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5 themes of Geography: The Americas

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Maryam Siddiqui

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of 5 themes of Geography: The Americas

By: Maryam Siddiqui Location Place Interaction Movement The Maya Region The Americas: 5 Themes of Geography The Maya The Aztec The Incas The Maya The Aztec The Inca The Aztec The Inca The Aztec The Maya The Inca The Maya The Aztec The Inca Bibliography The exact location of where the Maya lived is 20°40'N, 88°34'W which would be in Mexico They lived on the Yucatan Peninsula and were in the center of Guatemala Since they settled in Central America, they were between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea and also between Mexico and South America Relative Location The exact location of where the Aztec lived is 19°26'N, 99°8'W which would be in Mexico Relative Location: They lived in Mexico which is close to the Tropic of Cancer The exact location of where the Inca lived is 13°31'S, 71°58'W, which is in Peru Tropic of Cancer Gulf of Mexico Yucatan Peninsula Relative Location: The Inca were west of the Pacific Ocean and their empire was right on the equator Pacific Ocean Equator Physical Features (all natural):
-hot weather
-dry season
-rainy reason
-volcanic mountains Cultural Features (all man-made):
-the system of writing (hieroglyphics)
-their inventions and innovations (astronomy, calender, and math)

Physical Features (all natural):
-cooler weather
-much rainfall
-rich mud This map goes with the theme because it shows the location of where the Inca lived. This map goes with the theme because it shows the location of where the Maya lived. This map goes with the theme because it shows the location of where the Inca lived. Inca Empire Cultural Features (all man-made):
-created a 365-day calender to know when to plant/harvest food
-cities (Tenochtitlan)
-barter instead of currency
-made temples for gods Physical Features (all natural):
-cool weather
-sunshine and rain
-less oxygen due to high altitude
-the potato Cultural Features (all man-made):
-cities (the capital, Cuzco)
-made temples (mostly for Inti) People were hunters and gatherers first
-Hunted wild animals like deer Used slash-and-burn method
-but had weak soil
-then planted with stick
-main food grown was corn(maize)

Made calender to know what time to plant

Painted and sculpted

Wore thin clothing(cotton) because of hot weather

Used wells (were natural) grew corn (maize) and other plants like tomato, sweet potato, and cotton

created chinampas (man-made islands)

built irrigation systems for crops

Tenochitlan was built in the middle of Lake Texcoco on an island

Used aqueducts to get water from mountains because the water in the lake was too salty Inca people had bigger lungs

grew potatoes, maize, and cotton using terrace farming and irrigation

they mined (gold and silver)

built MANY roads and suspension bridges

had a relay system

used barter hjhj Land bridges formed and because of that people walked from Asia to Alaska, and from Alaska to South America

Maya traveled by canoe on rivers and the Caribbean Sea

Maya exported goods to Mexico, like chocolate and cotton because they wanted to trade with them

Beginning of 900, the Maya left their cities and moved to the Yucatan Peninsula, maybe because of natural disasters or environmental factors. Near 1200, Aztecs migrated and settled in Valley of Mexico

Aztecs traveled by canoe (in Lake Texcoco)

Made a causeway from mainland to island so people could come in and out (at a safe time)

Many people traveled to marketplace in Tenochtitlan
- were MANY buyers and sellers Inca expanded from Cuzco in the 1400s because they wanted to enlarge their empir

movement made Inca famous

suspension bridges let people cross low valleys Inca began to expand from Cuzco in the 1400s because they wanted to make their empire larger

From Peru, the potato spread to other places like Ireland, Poland, ad Russia

Movement made the Inca famous because of the many roads in their empire

The suspension bridges they made, let people cross deep valleys to go in or out of some place The Inca had the largest empire in the world by 1492

They covered a vast region in South America about 3,000 miles

Empire covered parts of many countries

Based in Andes mountains (worlds second highest mountain range)

extended to coast of the Pacific Ocean The Valley of Mexico (where the Aztec first settled) was a basin surrounded by volcanoes

Lie in the Tropics where it is pretty hot

Mexico (where Aztec lived) lies on the "Ring of Fire" where much volcanic activity occurs Settled down in Central America

Lived in rainforest

Only civilization that grew in rainforest

Lived in lowlands of Guatemala

And lived in the Tropics Alyssa. "Ancient Mayan Civilization". August 26, 2011. February 4, 2013. http://mexicotoday.org/article/ancient-mayan-civilization-will-world-really-end-2012-0 Images, Daily. "Daily Images | Aztecs". June 20, 2012. February 4, 2013. http://northcyprusfreepress.com/entertainment/art-music/daily-images-aztecs/ Cunningham. "Inca Map". n.d. February 2, 2013. http://mcespanish.wikispaces.com/Cunningham Everac. "Latitude and Longitude of Mayan Aztec and Incan Civilizations". n.d. February 2, 2013. http://mexicotoday.org/article/ancient-mayan-civilization-will-world-really-end-2012-0http://mexicotoday.org/article/ancient-mayan-civilization-will-world-really-end-2012-0 Palmer Class. "Aztec". n.d. February 2, 2013. http://palmerclass2010-2011.wikispaces.com/Aztec Lineback, Neal. "Geography in the News: Demise of the Maya". Dec 30, 2012. Feb 2, 2013. http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2012/12/30/geography-in-the-news-demise-of-the-maya/ . "Inca". n.d. February 4, 2013. http://www.garvandwane.com/evolution/inca.html "The Aztecs". n.d. February 6, 2013. http://www.sbceo.k12.ca.us/~vms/carlton/Renaissance/Aztecs/aztecs1.htm Lee, Allen. "Slash-and-Burn". n.d. February 6, 2013. http://newswatch.nationalgeographic.com/2012/01/31/jaguars-battling-in-the-darkness-sense-of-place-in-the-peruvian-amazon/peruvian-amazon-cut-2/ Pictures "Geopolitics of Northern Mexico". n.d. Feb 8, 2013. http://www.fpri.org/enotes/201011.danelo.mexico.html "Maya Sites". n.d. Feb 8, 2013. http://www.bu.edu/holmul/fieldschool/yucat_sites_SM.jpg "Peru Facts". n.d. Feb 8, 2013.
http://www.compassion.com/about/where/peru.htm "Potato Lover". August 7, 2012. February 7, 2013. http://www.funnypica.com/top-25-funny-pictures-of-animals/funny-cat-this-is-my-potato-2/ "Mayan Canoes". May 27, 2010. February 7, 2013. http://thisiscozumel.com/content/view/983/2/ "Aztec". n.d. February 7, 2013. http://housedenali.wikispaces.com/Aztec+Economy Stratton, Jessica. "Inca Transportation and Trade". 2011. February 6, 2013. http://jessica14.myweb.usf.edu/ Was so loved that even a cat didn't want to let it go REGION REGION REGION http://www.performance-education.com/ .The Maya, the Aztec, and Inca: Medieval & Earlt Moern Times 500 A.D. to 1789. Performance Educatin. 2003. Revised April 2005. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING!!!!!

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