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ART 10 - Sculpture Unit - Modernism & Minimalism

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Alison Martin

on 4 April 2012

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Transcript of ART 10 - Sculpture Unit - Modernism & Minimalism

SCULPTURE Modernism & Minimalism What is Modernism? What is Minimalism? Representation of form
Aesthetics based
"Looks Like" Modernism began in the 19th & 20th Century

Modernism is the rejection of tradition as an overall progressive art movement.

It affirms the power of human beings to create, improve, and reshape their environment. Simplification of form
Function Based
"Seems Like" Minimalism began after WWII in the 1950s

In minimalist art, work is stripped down to its most fundamental features.

It focuses on the basic elements and principles of art/design.

Claes Oldenburg
'Spoonbridge & Cherry'
1988
Stainless Steel & Aluminum with Polyeurathane Enamel
Minneapolis Henry Moore
Three Piece Reclining Figure, Draped
1975
Cast Bronze
London Vocabulary Sculptors have a good understanding of... FORM FUNCTION ADDITIVE REDUCTIVE the shape, visual appearance, or configuration of an object. the purpose or reason for a particular feature the artist envisions the finished piece 'trapped inside' a large block & carves or removes (REDUCES) the material. the artist develops the piece 'bit by bit' by building up forms (ADDING) using a variety of material. Featured Artists Claes Oldenburg
(1929 - present)
Swedish
Oldenburg is best known for his public art installations typically featuring very large replicas of everyday objects. Another theme in his work is soft sculpture versions of everyday objects. Many of Oldenburg's large-scale sculptures of mundane objects elicited public ridicule before being embraced as whimsical, insightful, and fun additions to public outdoor art. Henry Spencer Moore
(1898 - 1986)
British
Moore was best known for his abstract monumental bronze sculptures which are located around the world as public works of art. His forms are usually abstractions of the human figure, typically depicting mother-and-child or reclining figures. His forms are generally pierced or contain hollow spaces. Many interpreters liken the undulating form of his reclining figures to the landscape and hills Claes Oldenburg Henry Moore Ron Mueck Fernando Botero Constatin Brancusi Alexander Calder Getting Started: 1. View & take notes on the teacher/visiting artist’s presentation and clay orientation on sculpture techniques: blocking out / scratch & attach / slip / hollowing / extruder / slab roller / kiln / tools

2. Choose one of the following:
MODERNISM
 Representation of form
 Aesthetics based
 “Looks like”

3. Find source images to sketch from (photos, magazines, internet, etc.) Your sculpture must be based on a real form.

4. Sketch your sculpture from 3-4 different views & place in page protected sheet;
- face on (front)
- side or ¾ view
- back
- above (top)
- below (bottom)





5. Complete a CLAY ORIENTATION to learn all the procedures and etiquette for sculpture.
MINIMALISM
 Simplification of form
 Function based
 “Seems like” MODERNISM MINIMALISM Featured Artists BLOCKING OUT SCRATCH & ATTACH SLIP HOLLOWING EXTRUDER SLAB ROLLER TOOLS KILN carving or adding the BASIC, SIMPLE, "Block like" shapes from ONE SOLID PIECE of clay. To keep your sculpture together, you scratch deep lines or grooves then attach using slip. a mud-like, watery clay that is the "glue" to hold your sculpture together. When your sculpture is completed as one solid piece, you will cut into it and hollow out the insides. a machine used to create different shaped tubes of clay a machine used to roll out evenly flat surfaces of clay when your hands aren't enough, use a variety of these; pin tool, knives, carving tools, kidney tool, sponge, wire cutter. a powerful "oven" used to FIRE (bake) the clay at temperatures of up to 2000 degress
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