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Transcript of The Renaissance
Today we are learning about the origins of the Italian Renaissance
Crossroads of trade
"All roads lead to Rome"
Characteristics of the Ren:
Secular Urban society (City-states)
Age of Recovery
New view of human ability & worth
Renaissance means "rebirth"
Rebirth of what?
Different from the Middle Ages in intellectual and cultural terms
Art & Architecture!
Leonardo da Vinci
The ultimate Renaissance Man
Important City-States of the Renaissance
City State Populations
Italian Trade Routes – Notice the impact on Italy
Center of art, literature, and culture.
Florence became wealthy from the manufacturing of wool.
Later Florence became the banking center of Italy.
The Medici family were the greatest bankers in Florence.
Ruled Florence, 13th - 17th Centuries
Aimed to make Florence the most beautiful city in the world – Became Patrons of the Arts.
Commissioned artist (incl. da Vinci, Raphael & Michelangelo)
Lorenzo (The Magnificent) –
created peace among Italian
states, ended w/his death,
2 years later FR invades
Home of the Catholic Church
famous artists and architects to beautify Rome. Michelangelo,
Raphael, and Botticelli all produced major works in Rome.
The popes employed the best artists and architects of the Renaissance to build and decorate the most opulent churches in the world.
Michelangelo designed the finest example of Renaissance architecture in Rome, the Piazza del Campidoglio (left). He also designed the dome of St. Peter’s Basilica (right).
Venice was the wealthiest city-state of the Renaissance.
It was a port city on the Mediterranean.
Venice maintained hundreds of merchant ships and warships, and thousands of sailors.
Genoa is located on the Mediterranean.
Genoa was one of two main port cities in Italy during the Renaissance.
Genoa was one of the wealthiest city-states of the Renaissance.
Dominated trade in the Mediterranean
Milan dominated the inland trade routes because it was the gateway to Italy from the north.
Milan is the site of Santa Maria delle Grazie, the cathedral where Leonardo da Vinci painted The Last Supper in the dining hall.
IT philosopher, diplomat, poet,
Best known for The Prince – realist politics
Rulers should behave like a lion (aggressive and powerful) and at other times like a fox (cunning and practical)
“The Ends Justify the Means”
“It was better to be feared than to be loved”
All this done to keep peace and stabilize power
1st to publicly suggest immoral behavior for govt stability
Strict Class society
Nobility – most powerful, but smallest group
Strict rules and expectations
Born not made or earned
Wide range of wealth, from rich to poor
Provide goods & services
Peasants – weakest, but largest group
More freedoms as serfdom decreased
Mainly lived in rural areas, so were least impacted by Renaissance
The least you need to know:
Why the Renaissance started in Italy
How city-states became powerful
Powerful rulers/families of the Renaissance
Let's see how your new knowledge can be applied
*Stop at 3:00