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The Elements and Principles of Art in Photography

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Elisa Segovia

on 17 December 2012

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Transcript of The Elements and Principles of Art in Photography

Shape and Form The Elements and Principles of Art in Photography Line Line is one of the most fundamental art elements.A line is a point moving in space.It starts in one place and ends somewhere else, it also changes direction as it moves. A shape is created when a line meets itself.It can be geometric or organic. i.e circles, ovals. Value Color Space Texture Refers to quality of light and dark, both in terms of color and shades of gray, in a composition. This is an especially important part of photography because photography is the medium of light. Value is also one of the primary indicators of a high-quality print. Light is a photographer's medium, and when you talk about color in photography , you are always talking about light .There are three characteristics that apply to all colors: hue, saturation and value. The specific are contained within a frame is called picture's space. Space is the two-dimensional arrangement of objects in a photograph. It also refers to the three-dimensional illusion of depth in the image. Texture appeals to the sense of touch. More than visual element, it is a physical sensation and memory. Unity results when all the individual parts of your photograph come together abs support each other to make one unified image. Variety is all the diverse art elements and principles found in a picture, such as light and dark, big and small, smooth and rough.You can create variety with objects or subjects, colors, textures, movement, or shapes. You can also create variety with emotional content and associations. Movement and rhythm is the real or implied motion. Movement can also refer to how a viewers eyes travels through a picture. Rhythm is another type of movement in visual art. It is created by the organized repetition of art elements like color, value, shape and line. Emphasis refers to dominace and subordination-giving some objects grater visual importance, or dominance while subordinating or reducing the visual importance of all the others.You need ti determine what the photograph's main idea is and how to communicate it to a viewer. Balance is the appearance of equal vision weight within a composition. There are three kinds of balance: symmetrical, asymmetrical-, and radial.If one object is located on one side of the image , it is balanced on the other side by the another object that is equal in size,value, or color. This photograph is an example of lines. The railroad forms parallel lines and the electric poles are examples of vertical lines. This white-and-black photograph is also an example of lines.The stairs are formed by horizontal and vertical lines which give the illusion of a seashell. This colored photo has a rusty chain that contains oval figures. On the background, we can see a spiderweb that has geometric shapes such as squares and rectangles. This colored photograph is an example of shape and form.The building has several geometric figures such as squares, rhombus, triangles and rectangles. The blue sky complements the photo adding a nice contrast and color. Proportion is the relationship between the sizes of objects or components in a image.Not only does a proportional difference help to indicate and object's size, it also helps to indicate distance and location. Pattern is achieved by the repetition of any of the elements of art. For instance, repeating a line will create a pattern of stripes.
Pattern can also exist independently of an object in an image. This is a black-and-white photograph of skyscrapers .It has six buildings with different architectural styles.The first two buildings from left to right are bright black while the rest have different tones of gray. This photo shows the element of value because it shows several tones of gray and white. This is a black-and-white photograph of a river surrounded by small trees. On the background, there is a little hill with dark tones of gray. The clouds add white to the landscape which gives balance to the photo. This is a colored photograph that shows several guitars lined up. Each guitar has different colors like black and gray, yellow, bright pink , green, orange, dark blue. I like this picture because it contains a pretty good brightness and lighting quality. This is a colored picture of a aquarium. They are six fish in the upper right hand corner and the center of the photo.On the bottom, it has algae and other marine plants that together provide most of the photo's color. Colors such as red, yellow,orange, gold,silver,brown and black are represented by the fishes' scales. This is colored photograph that contains the word "LOVE" in its lower left side corner.It stands out because of its red color and its three-dimensional illusion. The trees, people and building are its negative space. They add important aspect to the composition of this photo and complement the focal point of it. This colored photograph has an orange leave laying on rock. This represents the focal point of the photo.The river is the negative space and it supports the positive space because it doesn't cause any kind of distraction to the viewer. This is a black-and-white photograph that has an elephant s head as its main subject. Even though its background is blurry, the photo has an excellent contrast than enhances the details and texture of the elephant s body. It gives the sensation of bumpiness and roughness. This is a colored photograph. It has a porcupine right in its center, surrounded by leaves and branches. The porcupines skin is spiny on the top and furry on the bottom of its body. Balance This is a colored photograph of a bridge and its reflection on a lake. The background is very foggy and dark.This photo has symmetry because everything is perfectly and evenly balanced out. This colored photograph shows a statue of a woman and a couple of children riding her. The background is bright blue. This is asymmetrical The large single head balances the smaller child on the right. Unity This colored photograph shows a bouquet of roses with colors like white, yellow, pink and red. Its background complements it adding a dark green which gives the bouquet more emphasis. This photo has unity because the roses have common characteristics such a color and size, but they are not necessarily identical. This is a colored photograph of several tones of lipsticks. Color such as red, nude,soft pink and orange are present in this photo creating variety between them. This is a black-and-white photograph of wedding. It shows the bride walking on the aisle and people that are participating in the ceremony. Each element like the candles and the architecture of the church go together with the theme of the photo. This is a colored photograph that has five dogs of the same kind. They look similar but each one has a particular characteristic like their black spot int their heads which shows variety in color. This is colored photograph that shows various uses of repetition which helps to create the illusion of motion in these gardens. These examples of rhythm and motion in the garden demonstrate that repetition can be used to create a strong sense of motion. This is a colored photograph of a garden. The flowers create rhythm and movement because of the repetition of line and color. Emphasis is the principle of creating a centered interest in an art work, often achieved by color contrast and by lines which direct the eye to it. This is a colored photo that has an owl as its main subject. The owls fur contrast with the color of its eyes, which in my opinion are the emphasis of this photo. Its eyes show fear, commotion and anger at the same time. This colored photograph has a dark green background that highlights even more the color of the frog. The background is also appropiate because it doesnt distract the viewer from the emphasis and creates a nice negative space as well. This is a colored photograph of a little cordillera that has different tones of green and brown. The bright green of the grass and the angle from which the photo was taken gives the impression that the cordillera is small. This is a colored photo of an old greek building.The architects back then used the Golden Proportion to construct their buildings.This type of proportion gives balance and harmony to the photo. This is black-and-white photography that shows mountains covered by snow. The sky contains several tones of gray complementing the white of the snow. Variety Movement and Rhythm Emphasis Proportion Pattern This is a colored photo that shows a butterfly with a particular pattern. Its pattern is composed of curved brown lines and little brown dots in the center of its wings. This is a colored photo that shows a seashore.The color of the sky and the ocean contrast each other very well during the sunset time.When the water rise to the sand area it leaves the same pattern
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