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Copy of "A Doll's House" Interactive Oral Group Presentations
Transcript of Copy of "A Doll's House" Interactive Oral Group Presentations
- seen as a bridge between romanticism and elements that are popular within 20th century works
Groups of middle class women began campaigning Wanted access to higher edcation and better professions Married women's property rights to husband Reform of male sexual conduct Population rose from 1.3 million to over 2 million from 1845 to 1871 Population increase caused by Industrial revolution - More resources available
- Standard of living increased from Norway
rural to urban In the late 1800's , Norway formed a union with Sweden
This allows Norway to focus on developement and industry
Sweden believes that it is the senior partner in the relationship ( conquest )
Issues between the two countries occur
Nationalism , flag colour , ruler of countries etc.
NORWAY ASK FOR EQUAL DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATION.
SWEDEN REFUSES ! THIS LEADS TO AN END OF THIS UNION
- Major affect on womens roles in society Social Classes of Women High Class: Stayed at home - Broke away from society's expectations
- A Doll's House diverged from Romanticism
- A Doll's House was largely criticized
- Alternative ending
Did not find jobs outside of their home Middle Class: Maids Housekeepers Paid workers Patriarchal Society - Characteristics in literature during the Victorian Era:
Social Status Men played the dominant role Middle class created by industrial revolution Social idea of "working man" & "stay at home wife" Meritocratic Society - Social roles assigned to individuals Men were the absolute authoritarian figure Husband had complete control over family
Social Challenging Society's Norms Nora's correct political action is socially unacceptable
= > TRAGEDY
Relationship between Nora and Mrs. Linde "You have still got the Tarantella in your blood, I see. And it makes you more captivating than ever" - Torvald, page 65 Nora = Selfish
Nora's traits which resemble that of a hero , shows that "Happy" ending is absurd "That our life together would be a real wedlock. Goodbye...(The sound of a door shutting is heard from below)" - Nora, page 80 Relationship between Nora and Torvald Romanticism Idealism Henrik Ibsen diverged from the romanticism and idealism that was popular during the era Politically , Nora's decision would not yield many beneits.The cruelty of the world is depicted through the other characters. Politics and feud with Sweden "You have never loved me. You have only thought it pleasant to be in love with me" (Nora, Act III, 63). "From this moment happiness is not the question; all that concerns us is to save the remains, the fragments, the appearance" (Helmer, Act III, 60). Women Independence Political power :
"Hasn't a daughter the right to protect her dying father from worry and anxiety? Hasn't a wife the right to save her husband's life? I don't know much about the law, but I'm quite certain that it must say somewhere that things like that are allowed."
( Nora , Act I ) "How kind you are, Nora, to be so anxious to help me! It is doubly kind of you, for you know so little of the burdens and troubles of life" (Christine, Act I, 11). "To be able to be free from care, quite free from care; to be able to play and romp with the children; to be able to keep the house beautifully and have everything just as Torvald likes it!"
( Nora , Act I ) Europe "If I'm ever to reach any understanding of myself and the things around me, I must learn to stand alone. That's why I can't stay here with you any longer."
( Nora , Act III ) "I have existed merely to perform tricks for you, Torvald. But you wanted it like that. You and father have committed a great sin against me. It is your fault that I have made nothing of my life. our home has been nothing but a playroom. I have been your doll-wife, just as at home I was father's doll-child" (Nora, Act III). "Yes - some day, perhaps, after many years, when I am no longer as pretty as I am now. Don't laugh at me! I mean, of course, when Torvald is no longer as devoted to me as he is now; when my dancing and dressing-up and reciting have palled on him then it may be a good thing to have something in reserve" (Nora, Act I). "My sons are growing up; for their sake I must try and win back as much respect as I can in the town. This post in the Bank was like the first step up for me--and now your husband is going to kick me downstairs again into the mud" (Krogstad, Act I) "Still it was tremendous fun sitting there working and earning money. It was almost like being a man." - Nora, pg. 162 - Christine mirrors Nora
- She needs to rely on Torvald in order to function in society
- Nora leaves
- Foreshadows her return --> parallel society's pressure to rewrite the play