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The Textile Industry in Japan
Transcript of The Textile Industry in Japan
MS Candidate in Merchandising, 2011
April 14, 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami About Japan Population : 127,360,000 (10th, 2010 estimate)
Currency : 1USD=81.6 Yen
Ethnic group : 98.5 % Japanese
Producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, ships, chemicals, and textiles.
Nominal GDP : 5,067,526 millions of USD (2nd largest economy)
(World bank, 2008) Economic Status - GDP Economic Status – Per Capita (United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report, 2009) Economic Status - HDI United Nations Development Program's Human Development Report, 2009)
Spinning Industries Overall fiber production : 835 m.t
Synthetic fiber production : 682 m.t, 2% in the world. (2009)
Spun yarn production : 142 m.t.(2008) Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, 2009)
Estimated future market scale :
at least 60,000 tons in 2015 ( About 1.5 times of 2010)
Though enterprises have been forced to move their base of production general-purpose products overseas and reduce their scale, most of them are still in the market (69%). Consumption per capita : 22 kg
Competitive factors : high-value-added materials such as carbon fiber and aramid fibers. Fabric, Dyeing, Sewing and Knitting Industries
Woven fabric production : 1554 million sq.m (2008).
Knitted fabric production : 819,000t (2008).
Apparel production : 20,053.4 million USD (2005). Most enterprises have very small to medium scales and are mainly engaged in entrusted processing.
Some global SPAs (integrating manufacture and retailing) such as UNIQLO are rising. In the apparel field, less expensive imports from China have increased and represent a major proportion of merchandise. Overseas, consumers have positive image of Japanese casual wear and designer’s clothing. However, branding and overseas development (including exports) of Japanese fashion are not progressing swiftly. Employment :
- Workers in the production area are aging.
- Manufacturers depend on foreign workers.
- Shortages of trainees and skilled trainees.
- In particular, midstream enterprises are facing a serious deterioration of human resources.
Competitive factor : high-level skills and positive development of channels Consumption of Clothes and Footwear : 160,000 yen (2008).
Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications 2010)
Import and Export Employment Wages? Number of people employed? The average employment of hourly wage : 11.38 USD (Nikkei Bank, 2008)
Textile Labor Cost : $30.81 per hr (Werner, 2008)
Number of establishments : 52,858
Number of people employed : 423,861 Contribution The textile industry was one of the first Japanese industries to develop and support the economic growth of Japan. In 1987, it was a leading industry through exports. Exports of Japanese textile industry have decreased. In particular, production sharply decreased after Lehman Shock.
Global cost-reduction competition from emerging countries.
Imbalance of import and export.
Long, and complicated supply chain.
Declining employment. Challenges Production Indices (compared 2005=100) Changes
-exhibitions, JAPAN BRAND Strategy Development Assistance Project, and so on.
-to promote collaborations among small entrepreneurs. Domestic demand -> Focusing on Asian market
Tries to broaden range of textile material fields such as environment and health fields expanding out of apparel industry. Foreign Investment Cumulative foreign investment in Japan (since 1950) totaled $37,918 million
-US firms 41% and manufacturing sector 40% (1995)
Foreign investment is far less than in other developed countries.
Japanese investment to developing countries : 39.6%, Asia’s share 57% (1997) Economic Integration OECD Economic relations of Japan. (n.d). Retrieved from Economic relations of Japan. Wiki : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economic_relations_of_Japan#Foreign_Investment
HDI (n.d.) .Retrieved from HDI wiki :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2008). Retrieved from http://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/mono_info_service/index.html
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/asem/index.html
n.d. (2004.November 1). Textile Industry Overview. Retrieved from http://en.j-cast.com/2004/11/01000091.html
n.d. (2008, March 17). Hourly wage in Japan. Retrieved from http://www.dannychoo.com/post/en/1406/Hourly+Wage+in+Japan.html
Japan. (n.d.) .Retrieved from Japan wiki : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan
Japan Chemical Fiber Associations. (2009). Statistics of Japanese textiles. Retrieved from http://www.jcfa.gr.jp/english/6-statistics.html
Japan Chemical Fiber Associations. (2010. April 26). Chemical Fiber Industry in Japan. Retrieved from http://www.jcfa.gr.jp/english/cfij/chemical_fiber_industry_in_japan.pdf
Japan Clothing Industry (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.apparelsearch.com/world_clothing_industry/japan/japan.htm
Japan – Foreign Investment. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oceania/Japan-FOREIGN-INVESTMENT.html
Tada, Hiroyuki. (2003) .Development of corporate social responsibility (CSR) management systems In Japan. Retrieved from http://www.via3.net/pooled/articles/BF_DOCART/view.asp?Q=BF_DOCART_102601
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Asia-European Meeting ASEM APEC FTA EPA Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Free Trade Agreement- India(2010).
(Singapore, Mexico, Malaysia, Chile, and Thai) Economic Partnership Agreement (ASEAN, Australia, Chile, South Korea, and Switzerland)
Fiber technologies have contributed to the diversification of enterprises (in plastic and IT materials, medical and so on). Thank you http://www.jfw.jp/en/