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Copy of Comparing city-states of the renaissance
Transcript of Copy of Comparing city-states of the renaissance
renaissance and who
The cultural parts of a renaissance city were very important because when you think of the Renaissance you automatically think art. The cultural part covers art, intellectuals and tradition so you must be a cultural city-state if you want to be name the most "Renaissancy."
The political side of a Renaissance city-state was also very important. This section is composed of what kind of government the city states had, who controlled the city state and what type of alliances were formed.
Comparing city-states of the renaissance
The renaissance was the time period between
the 1300's and the 1500's. This time period was
known for its amazing work in art, science and
architecture. This was the time where almost everybody stopped looking at the church to solve all of their problems and started to look more at the reality of things such as humanism. There are three main city-states in Europe, Genoa, Venice and Florence.
The economy of a Renaissance city was one of the most important aspects because it cover trade.Being able to trade and having control of lots of trade routes was a sign of power in the Renaissance.
Florence had been a trading center for centuries
even before the Renaissance came to be.
During the Renaissance the trade in Florence
increased and it became the center of highly
successful silk and wool merchants. This city-
state supported mainly wool industries but
people sold silk too. In the Renaissance, Florence
was one of the wealthiest trading, banking and business countries in Europe along Genoa,
Venice and Milan. Florence had a very high
economy and was so powerful.
Venice was one of Italy's mains ports for sea trading,making it the most prosperous sea trading city in Europe. Venice was known for it's sea trade. In the Renaissance, Venice was one of the wealthiest trading, banking and business countries in Europe along with Florence, Genoa and Milan. Venice competed with Genoa for the Black Sea trading routes in the Mediterranean. This City-State became a great trading center because of their trade with the east.
Genoa was one of the largest trading cities in the Renaissance time period. Most of the trade between Italy and the rest of Europe had to come through Genoa first. In the Renaissance, Genoa was one of the wealthiest trading, banking and business countries in Europe along with Florence, Venice and Milan. Genoa competed with Venice for the trading routes in the Mediterranean.
By summer & Akira
The Medici family was like the government in Florence in this time period. Florence was said to be kind of like a democracy but the Medici family was so rich that if they wanted something to change in the government, they would change it. Another family that came to play in this time and place was the Albizzi family, who were the bitter rivals of the Medici's.
Many different groups ruled Venice but by the time that the Renaissance was in a full swing, the government in Venice was a republic, which is a form of democracy. The head of the Venice democratic government was called a doge. In 1297, a group of wealthy people made it so that only their families could vote for the doge and have a part in government. That was only 2% of the population of Venice.
In 1339, the doge of Genoa was Simone Boccanegra. The public appointed him, thereby making the city-state of Genoa a democracy. In 1396-1413 the position of doge remained open because the French held the Genoese government.
There were many artists in Florence during the Renaissance including:
~Lorenzo de' Medici
~Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci was also one of the great philosophers and also one of the great intellectuals. Niccolo Machiavelli was also a great philosopher. As Florence was a great Renaissance city, art and culture was very important as they had so many great pieces of art and cultural buildings. Culture was also very important to Florence because all Florentines hungered for new knowledge about other cultures and nations so when trading was a big thing the people of Florence would be intrigued by the things they saw and the people they met as well as their stories.
There were lots of artists in Renaissance times in Venice. Some of the notable artists were:
There were also many intellectuals in Venice at the time of the Renaissance including:
~Marco Polo the famous adventurer and writer.
~The Lombardo family who were architects and sculptors.
Art and culture was very important to the city-state of Venice because, as they were in Renaissance times, there were pieces of art and beautiful architecture all over the place.
There were many different artists that were attracted to Geno at the peak of the 1500's century.These artists included:
~Peter Paul Rubens
~Anthony van Dyck
The great architect Galeazzo Alessi designed buildings in Genoa. Genoa had been the cross roads of traffic and culture between Western Europe and the Mediterranean for centuries before the Renaissance even happened. There were also many famous philosophers and intellectuals in Genoa like Columbus.
The basis of the social structure in any given Renaissance city-state was split up into 4 classes. There was the king, the upper class, the middle class or merchants and the lower class. The kings were at the very top of the triangle. They still ruled the land but had less say than what they did in the feudal system. The upper class containd rich nobles who owned lots of land and sold it to people of lower classes. The middle class was composed of merchants who sold wool and silk to people. They could transferinto the upper class by marrying into a noble family. The lowest class was the lower class. This class contained all the workers that worked for people of higher classes and relied very much on their employers. Unlike the feudal system, anyone and everyone could move up or down out of their class.
In Florence the people in the merchant class were called the popolo grasso or the fat people. They were all organized into different guilds which is an organization of different crafts people and different kinds of merchants. Guilds are kind of like modern day unions and other types of professional groups/ organizations. The guilds in Florence consisted of many different craftsmen including bankers, wool manufacturers and silk merchants. The people who owned shops or workers were called the popolo minuto or the little people. Most of the popolo minuto were peasants who had moved up a notch. The popolo minuto were not allowed to be part of the guilds.
In Venice the upper class was called the aristocracy; this was the 2% of the population that controlled Venice ever since tribal times. The aristocracy only consisted of the families of the nobles. Right beneath were the the Cittadini Originarii who were the people who could hold a position in municipal office but they could not vote. Only the aristocracy could vote. The class underneath the Cittadini Originarrii was the common people. This class had a couple basic rights but they had very specific positions that they could get in local government.
They had Genoa navy who controlled Genoa,
and they gained a place called Constantinople in 1296. In 1463 Genoa became less powerful and lost Constantinople. Milan, and later France, took control of Genoa. In 1528 Andrea Doria, became dictator.
The military portion of the Renaissance was also quite crucial. The navy that your city-state possessed would show how strong you were and it would control your economy because you can't buy weapons with out money and you need to keep people from taking your trading routes.
The famous philosopher Niccolo Machiavelli was one of the most successful war leaders in Florence during the Renaissance. He wrote the art of war explaining how Renaissance war larders could be successful in their wars and with their army. This philosopher introduced the tactic of standing army in Florence. That is like the usual army we have today where people go in because they want to, not where they are promised money. Under his control the Florentine army at one point gained control of the city-state of Pisa. Florence was also a part of the war of the league of Cambrai.
Venice was a successful city because the government created a powerful navy. This navy was able to gain control of several trade routes in the meditation. The navy of Venice was so powerful that all of the cities that tried to attack it came up unsuccessful. Venice was very successful in the sea trade partially because they had a very strong navy and caused people that thought could take over the place they had control of to leave or retreat.
In 1261 the Genoa military gained control of Constantinople, the largest city in Europe but the power soon died down after 1463 when they lost in a battle against the Turkish empire and lost control of the city. The Genoese army was destroyed in a battle with the army from Venice in 1380 and never regained their power. Genoa had allied with Rome in the second Punic war.
Ranking for Military
Ranking for political
ranking for cultural
RAnking for social structure
ranking for economy
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