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Types of Governments in the Middle East
Transcript of Types of Governments in the Middle East
A system of government in which the eligible citizens participate in their government.
This literary means "Rule by Religion or God."
A system of government in which all power rests in the hand of one person... this guy here
The 'Shah' of Iran was the ultimate leader of the country. What he said was the law. He was very friendly with the United States.
He was overthrown in a revolution in 1979... more on that in just a few minutes!
Iran, before 1979 was a Dictatorship
During the 1979 revolution, the Iranian Autocracy was replaced by a Theocracy. While there is an elected president, the 'Supreme Leader' or 'Ayatollah' has absolute power.
Religious laws are enforced by a religious police force. For example, most women are required to cover their hair.
Present-Day Iran is a Theocratic Republic.
Turkey, while a predominantly Muslim country, has a non-religious democratic government.
The Saudi royal family are the rulers of Saudi Arabia. They control the country's oil wealth and government. The King (King Saud) has ultimate power. The Saudi royal family tends to be very friendly with the United States.
Modern-day Saudi Arabia is a Monarchy
Hezbollah is a Lebanon-based Islamic political and military organization. Lebanon is a Republic and Hezbollah is a popular political party. While Hezbollah are not always in power, they are frequently quite powerful and often promote their religious and political views with violence.
Israel, while predominately a Jewish country, is a non-religious representative democracy. While there is a president, the most important political leader is the Prime Minister.
As of 2003
There are 3 main types of government in the Middle East
More on each of these in just a few seconds
Monarchies (Kings and Queens) are one type of
autocracy, as are military dictatorships.
King Saud with two former US presidents
The system of rule in which a religious group is in control of the country.
Theocracies can be based on any religion. In the present day, they are most commonly Muslim, though there is one Buddhist theocracy and there have been many Christian theocracies throughout history.
It has both a president and a prime minister, and several different political parties. Some political parties are religious, some are not. Citizens of Turkey are free to vote for the parties that they feel best represent their interests.
Democracies are often 'representative,' meaning that the people elect officials to represent them in government, rather than each individual participating directly.
Israel is an important ally to the U.S. and Europe. During the Cold War (1945-1990), it was one of the only democracies in the Middle East!