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Cognitive Learning Theory

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Sasha Isobel Chiong

on 1 August 2016

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Transcript of Cognitive Learning Theory

Cognitive Learning Theory
Cognitive theory is a learning theory in psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding the thought processes.
Long term memory
Three types of long term memory:
- Declarative (facts)
- Procedural (how to do things)
- Episodic (events in your life)
Short term memory
the capacity of holding a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time.
Four key components/process that enable us to remember an information:
- Short term and Long term memory
- Elaboration
- Paivio's Dual-Coding Theory
- Network model of memory
Psychologists who focused on different cognitive conditions that impact on learning:
Renowned for his model of child development and learning. He identified 4 developmental stages and the cognitive processes associated with each of them.
Jean Piaget
Developmental Stages:
- Sensory Motor
- Intuitive / Pre-operational
- Concrete Operational
- Formal Operational
Identifies and describes, in hierarchical order, the cognitive processes involved in learning.
Benjamin Bloom
Bloom's Taxonomy
Extended aspects of Piaget’s theory. He identified three ways in which learners make sense of input.
Jerome Bruner
Modes of Thinking:
- Enactive Level
- Iconic Level
- Symbolic Level
Stressed the importance of active mental participation in meaningful learning tasks. Made a distinction between meaningful learning and rote learning.
David Ausubel
Two types of learning:
- Meaningful Learning
- Rote Learning
Best remembered for being a pioneer in cognitive psychology during a time when behaviorists dominated the field. He is classified as a cognitive behaviorist today and the originator of the cognitive theory.
Edward Tolman
The apparatus used in one of Tolman's experiments illustrating purposive behavior in place versus responsive learning.
Thank you!
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