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Transcript of Aspirin presentation.
Antipyretic (Lowers Temperature)
Anticoagulant (Helps alleviate and prevent clotting of blood)
Anti-inflammatory (Helps prevent swelling) Kos Described as early as 460BC, by the modern "father of medicine"' Hippocrates. He advised the powdered bark and leaves of willow trees be brewed into a tea and drunk to relieve pain. Elberfeld The first person to artificially synthesis the main active chemical in aspirin was a German chemist by the name of Felix Hoffmann in 1897.
He had discovered a chemical called acetylsalicylic acid, which still forms the basis of modern day aspirin. When originally marketed, aspirin was sold in small clear vials and the patients had to measure the dosage themselves Although aspirin's prevalence has decreased as other painkillers were discovered with less side effects, other uses were found for the drug.
In modern times aspirin is used for people in cardiac distress or suffering from a heart attack.
This useful side effect is a result of the drugs anti-platelet effects. A heart attack is a partial or total blockage of the coronary arteries which supply the heart with blood. Aspirin can be used in a preventative and damage control style method.
If given during a heart attack aspirin can help clear the blockage in the artery preventing loss of heart muscle and possible death It can also be taken in low dosages in the long term in those at risk of possible blood clots to help reduce this chance. But aspirin is not without its risks...... Aspirin, if given to the wrong person or at the wrong time can do catastrophic damage. This is evident from the side effects.... Side effects of aspirin:
Broncospasm (Coughing or Asthma like symptoms).
Internal haemorrhaging if the person has an active stomach ulcer.
The worsening of bleeding disorders such as haemophilia.
A brain and liver disease called Reyes syndrome if given to a patient under 16. Despite its side effects Aspirin is still a very useful drug in medicine, despite being outpaced by Paracetamol and Ibuprofen.
Its packaging has evolved with the drug and can be water soluble, chewable or swallowed. As described in the video earlier, a patient in cardiac distress should be given a single 300mg Aspirin tablet, to be chewed if non soluble. If it is soluble should be left to dissolve sub-lingually (Under the tongue).
Do not give if:
The patient is Allergic
They have a Bleeding disorder
They have a Bleeding stomach ulcer
They Are under 16 years old
ABBA: Allergic, Bleeding disorder, Bleeding ulcer Are under 16
This should be given immediately after calling an ambulance. Questions?