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Transcript of Chapter 8
What is support?
Clarifies content, increases speaker credibility, makes a speech more vivid
Narratives. What are they?
Narratives are an illustrative story or extended example with a clear beginning, middle and end.
Evaluation of Support in a Speech
Four characteristics to evaluate:
Facts & Statistics
"Did you know that?"
Fact- a truth
Statistics- mathematical subfield that gathers, analyzes, and makes inferences about collected data
Sifting Through Support
Six Types of Support
Supporting Ideas and Building Arguments
Use a Variety of Types
Variety is Important; Repetition Bores
- Constant use of a narrative gets old, and fast.
- Just as monotonous statements of facts bore.
- Certain crowds prefer one type over the other.
- Allows reach to a broader range of people.
- Preference appeals; variety maintains.
- Certain support types shouldn't be used depending on the:
- Facts and stats wouldn't be part of a speech to entertain, as narratives are much more useful.
Connectivity and Credibility
- Material must support a specific purpose.
- Irrelevant evidence should be left out.
- Use of pointless info cuts credibility.
- Support must be relevant to topic and audience.
Don't Go Overboard
Quantity Becoming an Issue
Support shouldn't interfere with speech.
Avoid using redundant information.
Use the most beneficial piece of evidence.
Do not let the support become the speech.
- Evidence proven wrong shouldn't be considered.
- Deceiving the audience is disrespectful.
Overlook significant factors within the topic.
Conclude unjustly with only your support.
Use dated evidence.
Take evidence out of context.
Use biased sources.
Cite support within speech.
By: Jessica, Jakyra, Shelbi, Jovenel, and Ken
Why do we use Definitions?
The four types of Definitions
Why do we use Examples?
Defines specific words
Support an Idea
Abstract to Concrete
The Four Types of Examples
Different types of narratives:
Testimonies: What are they?
Testimonies are an expert opinion or direct accounts of witnesses to provide support for your speech.
Different types of testimonies:
-An Anology is a figure of speech that compares two ideas or objects, showing how they are similar in some way.
Types of Analogies
Compare two ideas from two different classes
Ex: Class refers to a group that has common attributes, characteristics, qualities, or traits.
Compare two objects or ideas that clearly belong to the same class.
Ex: When using literal analogies make sure ideas are closely related.
3.1 UNDERSTANDING ARGUMENTS
Arguments are based on a series of statements.
Types of Arguments
-A statement that is designed to provide support or evidence.
- A statement that can be clearly drawn from the provided premises.
- Provide Support to ensure that your arguments will be seen as credible.
-All this information is according to the " Stand up, Speak Out" text book.
Forms of Speech Support
Is Your Support Adequate?
Use a Reverse Outline
- Starts by your conclusion, and logically working backwards to find if support is appropriate and comprehensive.
- Each claim made needs to be given support.
Explanation of where your source is from.
Simply citing your sources.
Your delivery of the source to the audience.
Let the audience know how to interpret this information.