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Transcript of Ancient Mali
The Rise and Fall of Empires: Ancient Mali Museum Blueprints Wall Mural This map depicts Mansa Musa on his famous pilgrimage to Mecca. Mansa Musa was king of Mali when the empire was at its peak, and he was a devout Muslim. Islamic law says that all faithful Muslims must make a hajj or holy visit to Mecca, the birthplace of the religion. Legends say that he was accompanied by 500 men all carrying staffs of gold. When he passed through Cairo he gave away so much gold that the the economy was affected for years after. Recent studies say that Mansa Musa may have been the richest man in history. 13th Century map Mali Empire Ghana Moss Senegal Timbuktu Gao Niani Djenne Large Window These figures were created between the 13th and 15th centuries. Their use is uncertain, but they reveal many significant things about the people of Djenne and Mali at this time. For example, we know that the Malian people used horses, which were sometimes featured in the sculptures. Ancient Djenne & Djenne Figures Architecture As trans-Sahara trade picked up, Islam slowly made its way to west Africa. After Sundiata (the first Mali ruler) most of the rulers of Mali were Muslim, for the rich and important Islam and their journeys to Mecca created connections with Egypt, Arabia, and Asia. Islam was the religion of people who had political or economic reasons for converting, like kings and merchants. With a new religion came new places to worship. Even in its height of power,
Mali wasn't all education, wealth,
and the Islamic religion. Several tribes dappled its boundaries,
including the Tellem people of the
south. The Tellem people are thought
to have arrived in the area during
the 11th century. They were greatly
diminished during the 15th and 16th
centuries because of famine and
These bowls, some three-footed and some four-footed, were found in
cliffs beneath Tellem burial caves.
They were probably used for cremated
remains in religious ceremonies. This
one dates back to the 13th century. Mali Becomes An Empire Islamic universities were established which soon became world famous. Soon Timbuktu became one of the most influential seats of learning in West Africa. From 1300s to late 1500 students came from as far away as Arabian Peninsula to learn in this city. Naturally they left behind books. These were written on any thing and everything, including astronomy, medicine economics and ethics.
The Great Mosque of Djenne This space will be taken up by a large model of The Great Mosque of Djenne. The outside will be architecturally accurate but the inside will be a play place for the children full of fun facts and pictures of ancient Mali. Map of Economy
and Trade in
Ancient Mali Bandiagara Escarpment The city of Djenne was built in the 13th century near the site of Djenne-Jeno, an even older city. It was a trade city and a center for the Islamic religion, bringing in merchants, pilgrims, and religious students from all over West Africa. The great city was captured by the Songhai emperor Sonni 'Ali in 1468. Works Cited Mali came to power under the great ruler Sundiata Keita in between 1230 and 1260, when he conquered Ghana, Sosso, and other neighboring lands, gaining control of Western Sudan. His strong descendents kept Mali in power for years. This map shows Ancient Mali at around 1330. Blood-Coated Sculptures Recently, scientists have confirmed that crusts found on sculptures from ancient Mali are actually made of blood. Researchers believe that the blood came from animals during sacrificial rituals. The statues were made by the Bamana and Dogon tribes. Some were designed in the shape of people, while others take on the forms of sacred animals. The earliest of these artifacts to be studied was created during the 12th century. Wall Mural Mali Empire Ghana Moss Senegal Timbuktu Gao Niani Djenne Bandiagara Escarpment The Collapse of the Mali Empire SONGHAI EMPIRE Between a string of incompetent rulers and the independent wills of many of its most powerful cities, Mali was weakened significantly during the 15th century. The Mossi people began to raid Malian cities and towns. When the 16th century dawned, the great Mali Empire had fallen from power, and the Songhai Empire rose up in its ruins. Choi, Charles Q.. "Ancient Sculptures Coated In Blood." Live
Science. N.p., 18 Dec 2007. Web. 1 Feb 2013.
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Pottery." The Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan
Museum of Art, 21 Jan 2013. Web. 1 Feb 2013.
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Crossroads of Africa. Virginia Department of Education
Prince William County Schools, n.d. Web. 1 Feb 2013.
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of African Art. Web. 1 Feb 2013.
Morris, James. "Butabu." Afritecture. N.p., 8 Jun 2009. Web. Web. 4 Feb. 2013. <http://www.afritecture.org/architecture/butabu?nggpage=3>.
"Religion." Mali: Ancient Crossroads of Africa. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Feb 2013. <http://mali.pwnet.org/history/history_religion.htm>.
Hammer, Joshua. "The Treasures of Timbuktu." Smithsonian. Dec 2006: 1-4. Web. 5 Feb. 2013. <http://www.smithsonianmag.com/specialsections/making-a-difference/timbuktu.html?c=y&page=2>. Footed Bowls of the Tellem people The architecture of Mali is famous for its adobe brick buildings. The mosque in Djenne is the largest of its kind. Many of the ancient Islamic universities were built this way. The logs sticking out were so that after the rainy season the people could reapply the mud covering the buildings. The Ancient architecture influences the buildings we see today. Ancient books from Timbuktu.