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Andrew Jackson


Matt Fitzpatrick

on 3 November 2009

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Transcript of Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson born on March 15th in 1767 and died on June 8th in 1845. He was the seventh president of the United States with the win of the election of 1828 and served from 1829-1837. He was at the age of 61 in the election of 1828. A democratic who dominated American politics in the 1820s and 1830s, shaping the modern Democratic Party. He is known for many things such as the Indian removal, the Battle Of New Orleans, and the Nullificaion Crisis. For his toughness, he was nicknamed “Old Hickory." As he based his career in developing Tennessee, Jackson was the first president primarily from the American frontier. His picture appears on the United States twenty-dollar bill. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PiVXJSXlptY Indian Removal Act The Indian Removal Act in 1830s was to remove all Indians to west of the Mississippi, mostly into what is not today Oklahoma. Many tribes and portions of tribes had been removed to Arkansas Territory and further west of the Mississippi River without the suffering and tragedies of what later became known as the "Trail of Tears". Jackson is often held responsible for all which took place in the 1830s. The Cherokee nation took Georgia to the Surpreme court in 1832. Since they were trying to kick them out of the state the Cherokee felt it was unjust but could not protect themselves. The U.S. Supreme Court decision (Worcester v. Georgia) which ruled that Georgia could not impose its laws upon Cherokee tribal lands. Jackson did not care what John Marshall stated and instead took force upon the Indians to remove them with troops. The "evacuation" of the Indian Nations lead to the "Trail of Tears" where thousands died on the way to their promised land.
Jackson's service in the War of 1812 was mainly remembered in the Battle Of New Orleans. When British forces threatened New Orleans, Jackson took command of the defenses, including militia from several western states and territories. He was a very intense officer but the troops had a lot of respect for him. It was said he was "tough as old hickory" wood on the battlefield, which is how he got his nickname "Old Hickory." In the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, Jackson's 5,000 soldiers won a victory over 7,500 British. This battle and war made Jackson a national hero from the west which helped him greatly in his campaing to president. The Congress thanked him by giving him a gold medal by resolution of February 27, 1815.
The Battle Of New Orleans Nullification Crisis It was a "secession crisis" in 1828-1832 because of disagreements over tariffs in the country between the different regions. South Carolina was angry about a tariff and they voted to nullify the tariff. Jackson said that it was treason which made Jackson make the "force bill" where he brought down the military on the opposing state, South Carolina. No states wanted to get involved with South Carolina so they were pretty much alone. Calhoun wanted them to either submit to the law or leave the Union, but Jackson was totally against Calhoun because Jackson wanted to preserve the Union. Therefore, a compromise was made and the tariff was lowered. This incident proved that no state could challenge the Federal Government by themselve. The Bank http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gFMfYO-Q_Gw
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