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Socials Flow Chart

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Faizaan Shajani

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Socials Flow Chart

How Did the Growth of Canada's Economy From 1812-1838 Change the Political System in Canada? CHANGE Main Source of Income The main source of income in Canada was the fur trade, however after the rebellion and reform in Canada, timber was the main source of income for Canadians. Social Impact Economic Impact The demand for houses increases and more wood becomes available. A change in lifestyle occurs in Canada, as the lumber industry is bigger than the fur industry. More ships were built sending wood across the nation in return thousands of men, women and children came back as immigrants. Canada became a richer nation with higher immigration rates. More colonies have developed around this nation. The act of British authorities in Canada strengthening the defenses of the colonies and encouraging immigration and economic development, only strengthens the the nations economic power. Economic Impact New towns will develop around lumber mills. If towns develop here then more people can get jobs at these lumber mills. Social Impact Economic Impact The Lumber industry in Canada can become so rich that people from all around the world will look to immigrate to Canada because of the lifestyle of the people in Canada. The political system in place did not allow the people of Canada to have a say in the decisions made by the council. The council, and governor- people who had real power-could veto (reject) the recommendation made by the elected assembly. Reform in Upper Canada Rebellion in Upper Canada More immigrants were settling from Britain and the United states, especially in upper Canada. Lumber and wheat became the main economic staple that drove Canada. It was during this time that popular movements to reform the government sprang up. Social Impact Most of the rebelling in Upper Canada was primarily fueled by the leader of the Colonial Advocate newspaper William Lyon Mackenzie. Mackenzie wanted an elected legislative council and a responsible executive council. Mackenzie wanted a democratic system similar to the Americas but not the same, Mackenzie and is supporters wrote a report documenting abuses of government power against the people and suggested a political reform. The rebellion itself was short and poorly organized as Mackenzie's brilliant plan was to take up arms and overthrow the government in Toronto (York). Reform In Lower Canada Change The texts suggest that the change in the main source of income in Canada, seems to have lead to changes in the Political systems in Canada. When timber became the main source of income, lumber mills developed and more people were able to get jobs, as a result of this more people looked to come to Canada, and more colonies and towns were formed near the lumber mills. Because the economy in Canada is getting so much better, more people are realizing some things that could make it even better and getting confident enough to try and make changes in the political system. In turn, this will improve Canada's infrastructure, government policies, and education system. The government in Canada was controlled by the Family compact (upper Canada), the Chateau Clique (Quebec), and British governors. These groups of people favored the English because they were trying to lessen the political power of the French Canadians, and to make the government system in Canada more like the laws in Britain. They wanted to anglicize Canada.
In Lower Canada, Papineau and his party won the 1834 election, from this came 92 resolutions which criticized the oligarchic system of government, demanded that colonial revenues be controlled by the elected assembly, that the forming of the executive council be responsible to the assembly and that the assembly elect the council.However these requests were not honored even though Papineau won by a landslide, the governor, Lord Gosford, would not allow the to assemble. instead he appealed directly to the voters. The British drove the rebel leaders out of Canada by, defeating the weak and almost non-existing forces, to the British, of the patriots. In Upper Canada, William Lyon Mackenzie, the leader of the colonial Advocate newspaper, inspired the people to take control and try to change their government with his writing. He wrote about how the government abuses it's power, denies people the right to make their own decisions. Mackenzie wanted a responsible executive council and an elected legislative council. Mackenzie drove the reformation in upper Canada, with his calls for these councils and a democratic system similar to ones in the Americas.
popliteal The texts suggest that change seems to come from people striving to improve the quality of their life and by making changes to the current political system. These changes occur because the government is either favoring one side over another, or the changes and decisions they make only benefit them. The real lasting change comes from political change and that change is a self-motivated change. This change is the most important change because it makes the government realize their mistakes, and eventually improve their views. At the end of the rebellions of 1837, there was not prominent change-right after the rebellions-in the government system, but these texts seem to convince that the rebellions of 1837 lead to changes in the political system, such as a more responsible elected assembly and an executive legislative council. Rebellion in Lower Canada Because there is so much wood, more people are building houses. The people working in the fur trade are not the only ones making money now. This change in lifestyle allows more people to prosper from Canada's natural resources The area surrounding lumber mills will become very rich and if colonies are built in these areas it will only increase the success of the mills The more colonies that are built around these mills, the richer Canada will seem to people living in places all around the world like: Britain and the Americas If these ships are sailing worldwide it will send good messages about Canada, to people living outside of North America. Messages such as, Canada has many interesting job opportunities, it would be a great place to live. People also spread the word and multiple families migrate to a new country together because it brings them better opportunities to work. If more people move to these new towns then more jobs will be created and in turn more colonies. Social Impact Political Systems The people were angry because their needs were not being honored by the council. All of their ideas were getting rejected and they needed someone to look to The Chateau Clique was similar to the Family Compact, which existed in Upper Canada but the important difference was that it was attempting to Anglicize Lower Canada. Introduction of the Chateau Clique The Clique worked to eliminate the French Civil Law and replace it with the more familiar British system or laws. The Clique was lead by English speaking merchants who had been able to squeeze the French Canadians out of political power and take control of both the executive and legislative councils. Laws and legislation were passed in favor of the English merchants community. By 1822 the Clique was backing a program which would result in the uniting of Upper and Lower Canada with the intention of swallowing up the French Canadian culture, language and heritage in a large English majority society. Faizaan Shajani
Wednesday, November, 21st 2012 The French-Canadian majority, strove to initiate a responsible government system, which would allow the majority of French Canadians a say in their own lives, as well as guaranteeing that their culture and language would be preserved.
However, The Chateau Clique held more control over the political decisions. Political Systems Timber demand increases and more employment opportunities are available. People will look for jobs and will join the growing number of suppliers. The reformers wanted to ensure the cultural survival of the French Canadian majority. They would do this by, providing them with real political power (Defining Canada, Nick Brune, pg214). Political Systems The Assembly, following The War of 1812, was dominated by the representatives of the French Canadian middle class, who, developed a national awareness and sought to seize power from the Roman Catholic Church, in areas such as education. The Anglophone merchant class was expanding its economic base because of the rapid growth in the timber industry, the French Canadian middle class wanted to seize power from this merchant class as well.
Louis-Joseph Papineau led the nationalists. "They demanded the right to determine how all of the revenues raised within the colony were spent, challenged the authority of the appointed upper house or Legislative Council, and sought control over the provincial civil service, including the advisory body to the governor, the Executive Council"(The Canadian Encyclopedia, Rebellions of 1837). During the 1820s these demands were resisted by the government.
In the early 1830s there was extensive economic distress, unemployment became widespread during 1837. This period is also referred to as the Great Depression.This was "fueled by a rapidly worsening agricultural crisis which brought many French Canadian habitants to the verge of starvation"(The Canadian Encyclopedia, Rebellions of 1837).
On November seventh, English and French sides clashed in Montreal. The governor tried to have Papineau arrested because, he was afraid that he might fire up all of the habitants to rebel. The british faced little problems defeating the patriots waiting at St. Charles. The British declared martial law in the colony, As a Result of the rebellion in lower Canada,
Papineau and his party won the 1834 election, from this 92 resolutions were passed which criticized the oligarchic system of government, demanded that colonial revenues be controlled by the elected assembly, that the forming of the executive council be responsible to the assembly and that the assembly elect the council.
However these requests were not honored even though Papineau won by a landslide, the governor, Lord Gosford, would not allow the to assemble. instead he appealed directly to the voters. The rebel leaders fled to the United States Political Systems As a result of this, they favored English ideas over those from French-Canadians. Although the ideas from the french-canadians may be better and the smarter ones to make, the Chateau were trying to get the French- canadians out of power and to make the system more British. Change in Change in Change in Change in Bibliography
Cranny, Michael William. Horizons: Canada's Emerging Identity. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 2009. Print.
"Rebellions of 1837." - The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012. <http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/rebellions-of-1837>.
Brune, Nick. "Chapter 9." Defining Canada: History, Identity, and Culture. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2003. 207-23. Print.
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