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Greek and Roman Mythology
Transcript of Greek and Roman Mythology
also known as Hercules
was a product of Zeus's affair with Alkmene.
As an infant, he showed how strong he was.
When Hera sent a pair of giant snakes, the baby promptly strangled them.
very popular in greek mythology. Oedipus:
Named Oedipus because his feet were deformed by the nail wound.
"Oedipus complex" is a boys desire to complete with his father and sleep with his mother.
Greek King of Thebes
He fulfilled a prophecy that he said he would kill his father and marry his mother.
Oedipus was the son of Laius and Jocasta, king and queen of Thebes.
Little Oedipus/Oidipous is named after the swelling from the injuries to his feet and ankles.
To protect himself Laius places his 3 yr old son Oedipus on a mountainside to die.
A shephard finds him still alive and gives him to Polybus, the childress king of Corinth, and his wife Merope and they treated him as their own.
He ends up killing his own father out of road rage.
He marries the queen, his real mother.
THey had 2 sons and 2 daughters.
Son of mortal Peleus
Hero of Homersilliad
Mother tried to make immortal.
She left him unattended, and his father sent him to centaur Chiron
Mother held him by his ankle and dipped him in water. His ankle was untouched and unprotected.
•King of Phrygia
•Son of Cybele and Gordius
Everything that he touched turned gold because that is what he wished for. He almost starved to death because even his food turned gold, but he got the wish reversed.
As a punishment for saying Pan played better music than Apollo, Apollo gave him donkey’s ears. He covered them up with a turban and only the barber knew. However, the barber told the secret to the hole in the earth which wispers the secrets whenever the wind blows.
One of the most celebrating gods of Greece also known as Dionysus.
God of wine and ecstasy and the male life-force, a masculine fertility god.
son of Zeus and Semele
The legendary leader of Greek forces during Torjan War.
-Married Clytemnestra against her will.
•Legendary leader of Greek forces during Trojan war.
•Married Clytemnestra against her will
Some cases he kills her first husband and baby to marry her.
•Three children- Iphigeneia, Electra, Chrysothemis
•Aegishus killed Agamemnon after returning home
•Soul lives in Hades
In Greek mythology, Pandora was the first woman.
Each God creater her by giving her unique gifts. Her other name is: Anesidora.
The myth is a kind of theodicy, addressing the question of why there is evil in the world.
She was also the first woman made out of clay
Hero is Trojan War
Created the idea of the trojan horse
God's were mad at him & blamed him for the Fall of Troy.
Son of Laertes.
considered most clever hero.
protected by Athena, goddess of wisdom.
One of Helen's suitors.
Married Helen's cousin Penelope. Antigone:
Went with her father into exile in attica
She was sentenced to death because she didn’t accept Creon’s treatment of her brother.
Creon would be cursed if he killed her so he left her tomb open.
She hung herself so she wouldn’t die from starvation.
Haemon killed himself because he was engaged to Antigone.
Eurydice killed herself because she was Haemon’s mother.
Creon was the only one left to live the curse out that Tiresias gave him.
Leda and the Swan
a motif from Greek mythology in which Zeus came to Leda in he form of a swan.
Leda had Helen and Polyaluces, children of Zeus while at the same time bearing Castor and Clytemnestra, kids of her husband Tyndareus, the kind of Sparta.
Zeus took the form of a swan and raped/seduced Leda on the same night she slept with her husband. She laid two eggs from which the children hatched.
The Trojan War Hector:
Son of king Priam of Troy
Trojan hero and warrior, Trojan’s greatest champ
Noble and honorable leader
Achilles killed him Paris:
Left to die on a mountain
Found by shephards.
Misfortune of being chosen by gods as a judge & had to pick the most beautiful of Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera.
After winning athletic competition,he was accepted to be the King's son again.
Took Helen from Menelaus.
“face that launched 1000 ships”
Daughter of Leda
was kidnapped by Tesus and Pirthous and raped because they wanted to make love to Zeus’ daughter.
Helen’s brother and half brother rescue her and take Aethra and Pirithous as slaves
She returned to Sparta and attracted manysuitors.
Tyhdareus chose Menelaus
Was promised by Paris that she was the most beautiful even though Aphrodite was chosen
Odysseus is trying to get into Troy
Makes a wooden horse and made it hollow so soldiers could hide in it.
Sinon was left behind and acted mad at Greeks and tricked them and said the horse was safe.
Troy celebrated but that night the Greeks went out and slaughtered the Trojans
The Oresteia Fall of Troy:
Calchas, a Greek seer, told them Troy won’t fall until Neoptolemus, son of Achilles joins the war.
Calchas said bow and arrows of Heracles must be brought to Troy
Greeks managed to persuade seer to reveal weakness of Troy
Troy would not fall while the Palladium, image or statue of Athena remained within Troy’s walls.
Odysseus and Diomedes stole the Palladium and Troy fell.
•Son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.
•Subject of several ancient greek plays.
•Connected with his madness and purification.
•In Homeric story, member of doomed indese of Atreus.
•Sister of Orestes
•Also daughter of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon.
•Orestes and her plotted revenge against their mother.
•Main character in Greek tragedies Electra.