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Copy of Comparatives and Superlatives

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by

Manuel Ferreras

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Comparatives and Superlatives

Adjectives -
Superlatives and
Comparatives Superlatives
in English - In English, superlatives deal with -est endings on adjectives (ex. biggest)
- Also transposed using the word most, best, etc.
- Usually describing ONE noun for having a greatest quality
- Difference between a comparative and superlative is that it is only referring to ONE noun Superlatives Examples New York is the most populated city in the
United States. In this example, New York is the noun, and the superlative it is being described as is being the MOST populated city. Ms. Perez's period two is her most
favorite Spanish II class. In this example, Ms. Perez's period two is the noun, and it is described as her MOST favorite Spanish II class. Other Examples - She has the best hair in Orlando.
- He got the highest score on the quiz. In these examples, the forms best
and -est ending is used. Superlatives
in Spanish - In Spanish, the same rules apply.

This is the most common form used to express a superlative

más + adjective Superlatives Examples The boy is the tallest.


- The boy is the noun, 'más alto' describes him as being the tallest. El chico es más alto. When describing something within a population, location, etc, add a 'de' to represent 'in'

más + adjective + de Superlatives Examples The boy is the smartest in the class.


- The boy is the noun, mas inteligente is the superlative, and 'de la clase' is added to describe a population El chico es mas inteligente de la clase. Comparatives
in English Comparatives - In English, comparatives deal with -er endings on adjectives
- Also transposed using better, etc.
- Usually describing the difference between TWO nouns rather than one (superlatives) Examples The red chili is hotter than the
yellow chili.



Ms. Perez's period two are better singers than her period one. - In this example, the two nouns are the red and yellow chili and the comparative adjective is hotter - In this example, the two nouns are Ms. Perez's period two and period one with the better singers comparing the two nouns. Comparatives - Comparatives can also describe two nouns that are alike.
- This is expressed using forms such as

as + adjective + as - The cat and dog are the two nouns, while it is equally compared using 'as big as' Comparatives
in Spanish In Spanish, just like superlatives, many of the
same rules apply

When dealing with two unequal nouns, these two
forms can be used

más + adjective + que
menos + adjective + que

- this has the same meaning as using -er adjectives or the term better in English (más meaning larger, menos meaning smaller) Comparatives Examples El perro es más cansado que el gato. - In this example, the two nouns are perro and gato with the comparative 'más cansado que' stating one is more tired than the other Mi casa es menos grande que tu casa. - In this example, it states that my house is smaller than your house NOTE: be careful when using the correct forms with adjectives also describing greater or smaller comparisons Example: El perro es menos bajo que el gato. - This sentence technically means, the dog is less small than the cat, stating it is bigger Comparatives When comparing two equal nouns in Spanish, this form is most commonly used

tan + adjective + como

- This has the same meaning as
'as + adjective + as' in English Examples The boy is as smart as the girl.


- In this sentence 'tan inteligente como' is decribing that the boy is as smart as the girl The book is as good as the movie.


- In this sentence, it is stating the book is as good as the movie. El chico es tan inteligete como la chica. El libro es tan bueno como la pelicula. Review Review of Forms Superlatives
más + adjective
El chico es más alto.
más + adjective + de
El chico es más alto de la clase.

Comparatives
más + adjective + que
menos + adjective + que
Mi casa es menos grande que tu casa.
tan + adjective + como
El chico es tan inteligete como la chica. Thanks for Listening!
Any questions? Example:
The cat is as big as the dog.
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