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Martin Luther King Jr.
Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.
Hate is too great a burden to bear." Martin Luther King Jr. Early Life The Fight for Change The End. Born on January 15th, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia to his father, a Reverend, Martin Luther King Sr. and his mother, Alberta Williams-King. Martin Luther King Jr. started reading the teachings of Muhatma Ghandi and believed that the same non-violence tactics could be used to gain civil rights for black people in America. Martin Luther King Jr. then helped organize the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963. Martin Luther King Jr. had received numerous death threats over the years. Had an older sister Willie Christine King and a younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams-King. At age 13, Martin refused to accept the bread at communion during Sunday school. Martin Luther King Jr. attended Booker T. Washington High School in Atlanta, GA. Skipped 9th and 12th grade and started at Morehouse College when he was just 15 years old, before he formally graduated from Booker T. Washington High. Graduated from Morehouse College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Sociology. From there, King went on to attend Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. In 1951 he graduated with Bachelor in Divinity degree. On June 18, 1953 King married Coretta Scott in Heiberger, Alabama on the lawn of her parent's home. They had 4 children: Yolanda King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice King. "Through our pain we will make them see their injustices" - Ghandi King was especially moved by these words. King became a pastor in Montgomery, Alabama. It was no surprise that buses were segregated as they were in most of southern USA. Rosa Parks, a tailor's assistant, refused to let a white man have her seat on a bus in Montgomery and was arrested. After the arrest, Martin Luther King Jr. and his friends, Ralph David Abernathy, Edgar Nixon, and Bayard Rustin organized protests against the bus segregation. Black people refused to use the bus system until all passengers were integrated. King was arrested and his house was fire-bombed. Others involved in the protests were subject to harassment. For over a year 17 000 people walked to work in Montgomery. Due to the lack of business, the Montgomery Bus Company agreed to integration of it's passengers and the boycott ended. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAkingML.htm The march began at the Washington Monument and ended at the Lincoln Memorial. http://www.lasentinel.net/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6766:the-1963-march-on-washington&catid=79&Itemid=169 250,000 people attended the march. At the March, Martin Luther King Jr. delivered the now famous I Have a Dream speech. After the March, King met with John F. Kennedy at the White House. Kennedy was assassinated 3 months later. The March was not significant immediately, but took awhile for people to see the importance of the March on Washington, the significance was more evident in later years as changes in society became more prevalent. Martin Luther King Jr. went on to speak out on matters and became know for being a legendary speaker. After JFK was assassinated, King said to his wife, Coretta, "This is what is going to happen to me also. I keep telling you, this is a sick society." In February, Martin Luther King Jr. went to Memphis, Tennessee in support of the African American sanitation workers while they were on strike. On April 3rd, Martin returned to Memphis for a gathering at the Mason Temple. King delivered his last speech there, which is now known as "I've Been to the Mountaintop." During his stay, Martin Luther King Jr. stayed at the Lorraine Motel in room 306. On April 4th, 1968 at 6:01 p.m. King was out on the balcony of the Motel where a .30 bullet struck him. The bullet entered through his right cheek, breaking his jaw, neck, and several vertebrae as it traveled down his spinal cord. Martin Luther King Jr. was rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital, doctors performed manual heart massage but King did not regain consciousness and was pronounced dead at 7:05 p.m. James Earl Ray was captured 2 months after King's death at London Heathrow Airport trying to leave the UK on a fake Canadian passport as Ramon George Sneyd. According to Taylor Branch, King's last words were to Ben Branch, "Ben, make sure you play 'Take my Hand, Precious Lord" in the meeting tonight. Play it real pretty." He was extradited to Tennessee and charged with the murder of Martin Luther King Jr. Ray was sentenced to a 99-year prison term.