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(AH1) Objective 3 - Southern Colonization

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by

Jerrid Harris

on 28 November 2016

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Transcript of (AH1) Objective 3 - Southern Colonization

The Settlement of "
the Chesapeake
"

- The
Charter Colony
of the
Virginia Company

- "
The Jamestown Nightmare
" (1607-1609)
-
Captain John Smith
- "No Work = No Eat"
- Pocahontas
and the Powhatan Peace Treaty
-
First Anglo-Powhatan War
(1614) and
Second Anglo-Powhatan War
(1644)
-
John Rolfe
(tobacco) and Pocahontas marry as a peace agreement

Maryland
- Founded in 1634 by
Lord Baltimore
- The "
Catholic Safe Haven
"
- Relatives of Baltimore were the planter aristocracy
- Tobacco and
indentured servants
-
Maryland Act of "Toleration"
- 'cough cough'

The Carolinas
- Carolina was named after
Charles II
- prospered through its connections to
sugar trade
in the Caribbean...but its cash crop would be
rice
-
Barbados Slave Code
was a result of this economic connection...Very Harsh and Punitive
- Charles Town (
Charleston
) was busiest seaport in the South...became culturally diverse.
- ruled by a
planter aristocracy

- North Carolina was settled by "
squatters
"
- developed a strong sense of resistance to authority
Georgia
- The last colony founded in 1733
- founded by
James Oglethorpe
as a
military buffer/protection
to protect the Carolinas from Spanish/Indian raids.
-
prohibited slavery
and
debtors prisons
for a while
- was one of the slowest growing colonies due to harsh climate, anti-slavery laws, and Spanish raids, and a slow growing population.

Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia
What makes the
Southern Colonies
unique to English colonization?

Captain John Smith
Pocahontas
John Rolfe and Pocahontas
Anglo-Powhatan Wars (1610-1614 ... 1644-1646)
African Slave Trade
1619
Middle Passage
Virginia House of Burgesses
1619
Planter Aristocracy
"Rich people make the rules"
Lord Baltimore welcomes
Catholics ...
Both Catholics and Protestants were welcome in Maryland under the
Maryland Act of Toleration
Charleston
Barbados Slave Code
Squatters Rights
Georgia - the land of wine and silk
James Oglethorpe
Jamestown Settlement

The Starving Time
(1607-1609)
"If you don't work,
you don't eat."
- Cash Crops:
Tobacco, Rice Indigo, Sugar
-
Triangular Trade
begins (1619)
- The Virginia
House of Burgesses
(1619)
- ruled by the
plantation aristocracy
- Virginia becomes a
royal colony
(1624)
-
Bacon's Rebellion
(1670)
Jamestown Concepts
Southern Colonies
Virginia Company
Charter Colony
Settlers just wanted to hunt for gold...get rich quick and return home
Illustration of the "savages"
Captain John Smith
initiated trading relationships with the Powhatans.

The Powhatans traded food, furs, and leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods.

Europeans had little to no respect for their "savage" culture
Self-Representative Democracy
Busy and Rich seaport
culturally diverse
eventually allowed for slavery
Military Leader
Humanitarian
just a cool dude
Southern Colonial Vocabulary
Water was deep enough for ships to dock
The
stockholders
of the
Virginia Company
of London financed the settlement of Jamestown.

Became the first permanent English settlement in North America in
1607
.
England hoped to
find silver and gold
in America.

An American Settlement would
furnish raw materials
for England while opening new markets for trade ...
Mercantilism
Powhatan Indians
Tobacco saved Jamestown
1619
indentured servants
indentured servants
Bacon's Rebellion
The MOST significant consequence is that it led to an increase in the Slave Trade!!! Slaves were more expensive, but were immune to malaria and wer permanent labor for farms.
Objective 3
: Analyze English colonization in the Chesapeake (Southern Colonies). Identify and describe the various aspects of Southern colonial society, politics, and economics.

The location could be
easily defended
from attack by sea (Spanish).

The water along the shore was
deep enough for ships to dock.

They believed they had a good supply of
fresh water
.
Average Contract:
5-7 years
Most died of disease
Most servants we treated like slaves
This led to...
Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion in 1676 against the VA gov't (William Berkeley) ... Jamestown was burned to the ground ... the rebellion ended after Bacon's death.
Bacon's Rebellion is an example of social class warfare ... "poor vs rich"
3/5 died along the journey
Present day Charleston
The Lost Colony Mystery
Full transcript