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100 Years of Solitude
Transcript of 100 Years of Solitude
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Who is Gabriel Garcia Marquez?
Analysis of Major Characters
The Buendia Family Tree
Gabriel García Márquez
was born in 1928, in the small town of Aracataca, Colombia. He started his career as a journalist, first publishing his short stories and novels in the mid-1950s.
One Hundred Years of Solitude was published in his native Spanish in 1967, as
Cien años de soledad
About the Book
José Arcadio Buendía
The patriarch of the Buendía clan, José Arcadio Buendía is Macondo’s founder and its most charismatic citizen.
The tenacious matriarch of the Buendía clan, Úrsula lives to be well over a hundred years old, continuing with her hard-headed common sense to try and preserve the family.
The eldest son of Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran. He is a caricature of a "macho."
Colonel Aureliano Buendia-
The younger son of Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran.
- The youngest daughter of Don Apolinar Moscote.
A neighborhood fixture with a special relation to the Buendias.
The daughter of Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran.
The son of Colonel Aureliano Buendia and Pilar Ternera. He has an intensely intimate relationship with Amaranta and wishes to marry her.
The son of Jose Arcadio and Pilar Ternera. He is neglected throughout most of his childhood.
She shows up at the Buendia household mysteriously when she is eight years old, eating earth and bringing the insomnia plague to Macondo.
Santa Sofia de la Piedad-
The mother of Jose Arcadio Segundo, Aureliano Segundo, and Remedios the Beauty, and the common-law widow of Arcadio. Strange and solitary.
Jose Arcadio Segundo-
The son of Arcadio and Santa Sofia de la Piedad; twin of Aureliano Segundo.
The son of Arcadio and Santa Sofia de la Piedad; twin brother of Jose Arcadio Segundo.
Remedios the Beauty
The daughter of Arcadio and Santa Sofia de la Piedad
Macondo is established by Jose and Ursula Buendia. Everyone enjoys their days in a village where no one has yet to die.
A nationwide war breaks out and Macondo takes the side of Liberals with Colonel Aureliano Buendia in charge of the army.
As the small town continues to expand, the war ends. The peace is broken by a flood of foreigners who come to the enchantedly prolific lands seeking fortune. A banana plantation company is established and renders extremely successful in the area of Macondo.
The banana company's harsh work conditions trigger a riot, during which everyone, except for Jose Arcadio Segundo, is slaughtered. The disaster is covered by false news and a promise.
A heavy rain starts and lasts for more than four years. It dissuades foreigners, and people start leaving the town.
The rain stops, leaving behind ruins of a once prosperous settlement. The last Buendia dies in a prophetic whirlwind, together with Macondo's last remains.
Jose Arcadio and Ursula Buendia establish Macondo, because they are haunted by the ghost of Prudencio Aguilar in their former house.
The backbone of the family, Ursula dies. The house starts to decay.
Aureliano Babilonia (A.B.) falls in love with his aunt Amaranta Ursula (A.U.). Card reader Pilar Ternera encourages A.B. to pursue his desires. The man forces A.U. to have sex, and she falls in love with him. The lovers enjoy each other in solitude, not paying attention to the world.
The last two Buendias have a son, who is born with a pig tail - the result of incestual marriage. A.U. dies from severe blood loss during birth-giving.
A.B. seeks remedy for his solitude in his mistress' bed, forgetting the baby.In the morning, the man finds his son dead. He is suddenly able to decipher Melquiades' mysterious parchments.
The last Buendia dies in a prophetic whirlwind, together with Macondo's last remains.
"The first of the line is tied to a tree and the last is being eaten by the ants" (Marquez, 415).
Macondo = Buendia
Genre: magical realism/fantasy
P.O.V.: Third person omniscient
Setting: Macondo, a mythical village in Latin America.
20th century Latin American politics
Corruption (politics in general)
Human impact on environment