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Approaches to Protecting Public Health

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by

Steve Couldwell

on 12 October 2018

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Transcript of Approaches to Protecting Public Health

Protecting Public Health
Public health protection teams (HPTs) provide specialist public health advice and support to the NHS, local authorities and other agencies.

They provide support on:
local
health surveillance
.
alert systems.
investigating and managing health protection incidents.

Local teams will inform national public health bodies in the event of a outbreak or health concern, who in turn may pass it on to Public Health Europe and the WHO.
Epidemiology in Controlling Communicable Disease
Around the world diseases are tracked and, when outbreaks occur, report to local, national, regional and international health authorities.

Controls can be put in place to prevent the spread into other areas e.g. ebola, zika.
National and Local Plans
Public Health England & Public Health Wales have a wide range of policies concerning health and work. If you have concerns you can seek advice from local PH teams.
Your Task
Summarise your specific approach to protecting public health.
How has it helped to protect the public?
Explain how effective you believe the approach has been.
Environmental Surveillance
Surveillance is important to ensure the spread of diseases is reduced. Data received informs public health actions about the treatment of disease and programme planning. Old data may be used again if there is a recurring outbreak to see if the treatment was effective or requires evaluating.
Microbiology Services
The role of microbiology services is to identify, isolate, treat and prevent human infections caused by pathogenic (disease causing) organisms.

How do Public Health Laboratories (PHL) do it:
Approaches to Protecting Public Health and Well Being
Your Task
Surveillance topics may include:
Mortality data
Infectious disease data
Environmental hazards data
Cancer data
Acute and chronic disease registers (asthma, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, mental health)
Environmental Controls
Waste disposal and treatment - All healthcare waste should be disposed of safely (E.g. most items of clinical waste will be incinerated)
Water supply - The Drinking Water Inspectorate ensures the quality of water meets legal requirement.
Food production,preparation, storage and sales - The Food Standards Agency (FSA) regulates food production in Britain. e.g. food kept free from harmful substances, correctly stored and not falsely labelled.
Identifying and controlling diseases spread in food
Test samples of food and provide specialist support when needed.
Information is shared with other departments e.g. Environmental health.
Premises can be checked, inspected and closed down if necessary.
Identifying and controlling diseases spread by water
PHL can identify and isolate outbreaks within water e.g. Legionnaires disease.
If there is an outbreak an Outbreak Control Team (OCT) can beent to an area to manage the problem.
Identifying and controlling airborne diseases
Can be spread by respiratory droplets or dust from a person. e.g SARS
If there s an occurrence an emergency response can be put in place.
May also need to be used in the event of a bioterrorist threat.
Specific Programmes
Immunisation Programmes - tetanus, diptheria, measles, mumps, polio and influenza.
Health screening - Effective way of checking a person's health status. Screening can be offered to an entire population or to just individuals.
Genetic screening - Offered people that may inherit diseases or conditions from their parents e.g. sickle cell, breast cancer
https://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Screening/Pages/screening.aspx#types
https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/
https://www.gov.uk/topic/population-screening-programmes
Research Change4Life looking at its features and explain how it increases public awareness about the health problem.

Look at two approaches used to promote this campaign to the public. Explain how effective these approaches have been.

How does this protect the public from the health problem?

How do the two approaches prevent and control the increase in the specific health problem?
Full transcript