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Rogers: Rock Music

5th
by

Rachel Rogers

on 26 January 2017

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Transcript of Rogers: Rock Music

History of Rock & Roll
In the 1950's there was a musical earthquake that shook everything up. It was called Rock & Roll. But this music had begun many years before with ancient african rhythms. These rhythms mixed with other styles of music from all over America created Rock & Roll.
Teenagers of the 1950’s loved the energetic dance beats and the catchy
words
of Rock & Roll music. Adults however, did not like this new style of music. They believed children would get into trouble from listening to it. But Rock & Roll became one of the most well known styles of music.

(1925-1981)
Teenagers loved this new style of music. Bill Haley along with his band The Comets recorded two of the most famous rock and roll songs,
“Shake, Rattle, and Roll” and “Rock Around the Clock”.
The original singer of the song “Shake, Rattle, and Roll” was a rhythm and blues singer named
Big Joe Turner
. Bill wrote the lyrics for his song
“Rock Around the Clock”
. This song was used in a movie and helped it reach #1 on the pop charts.

Bill traded in his western style cowboy shirts for
plaid jackets
, and began wearing his hair with a big round curl on his forehead.
TRIVIA
Fashion Mash Up
From what you already know, what other famous Rock & Roll singer wore his hair with a curl on his forehead?
A. Bob Dylan
B. Jimmi Hendrix
C. Elvis Presley
Even though Bill wasn't a very young man he was able to
write songs about things teenagers liked
. This talent and
his energy
made him the very first rock and roll star.

Bill Haley and The Comets Hits:
"Shake, Rattle and Roll"
"Rock Around the Clock"
Little Richard
b. 1932

Richard joined different 4 different minstrel shows:
Sugarfoot Sam
King Brothers Circus
Jolly Steppers
Broadway Follies
.
While performing he was called Little Richard. He wowed audiences with his high voice, and crazy performances and he learned how to play the piano from a performer named Esquerita. He copied his fashion from him as well.
When Richard was
18 years old
he made his first record in New Orleans. He found a magic formula of
fast piano playing, made up words, and hollering in a high voice.
His first smash hit was called “
Tutti Frutti
”. Shortly after he came out with other great hits like “
Lucille” and “Good Golly Miss Molly
”. Even though he was a huge star he left rock and roll music to become a preacher.
Chuck Berry
b. 1926
Chuck was born in
St. Louis
and learned to play guitar as a teenager, but he didn't become a musician right away. He worked on an assembly line at a
car factory
, and then became a
hair stylist
at a beauty shop. He started a band in 1952 and three years later they signed a contract with Chess, a Chicago record label that specialized in blues and rhythm and blues music. His first hit was
"Maybellene"
in 1955.
Chuck Berry pioneered the sound of Rock & Roll with his
electric guitar, catchy songs, and expressive voice
.
Teenagers loved watching Chuck. He was a good dresser, he scooted across the stage, walking like a duck while playing his guitar. Chuck's songs
“Sweet Little Sixteen”
and
“School Day”
specialized in witty lyrics that told stories or expressed how much teens loved rock and roll.

TRIVIA
One of Chuck Berry's biggest fans in the 1950's was an English teenager named Keith Richards. What famous band did he become the guitarist for?
A. Led Zeppelin
C. The Beatles
B. Rolling Stones
Jerry Lee Lewis
b. 1935
Jerry grew up in
Ferriday, Louisianna
and started playing piano when he was 8 years old. He would practice songs from his parents'
blues
records.
Big Bopper
Elvis Presley
1935-1977
The King of Rock & Roll
Elvis grew up poor in the small town of
Tupelo
,
Mississippi
. He always loved music, and at the age of
9
he won second prize at the county fair. As a teenager he moved to Memphis, Tennessee with his parents. While living there he heard different kinds of music such as
gospel, blues, R & B, and country.
At first his style was called "
rockabilly
", a mix of "Rock & Roll" and "hillbilly". Elvis drove the audiences crazy with flashy clothes, moving his hips, and doing other dance moves. Girls screamed when he would look at them.
After high school Elvis got a job driving a truck and he saved his money to buy his mother a special gift.
He used his money to record two songs for his mom at Sun Records.
The owner really liked Elvis's voice and had him join the record company.
Eventually Elvis left Sun Records and began recording with RCA. He had a number of great hits:

"Heartbreak Hotel"
"Blue Suede Shoes"
"Don't Be Cruel"
"Hound Dog"
"Love Me Tender"
"Teddy Bear".
After serving two years in the army, from 1958-1960, Elvis then stopped performing. He returned in the 1970's and even though he was older and much heavier, his fans still adored him until he died in 1977.
Elvis Presley, Bill Black, Scotty Moore, and D.J. Fontana
Buddy Holly
1936-1959
Buddy Holly was born Charles Hardin Holley in Lubbock, Texas. As a teenager. Buddy played Country & Western music, but discovered Rock & Roll after sharing a show with
Elvis Presley
. Buddy had a special voice that could
hiccup and chirp.
He

sounded good singing all types of music. His band was called "Buddy and the Crickets" and included Niki Sullivan, Waylin Jennings, and Tommy Alsup. They changed the style for 1960's rock bands
by writing and playing most of their own songs.
Richard Stephen Valenzuela came from a very poor Mexican-American family in California. His father played Latin-style guitar, and young Ritchie started strumming along on a ukulele. He soon was playing
guitar, trumpet, harmonica, and drums
. While in high school he became the lead singer and guitarist for a trio called the
Silhouettes
. Ritchie composed a song inspired by traditional Mexican wedding music he learned from his aunt called,
"La Bamba"
. This song is probably the most famous Spanish song in American pop history.
The day the music died
On February 2, 1959 after performing at the Winter Dance Party in Iowa Buddy Holly, Ritchie Vallens, and the Big Bopper were ready to go to Minnesota for their next stop on tour. Their bus had lost heat, so Buddy chartered a 4 person plane to fly to Minnesota the next day. Instead of Waylin Jennings, the Big Bopper went on the flight because he had the flu. Tommy Allsup and Ritchie Valens flipped a coin, and Ritchie ended up going on the flight as well. Shortly after taking off on the morning of February 3, 1959 the plane crashed in a nearby city killing all three musicians and the pilot Roger Peterson.
TRIVIA
What other Rock & Roll band named themselves after a bug?
Answer:
The Beatles

The Beatles named themselves after a bug in honor of Buddy Holly and the Crickets.
Big Joe Turner
The Beatles
1959-1970
The Beatles, are possibly one of the most famous rock bands. They were formed in Liverpool,
England
in 1959 and first aired on T.V. in the United States in February 1964 performing the song "
I Want to Hold Your Hand".
The crowd was so loud you couldn't hear the singing. Their fame became known as
Beatlemania
. The band wasn't able to go anywhere without police protection.
When he was 13 yeard old Jerry performed for the first time in public at the local car dealership. He earned $15 ($151). After high school Jerry gave up music and went to bible school to be a preacher but his love of music was too great. In 1956 he traveled to Memphis, Tennessee to join Sun Records. In order to pay for the trip Jerry and his father sold
hundreds of chicken eggs.
In Memphis Jerry recorded the hit "
Crazy Arms
" and played the piano for other artists. Jerry Lewis wasn't just a piano player, or a singer, he was one of the greatest showmen. He did tricks like
jumping up in the air, pounding the keys with his feet, and growling and yodeling his songs.
Jerry has played all kinds of music including a country version of "
Chantily Lace
" originally done by the Big Bopper. Jerry's most famous song is
"Great Balls of Fire".
It sold
1 million copies
in only 10 days.
TRIVIA
Jerry Lee Lewis was rumored to have...
A. Set his piano on fire
C. Play the piano upside down
B. Break piano strings
Bill Haley started his career as a singing cowboy with two different
country music
groups, the
Down Homers, and the Saddlemen
. He then became a fan of
rhythm and blues music
and began to mix the two styles together.

Richard Penniman was born in Macon, Georgia. He was 1 of 12 children. He loved to sing as a child and performed for the first time in public at
age 10
. Richard like rhythm and blues, but his father wanted him to only sing and listen to gospel music. So when he was 14 years old, he left home.

Minstrel Show
-popular stage show with songs, dances, and comedy. It was created in the U.S. in the early 19th century.
Ritchie Valens
1941-1959
We are going to learn about only 9 of the Rock & Roll musicians who would change music. Their music influenced all of the music you listen to today.
The original band members included John Lennon (1940-1980), Paul McCartney, George Harrison(1943-2001), and Pete Best(later replaced by Ringo Star). From the beginning, John and Paul wrote nearly all the group's songs.
Even more hits followed their first performance:
"Can't Buy Me Love"
"A Hard Day's Night"
"Yesterday"
"All You Need Is Love"
"Hey Jude"
"Blackbird"
They even had one song turned in to an animated movie called
"The Yellow Submarine". I
n 1970 the band broke up. Millions of fans begged them to get back together but they never did.
One, two, three o'clock, four o'clock rock
Five, six, seven o'clock, eight o'clock rock
Nine, ten, eleven o'clock, twelve o'clock rock
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
Put your glad rags on, join me, Hon
We'll have some fun when the clock strikes one
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
We're gonna rock, rock, rock, 'til broad daylight
Gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight
When the clock strikes two, three and four
If the band slows down we'll yell for more
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
We're gonna rock, rock, rock, 'til broad daylight
We're gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight

When the chimes ring five, six, and seven
We'll be right in seventh heaven
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
We're gonna rock, rock, rock, 'til broad daylight
We're gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight
Oh, when it's eight, nine, ten, eleven too
I'll be going' strong and so will you
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
We're gonna rock, rock, rock, 'til broad daylight
We're gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight
When the clock strikes twelve, we'll cool off then
Start a rocking' 'round the clock again
We're gonna rock around the clock tonight
We're gonna rock, rock, rock, 'til broad daylight
We're gonna rock, gonna rock around the clock tonight
Rock Around the Clock
When I saw my baby walking with another man today
When I saw my baby walking with another man today
When I asked her what's the matter, this is what I heard her say

See you later alligator, in a while crocodile
See you later alligator, in a while crocodile
Don't you know you're in my way now
Don't you know you cramp my style

She said, I'm sorry pretty daddy,
you knew my love is just for you
She said, I'm sorry pretty daddy,
you knew my love is just for you
Won't you say that you'll forgive me
and say your love for me is true

I said, wait a minute gator,
I know you meant it just for play
I said, wait a minute gator,
I know you meant it just for play
don't you know you really hurt me
This is what I have to say

See you later alligator, in a while crocodile
See you later alligator, in a while crocodile
Don't you know you're in my way now
Don't you know you cramp my style
See you Later Alligator
Bebobalubabalabamboo
Girl named Sue knows just what to do
Girl named Sue knows just what to do
She drives me to the East and she drives me to the West
And she's the girl that loves me best
Tutti Frutti Au Rutti
Girl named Daisy almost drives me crazy
Bad girl named Daisy almost drives me crazy
A real gone cookie yes siree
Boy you don't know what she do to me
Tutti Frutti Au Rutti
Bebobalubabalabamboo
Tutti Frutti
, won't you do your sisters will?
Lucille, you won't do your sister's will?
You ran off and married, but I love you still

Lucille, please, come back where you belong
Lucille, please, come back where you belong
I been good to you, baby, please, don't leave me alone

I woke up this morning, Lucille was not in sight
I asked my friends about her but all their lips were tight
Lucille, please, come back where you belong
I been good to you, baby, please, don't leave me alone, whoa

I woke up this morning, Lucille was not in sight
I asked my friends about her but all their lips were tight
Lucille, please, come back where you belong
I been good to you, baby, please, don't leave me alone

Lucille, baby, satisfy my heart
Lucille, baby, satisfy my heart
I played for it, baby, and gave you such a wonderful start
Lucille
Maybellene, why can't you be true
Oh Maybellene, why can't you be true
You've started back doin' the things you used to do

As I was motivatin' over the hill
I saw Mabellene in a Coup de Ville
A Cadillac arollin' on the open road
Nothin' will outrun my V8 Ford
The Cadillac doin' about ninety-five
Bumper to bumper, rollin' side by side
Maybellene
Why can't you be true
Oh Maybellene, why can't you be true
You've started back doin' the things you used to do

The Cadillac pulled up ahead of the Ford
The Ford got hot and wouldn't do no more
It then got cloudy and started to rain
I honked my horn for a passin' lane
The rainwater blowin' all under my hood
I knew that I was doin' my motor good
Maybellene
Why can't you be true
Oh Maybellene, why can't you be true
You've started back doin' the things you used to do
Oh, Maybellene

The heat went down, the motor cooled
And that's when I heard that highway sound
The Cadillac asittin' like a ton of lead
A hundred and ten half a mile ahead
The Cadillac lookin' like it's sittin' still
And I caught Mabellene at the top of the hill
Maybellene
Why can't you be true
Oh Maybellene, why can't you be true
You've started back doin' the things you used to do

Oh, Maybellene
Why can't you be true
Oh Maybellene, why can't you be true
You've started back doin' the things you used to do
You've started back doin' the things you used to do
Oh you've started back doin' the things you used to do now
You've started back doin' the things you used to do
Maybellene
You shake my nerves and you rattle my brain
Too much love drives a man insane
You broke my will, oh what a thrill
Goodness gracious great balls of fire

I learned to love all of Hollywood money
You came along and you moved me honey
I changed my mind, looking fine
Goodness gracious great balls of fire

You kissed me baby, woo, it feels good
Hold me baby, learn to let me love you like a lover should
You're fine, so kind
I'm a nervous world that your mine mine mine mine
I cut my nails and I twiddle my thumbs
I'm really nervous but it sure is fun
Come on baby, you drive me crazy
Goodness gracious great balls of fire

Well kiss me baby, woo-oooooo, it feels good
Hold me baby
I want to love you like a lover should
You're fine, so kind
I got this world that your mine mine mine mine

I cut my nails and I twiddle my thumbs
I'm real nervous 'cause it sure is fun
Come on baby, you drive me crazy
Goodness gracious great balls of fire
Great Balls of Fire
You ain't nothin' but a hound dog
Cryin' all the time
You ain't nothin' but a hound dog
Cryin' all the time
Well, you ain't never caught a rabbit and you ain't no friend of mine

Well they said you was high-classed
Well, that was just a lie
Yeah they said you was high-classed
Well, that was just a lie
Well, you ain't never caught a rabbit and you ain't no friend of mine
Hound Dog
Full transcript