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Copy of Medical Ecology

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Dia Shannon

on 12 November 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Medical Ecology


Medical Ecology, Ecological Medicine GeoMedicine, Medical Anthropology, Clinical Ecology, Ethnobotanical Medicine, Disease Ecology
What is it?
Amalgam of principles borrowed from a wide variety of basic and applied sciences
Climate Control
Ozone and Temperature
Ozone
The hole in the ozone layer is created by the accumulation of chlorine containing compounds in the upper atmosphere, largely in the form of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs for short).
Temperature
Greenhouse gases =
Warmth
Water: Contamination and Vectors
Conclusion
It's all the planktons fault..............
Medical Ecology
Rene Dubos
Eminent Microbiologist
Pulitzer Prize: So Human an Animal: How We Are Shaped by Surroundsing and Events (1969)
Ozone layer abosrbs 97-99% of medium-frequency UV light (200-315 nmm)
Health and The Ozone Layer
(Elwood et al, 1988)
Increase in UV-B (280-320 nm)
enough to activate oncogene
Ground-Level Ozone
(Ollinger et al, 1997)
Ozone Depletion and Phytoplankton: Southern Ocean Collapse (Smith et al, 1992)
Gordon Dobson
Does the Ozone Hole Threaten Antarctic Life? (Roberts 1989
Ozone and Southern Ocean Collapse
Predation, Body Size and Composition of Plankton (Dodson and Brooks, 1965)
+
=
C02, Phytoplankton and The Biological Pump
What does a surplus of CO2 mean for oceans
and the atmosphere?
Global warming likely to reduce phytoplankton size,
thereby reducing ocean's capacity to remove carbon
dioxide from air (Anxelu et al, 2010)
Increased Precipitation
Climate Change and The Ecologist (Thuiller 2007)
Vibrio cholerae
Environmental Microbe and Human Pathogen: The Ecology and Microbiology of Vibrio cholerae
(Cottingham, 2003)
V. cholerae, E. coli, C. difficile, C. jejuni

SARS, Hepatitis A, West Nile
Malaria
=
Malaria
Climate Change and the spread of Cholera and Malaria (Pak, 2012)
West Nile Virus
Cinchona Plantation in the New World
(Fosberg, 1947)
Mirage of Health (1959)
Full transcript