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The Social Revolution: Digital Media, Cyber-Pragmatism, and Nonviolent Movements
Transcript of The Social Revolution: Digital Media, Cyber-Pragmatism, and Nonviolent Movements
(THEORY) Pillars of Support
(ANALYSIS) Key Principles
(PRACTICE) Evolution of Information Sharing Story Creation Feeding MSM Digital Media, Cyber Pragmatism, and Nonviolent Movements Cyber-Utopians
Cyber-Pessimists Egypt Colombia Ukraine 1 Million Voices Against the FARC Alliance for Youth Movements Orange Revolution Text Messaging (SMS) April 6 Youth Movement We Are All Khaled Said Here Comes Everybody The Net Delusion Digital Activism Decoded Common Sense Unity Planning Nonviolent Discipline Consent-Based Power Top Down or Bottom Up? Security Forces Media Business Educational Institutions Religious Community What Is Power? Internet Invented Blogger Twitter YouTube Citizen Journalism #Trending Topics Global Perspectives Digital Code A universal language of 1s and 0s is connecting the entire globe through shared knowledge and information. Fragile or Durable? Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia Kidnappings and violence terrorize the Colombian people. Democratic Back-Sliding 30 Years of Mubarak Daryn Cambridge
Director, Knowledge & Digital Strategies
International Center on Nonviolent Conflict (2008) (2004) (2011) We can form our own communities around ideas and information. We have become "the people formerly known as the audience." Between 2000 and 2010, global internet usage went up by 444% Oscar Morales starts a Facebook page that spurs the largest anti-terrorism demonstration in world history. A coalition of opposition groups called Kefaya used Facebook to organize a national strike. A Facebook page exposing police brutality helped bring people to the streets on January 25th. Clay Shirky Evgeny Morozov Mary Joyce Thomas Paine's revolutionary pamphlet remains one of the most popular texts in American history. We are experiencing fundamental transformations in a number of social arenas... How we produce and consume news and information. How we organize movements online. How we choose to wage a struggle. Sharing and spreading information has been an integral part of revoutions throughout history. Networked technology increases the speed and scope of spreading ideas. We can instantly self-publish and disseminate our own ideas. We can capture, edit, and share our own lives from our own perspectives. The power of shaping narratives is becoming less hierarchical. Social media is driving the future of mainstream media. "Monopoly controls have been the exception in free societies; they have been the rule in closed societies."
-Lawrence Lessig iReporters, crisis mapping, crowd sourcing, live blogging, twitter feeds. #jan25, #libya, #tahrir, #protest. How and what we share impacts how and why we act. A professional class of individuals no longer determines for us what content is worthy of distribution. Organizations form that give prominence to the role of social media in movements. Youth civil society groups used cell phones to coordinate election monitoring and demonstrations. For 14 days Ukrainians occupy the central square in Kiev to protest a fraudulent election. An entire generation of Egyptians had grown up under the autocratic rule of a single man. How do we view the fundamental nature of power? What can past nonviolent movements teach us about their success? How does our conception of power impact how we analyze a conflict? Where do their loyalties lie and who do they serve? What stories do they cover and from what perspective? How are their economic interests impacted? What do they teach and to whom? Bringing together diverse segments of a society around a set of achievable goals. Systematically mapping the battefield and strategically sequencing tactics that serve the movement goals. Refraining from the use of violence in order to build participation and create loyalty shifts. Control? Legitimacy? Wealth? The ruler cannot rule if the people do not obey. Relevance and popularity are determined by the readers, not the publishers. Digital media provides new methods and spaces for people to organize. Cyber-pragmatists leverage online organizing to stimulate on-the-ground direct action. Digital media and cyber-pragmatism are bringing exposure to nonviolent forms of resistance. The Internet and social media benefit social movements more than they do the governments that repress them. The Internet and social media benefit repressive governments more than they do the movements that oppose them. Censorship and killing of journalists raise fears of a return to autocratic rule. How does their practice challenge or support the power structure?