bad government
Developed system of training and educating government officials
Confucian civil service exams

3 tiered social structure
Aristocrats and bureaucrats on top
Skilled laborers such as farmers, craftsmen, and iron workers in middle
Servants, merchants, and slaves at bottom
Emperor = top of entire hierarchy
Slaves made up 1% of dynasty's entire population

Confucianism:
More of philosophy than religion
One of crucial beliefs in Han society
Confucius’s 5 relationships for social harmony

Taoism:
Invented during Western Han era
Considered major indigenous religion
Main texts: Dao De Jing
Buddhism:
Spread to China from India via the Silk Road
Merged with Taoism and local belief systems

Extensive borders created a lack of protection, allowing nomadic invasions, failing land distribution and a corrupt government.
Political rivalries; eunuchs, scholar-officials, and army generals fought for power
Not enough tax revenue to support army to defend against invaders
135 years of civil war and chaos followed.
Three Kingdoms period after fall of Han

Breen, Benjamin.
Image of Liu Bang
. Digital image.
Liu Bang, from Peasant Rebel to Emperor
. Origins, Feb. 2013. Web. 16 Oct. 2016.
Confucious. Digital image. Kenan Malik. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2016. <https://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013/03/27/a-book-in-progress-part-21-communism-confucianism/>.
Ink on Silk Manuscript of the Tao Te Ching, 2nd Century BC, Unearthed from Mawangdui.
Digital image.
Tao Te Ching
. Https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ed/Mawangdui_LaoTsu_Ms2.JPG/220px-Mawangdui_LaoTsu_Ms2.JPG, 15 July 2015. Web. 16 Oct. 2016.
Krishnamurti, Ramesh, and Chiou Shang-chia.
Chuan Dou Framing System
. Digital image.
Temple Architecture
. N.p., 1997. Web. 16 Oct. 2016.
Siddhartha Gautama. Digital image. Mrdowling.com. Mike Dowling, 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016. <http://www.mrdowling.com/612-buddhism.html>.
"The Chinese Han Dynasty Society: Social Class & Structure." Totally History Han Dynasty Social Structure Comments. Totallyhistory.com, 2012. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
"The Early Chinese Empire: The Qin and the Han | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." 4000 BCE-1000 CE: The Early Chinese Empire: The Qin and the Han | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. Asia for Educators, Columbia University, 2009. Web. 13 Oct. 2016.
"What Brought Down the Great Han Dynasty in China?" About.com Education. About, Inc., 06 Sept. 2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016. <http://asianhistory.about.com/od/ancientchina/f/Why-Did-Han-China-Collapse.htm>.
Wu, David.
Emperor Wu Is Regarded as the Most Outstanding of All Han Emperors Due to His Role in Vastly Expanding China’s Territory and Creating a Flourishing, Centralized State.
Digital image.
Emperor Wu of Han: Deemed Greatest Emperor of the Han Dynasty
. Epoch Times, 5 Sept. 2013. Web. 16 Oct.
Yin Yang. Digital image. Personal Tao. One River LLC, 2005-2016. Web. 13 Oct. 2016. <http://personaltao.com/portfolio/introduction-taoism/>.
Literature:
Yuefu (Music Bureau)
Collected songs and their musical scores
Contained verses with lyrics and ballads
Dao de Jing
Daoist text written by Laozi
Defined main Daoist practices and beliefs

Trade Routes and Goods Traded:
Silk Road was the biggest trade network in Eurasia, formally developed in Han Dynasty
Paper and porcelain invented during Han Dynasty
Silk became the most important export
Full transcript