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Schizophrenia

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by

Analiz Henriquez

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia Analiz Henriquez
&
Astrid Toribio Parts of the Brain Affected Reduced volume of gray matter in the brain
Temporal and Frontal lobes
Damage begins in the parietal, or outer, regions of the brain Frontal Lobe- associated with reasoning, planning, parts of speech, movement, emotions, and problem solving
Parietal Lobe- associated with movement, orientation, recognition, perception of stimuli
Temporal Lobe- associated with perception and recognition of auditory stimuli, memory, and speech Functions of Areas Affected Passed on by genetics
40-50% chance if identical twin has the disease
10% chance if imediate family has the disease
1% chance random public Causes of Schizophrenia Prognosis 30% Full Recovery
30% Recurring Episodes
30% Deteriorate Treatment Hospitalization
Rehabilitation
Individual Psychotherapy
Family Education
Self-Help Groups
Antipsychotic Medication
Affects
•Dizziness
•Feelings of restlessness or "jitters" •Sleepiness (sedation)
•Slowed movements
•Tremor
•Weight gain Schizophrenia A mental disorder that makes it hard to
• Tell the difference between what is real and not real
• Think clearly
• Have normal emotional responses
• Act normally in social situations Symptoms First Signs
•Irritable or tense feeling
•Trouble concentrating
•Trouble sleeping
After Development
•Bizarre behaviors
•Hearing or seeing things that are not there (hallucinations)
•Isolation
•Lack of emotion (flat affect)
•Problems paying attention•Strongly held beliefs that are not real (delusions)•Thoughts that "jump" between different topics
Diagnosis No medical Tests
See psychiatrist
Questions Asked:
How long the symptoms have lasted?
How the ability to function has changed?
Developmental background
Genetic and family history
How well medications have worked?
Types of schizophrenia Reduction in external & interest
Emotions lack depth & ideation is simple
reduction in mental activity
retreat to a simpler or stereotyped behavior Disorganized Displays & inappropriate emotional responses
Foolish &bizarre behavior
Hallucinations & delusions
Catatonic Striking motor behavior
almost complete immobility
Mutism &Extreme compliance
Absence of involuntary action Paranoid Usually comes at a later age
Delusions of & Grandeur
Hallucinations
Simple or Undifferentiated Specific Symptoms Paranoid schizophrenia:
•Anxiety
•Anger or arguing
•False beliefs that others are trying to harm you or your loved ones
Disorganized schizophrenia:
•Childlike behavior
•Problems thinking and explaining your ideas clearly
•Showing little emotion
Catatonic schizophrenia:
•Grimacing or other odd expressions on the face
•Lack of activity
•Rigid muscles and posture
•Not responding much to other people
Undifferentiated schizophrenia:
includes symptoms from any of the other three
The end Work Sited Britannica Encyclopedia. Mortimer J. Adler. Chicago. Smith J. 2009. 522
Mental Health Today. Unknown. 2003. Web. 24 January 2013. http://www.mental-health-today.com/sphra/schiz.htm
Enchanted Learning. Unknown. 2001.Web. 23 January 2013. http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/anatomy/brain/Structure.shtml

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