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Transcript of Information Flow
The Information Age
Technology has become a part of life
Unintended Consequences of Technology
What is information technology?
Any computer-based tool that people use to work with and support the information & information- processing needs of an organization.
Example: Cell phone or tablet, desktop, large business networks.
Within an organization, information flows in 4 basic directions...
Ethics - the principles & standards that guide our actions towards others
Ethics are more subjective than laws, as they are a matter of personal or cultural interpretation
Describes current state of the organization based on daily transactions
Strategies, goals, and orders start at the top and flow down to the bottom to be put into action.
Types of Info
Information is communicated from and to:
Information that flows between business units & teams
Every business unit aware of others' processes
Hardware - physical devices that make up a computer
Example: Cell phone
Input device - tool you use to enter info & commands
Output device - tool you use to see, hear, or otherwise recognize the results of your info processing requests (ex.: printer)
Storage Device - tool you use to store info at a later time (ex.: thumb drive)
Connecting Device - things you would use cords to connect to (ex.: connecting your PC to a printer using USB port)
Hardware that interprets and executes the system and application software instructions and coordinates the operation of all hardware
RAM - temporary holding area for the information you're working with as well as the system & application software instructions that the CPU currently needs
Tool you use to send information to and receive it from another person or computer within a network
The set of instructions that your hardware executes to carry out a specific task for you
Example: Microsoft Office
Enables you to solve specific problems and perform specific tasks
Example: Payroll Software
Handles tasks specific technology management and coordinates the interactions of all tech devices
Example: Mac OS software
Quality of Information
Quality is a critical element of data, information, & BI
Pertinent, useful, relevant
Attributes that help define quality
We must go beyond our skill set to gain a competitive advantage
We must consider our social responsibilities
Ethical decision-making can be complex
Present-day technology allows for greater speed of access, distribution and information use
Graph depicts the relationship between ethical and legal acts
Broken up into two aspects : How & When
How to apply technology
Knowing which technology to purchase
How to exploit the benefits of application software
What infrastructure is required to connect businesses with each other
When to apply technology
Technology is NOT a panacea
There are many cases when technology is not the answer
Being technology literate helps you understand when and when not to use technology
Vincent Doyle, Matt Harrington, Lisa Mendez, Simone Tanimaru, Victor Vazquez, Haili Welton
November 6th, 2014