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History of Agriculture

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Colton Miller

on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of History of Agriculture

History of American Agriculture
Late 1800s
1881- Hybridized corn produced

1890- It now takes 40-50 labor-hours to produce 100 bushels of wheat using gang plow, seeder, harrow, binder, thresher, wagons, and horses

1892- The first gasoline tractor is built by John Froelich
Mid-to Late 1800s
1854- Self-governing windmill perfected

1858- Mason Jars, which were used for home canning, were invented

1868- Steam tractors are put into use

1870- Silos and deep-well drilling come into use
Early to Mid-1800s
1834- McCormick reaper patented

1837- John Deere begins to manufacture steel plows

184O- Factory-made agricultural machinery increases farmers' need for cash which encourages commercial farming

1842- First grain elevator built in Buffalo, NY
Early 1900s
1905- The first business devoted exclusively to making tractors is established

1918- Small prairie-type combine with auxiliary engine introduced

1920- Farm production gradually grows from expanded use of mechanized power
Early to Mid-1900s
1928- Successful light tractors developed

1930- One farmer supplies on average 9.8 Americans

1930- It now takes 15-20 labor-hours to produce 100 bushels of wheat using 3-bottom plow, tractor, 10-foot tandem disk, harrow, 12-foot combine, and grain trucks

1941- Frozen foods popularized
Early 1800s
1801- Thomas Moore of Maryland invents the icebox refrigerator

1819- Jethro Wood patents iron plow with interchangeable parts

1830- It takes about 250-300 labor-hours to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat with walking plow, bush harrow, hand seeding, sickle, and flail
Beginning of America
Late 1700s
1793- Eli Whitney's cotton gin invented

1794- Thomas Jefferson's plow with moldboard of least resistance tested

1797-Charles Newbold patents the first cast-iron plow
Early 1700s
Oxen and horses were used for power. Farmers used crude wooden plows, planted by hand, and tilled by hoe. Hay and grain were cut with hand sickle, and threshing was done with flail.

Oxen were mostly used for farm work
Hay and grain were cut with a sickle
The invention of the cotton gin boosted the production of cotton in the South.
McCormick's reaper
First grain elevator
Steam tractors were used not only for field work, but for powering threshers, which were belt-driven
The icebox refrigerator would have looked like this
Whether used for a water well, or for decoration these windmills are still around today
The gasoline tractor in its early stages
Hybridized corn changed how much yield came out of each harvest
A combine around the 1920s looked like this
A type of light tractor, mostly for small farms
Frozen foods were very popular
Late 1900s
1970- No-tillage agriculture popularized

1987- It now takes 3 labor-hours to produce 100 bushels of wheat using tractor, 35-foot sweep disk, 30-foot drill, 25-foot self-propelled combine, and grain trucks

1990- One farmer supplies on average 100 Americans

No-tillage agriculture is still used today
Mid-to Late 1900s
1950- One farmer supplies on average 15.5 Americans

1954- The number of tractors on farms outnumber horses and mules for the first time

1965- It now takes 5 labor-hours to produce 100 bushels (now 3 acres) of wheat using tractor, 12-foot plow, 14-foot drill, 14-foot self-propelled combine, and grain trucks
Tractors outnumbered horses for the first time
Early America
Native Americans plant different types of crops, such as maize, using crude hand tools made of stone and wood.
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