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World War II

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on 11 March 2015

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Transcript of World War II

World War II
By: Alyssandra Curtis
Allies Axis Powers
The United States
France
Great Britain
China
Russia
In
Green
circles
In
Red
brackets
Germany
Hungary
Romania
Italy
Japan
WW II
World War two was unlike any war the U.S. has ever fought in. Not only in the beginning did we not want to send supplies and put countries in debt or send our troops over across seas, we did not want to be involved in the war under any circumstances. But then the japanese decided it would be a good idea to bomb innocent people in Pearl Harbor and then the U.S. officially entered the war. Then later on the axis powers discovered that they were surrounded and out numbered 2 to 5 on men and soon found themselves in a crisis. The Nazi leaders were cowards and decided instead of fixing the mess they've made by themselves they committed suicide and left their people to fin for themselves. Not only were the Nazi rulers cowards they were sick twisted people. The took jewish people from their homes and threw them into concentration camps. There they were either worked to death or executed in gas chambers. The ones that weren't executed were starved. Also the ones that had survived the camps usually died soon after being rescued because their bodies couldn't handle the intake of food and nourishment.
The United States of America
Entered the war: Dec. 8–11, 1941
Part of the Allied Powers
On December 7, 1941, the Japanese military launched a surprise attack on the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Since early 1941 the U.S. had been supplying Great Britain in its fight against the Nazis. It had also been pressuring Japan to halt its military expansion in Asia and the Pacific. With the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. could no longer avoid war. On December 8, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt asked Congress for and received a declaration of war against Japan. On December 11, Germany and Italy, allied with Japan, declared war on the U.S. The United States had entered World War II.
France & Great Britain
Declared war on Germany: September 3, 1939
France heard talks that Germany wanted to take over Poland. Both Britain and France made an agreement with Poland that they would protect the country if she was invaded. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland. France and Britain offered a deal with Germany that if they pulled out, then they would not go to war. Germany did npt listen and so on September 3, 1939, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. This was the beginning of WWII. France was a part of the Allied Forces, which included Great Britain, US, and USSR. They were fighting against the Axis forces, which included Germany, Italy, and Japan. France did not stay in the war long as they surrendered to Germany June 22, 1940. And Germany occupied them until 1944.
WW II Timeline
For Americans, World War II began on December 7, 1941. But war had been going on for years elsewhere. For the Chinese, war began in 1931, when Japan invaded northeastern China, setting up a Japanese state called Manchukuo. By 1938 Japan occupied much of China and had taken Nanking, longtime capital of China, where Japanese troops killed more than 42,000 civilians. For Europeans, war began in 1939, when Germany invaded Poland. The war in Europe would end in May 1945 and in the Pacific in August 1945.
China
Entered the war with Japan: 1931
Part of the Allied Powers
Part of the Allied Powers
Under the codename Operation "Barbarossa," Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, in the largest German military operation of World War II. The destruction of the Soviet Union by military force, the permanent elimination of the perceived Communist threat to Germany, and the seizure of prime land within Soviet borders for long-term German settlement had been a core policy of the Nazi movement since the 1920s. Adolf Hitler had always regarded the German-Soviet nonaggression pact, signed on August 23, 1939, as a temporary tactical maneuver. In July 1940, just weeks after the German conquest of France and the Low Countries, Hitler decided to attack the Soviet Union within the following year. On December 18, 1940, he signed Directive 21 (code-named Operation "Barbarossa"), the first operational order for the invasion of the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union
Entered WW II: June 22, 1941
Part of the Allied Powers
Germany
World War II , also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (during which approximately 11 million people were killed)[1][2] and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centers (during which approximately one million people were killed, including the use of two nuclear weapons in combat),[3] it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.
Caused WW II to occur in 1939 due to the invasion of poland
Part of the Axis Powers
Although China and Japan were both on opposite sides during WW II they were not that involved in they were more focused on fighting each other. In July 1937, the second Sino-Japanese War broke out. A small incident was soon made into a full scale war by the Kwantung army which acted rather independently from a more moderate government. The Japanese forces succeeded in occupying almost the whole coast of China and committed severe war atrocities on the Chinese population, especially during the fall of the capital Nanking. However, the Chinese government never surrendered completely, and the war continued on a lower scale until 1945.
Japan
Part of the Axis Powers
In September 1938, following the German annexation of the Sudetenland area of Czechoslovakia, a portion of the area was given to Hungary in order to build relations between the two nations. Over the next 3 years, as Germany invaded and controlled countries surrounding Hungary, Germany gave Hungary possession of other lands. By March 1941, the Jewish population in Hungarian controlled land had reached in excess of 725,000.In March 1938, Hungary began to issue anti-Jewish legislation. Jews were systematically removed from the economy and were distinguished as a racial group. During 1939, all Jewish men of military age were forced to join the Hungarian Labour Service. In 1941 the Hungarian Government passed a law defining who was Jewish. Despite the anti-Jewish measures, the majority of Jews within Hungary lived in relative safety during the war. However, there were instances of murders of Jewish ‘foreign nationals’ by Hungarian soldiers and police.
Hungary
The Italian attack on British forces in Egypt was initially to coincide with Operation Sealion, the proposed-but-never-attempted German sea invasion of Britain in 1940. When it became apparent to Mussolini that Sealion was postponed indefinitely, he ordered Marshal Rodolfo Graziani to launch his 10th army, comprised of 7 divisions, into combat across the Egyptian border from Libya. Field Marshal Graziani led his numerically superior Italian force across the Libyan-Egyptian border in September 1940 against a smaller but highly mobile British enemy. The campaign was a disaster, and by December of that year the Italian forces in North Africa were on the verge of certain collapse.
Italy
Entered WW II: June 10, 1940
Romania
In 1940, Hitler occupies Romania as part of his strategy of creating an unbroken Eastern front to menace the Soviet Union. As early as 1937, Romania had come under the control of a fascist government that bore great resemblance to that of Germany’s, including similar anti-Jewish laws. Romania’s king, Carol II, dissolved the government a year later because of a failing economy and installed Romania’s Orthodox Patriarch as prime minister. But the Patriarch’s death and a peasant uprising provoked renewed agitation by the fascist Iron Guard paramilitary organization, which sought to impose order. In June 1940, the Soviet Union co-opted two Romanian provinces, and the king searched for an ally to help protect it and appease the far right within its own borders. So on July 5, 1940, Romania allied itself with Nazi Germany-only to be invaded by its “ally” as part of Hitler’s strategy to create one huge eastern front against the Soviet Union.
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