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Ancient China's Beliefs
Transcript of Ancient China's Beliefs
Taoism (pronounced Daoism) is the belief that people should be in harmony with nature. The word "Tao" literally means "way" "path" or "principle". The founder of Taoism is Laozi.
Yin and Yang
The Yin and Yang is a very important
symbol to the followers of Taoism. The Yin
and Yang stands for the inseparable opposites of life. Some examples are male and female, light and dark, young and old. The small circles in the middle represent that these opposites compliment each other and that neither one is better than the other.
Legalism followers believed that the government is more important than anyone else.
The Qin dynasty stressed legalism.
“Being deeply loved by someone gives you strength, while loving someone deeply gives you courage."
The strict following of laws and use of bureaucracy is known as Legalism. Legalism taught that people obeyed their rulers out of fear, not out of respect. Under a system of Legalism, people who obey receive rewards. Those who do not obey are punished.
In Ancient China, there were 4 main beliefs that people followed. All of these came about during the Warring States Period.
Mandate of Heaven
Mandate of Heaven
The Mandate of heaven was the belief that China's rulers were appointed by gods. The belief in the Mandate of Heaven was passed down from father to son, and created dynasties.
The Mandate of Heaven is based on four principles:
1. The right to rule is granted by Heaven.
2. There is only one Heaven therefore there can be only one ruler.
3. The right to rule is based on the virtue of the ruler.
4. The right to rule is not limited to one dynasty.
The founder of Confucianism is Confucius. Confucius was a very wise teacher and thinker. Two of Confucius's many teachings are as followed.
Filial Piety was Confucius's idea that children should respect their older family members.
Bureaucracy was Confucius's theory that people who run the government should be well educated.
"Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life."
By Greer and Savannah