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Arthur Miller and The Crucible
Transcript of Arthur Miller and The Crucible
written in 1953
Set during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692
Historical Fiction: based on actual people and events, though technically fictitious
Born in 1915 to a working class family. They struggled financially during the Great Depression.
Payed for his own education at the University of Michigan
Was married 3 times
Mary Slatter (2 children, Robert and Jane)
Ingeborg Morath (1 daughter, Rebecca)
Wrote many famous plays, including Death of a Salesman, for which he won the Pulitzer Prize
Died in 2005 at age 89
Arthur Miller: The Author
McCarthyism and The Crucible:
The Crucible is set in the Puritan village of Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. However, it was written as a commentary on a time period known as the Red Scare.
The government, during this time, became so paranoid in their fear of Communism that they commissioned Joseph McCarthy, a senator, to hunt for communists in America.
McCarthy questioned many, and those who would not confess and incriminate others were often jailed, their careers and reputations ruined. Arthur Miller was just such a person.
He wrote The Crucible to illustrate the idea that shared paranoia can harm the innocent, while often overlooking the truly guilty.
"We burn a hot fire here. It melts down all concealment"
Judge Danforth, Act 3
A crucible is a device used in metalwork and chemistry. It is used to purify substances. Those that cannot be purified are destroyed.
During the Salem Witch Trials, people were forced to confess themselves or they would be hanged or worse. The courts believed the town was being purified, but their "crucible" was one of destruction.
So how did they do it?
Propaganda: What is it?
Political cartoons (also known as editorial cartoons) are defined as illustrations or comic strips containing a political or social message that usually relates to current events or personalities.
Draw your own Political Cartoon
1st Side: Draw your cartoon using elements discussed in class (Rhetoric, imagery, indirect references etc.)
2nd Side: Write and explain your cartoon’s message. What you drew, why you drew it, and the rhetorical devices you used (and why you used them).
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.