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BC Dairy System

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by

Carissa Li

on 12 November 2013

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Transcript of BC Dairy System

http://en.mercopress.com/2012/12/19/state-of-the-art-dairy-farm-in-uruguay-with-8.000-milking-cows-and-self-generating-power
Milking machines
Milk tanks
Open pit where you decrease the methane in the farm
Sheds for dry cows, pregnant cows, etc
Milk Coolers
Trolleys
Storage for roughage
Administration of supply management for dairy policies
Responsible for the tariffs on dairy imports
Key Actors: Federal Government
Key Actors: Supply Management
Provincial government
Regulates and balances the marketing of domestic dairy products to consumer demand
Responsible for fair profit returns to farmers
High quality products for consumers at a reasonable price
Determines amount of quota that each province obtains
Boundaries of BC Dairy System
Milk production are usually produced in the Fraser Valley with 545 dairy producers and 33 processors
BC dairy system begins with the farms, then to manufacturers, distributors, consumers and goes to waste
Dairy products are traded provincially and internationally such as cheese trading with Europe and milk trading with provinces in Canada
Key Actors: British Columbia Marketing Board
Provincial agency where dairy quota is distributed to farming operations
Responsible for the changes, selling, distribution, and canceling of quota
Goals
Meet the demand of consumers
Produce high quality of milk
Maintain sustainable environment for further development
Control milk surplus and market access
Maintain a stable price for consumer demand
Produces 90% of Dairy products in British Columbia
Therefore more quota is distributed in this area
Creates more jobs, able to produce more milk, more profit
Examples of operations that are affected from quota system: Fraser valley
Smaller scale dairy farm compared to farms in the Fraser valley, so not that many quota were allocated
Not a lot of jobs are created
Smaller profit scale
Policies
Market Share quota: target set from the Federal level that determines the amount of industrial milk that should be produced nationally (policy under supply management
Pricing which is determined at a federal level
stable prices throughout the province from the quota system
Canadian Dairy Commission, which is responsible for the stabilizing and improvement of farmers revenue
Canadian Quality Milk Program, a food safety program to ensure the quality of milk is at a golden standard
BC Marketing Board, responsible for the production, transport and marketing of milk within British Columbia
Kitzel Farm
Located in White Rock, BC
Composed of 450 dairy cows
Goals
To produce a high quality milk product to consumers
To achieve the demand of quota set by BC
Make an adequate amount of profit to be sustainable
Interactions
Selling and buying quota to other farms (community)
Provincial approval when selling or buying quota (provincial policies)
Maintaining a respectable working environment for employees
Selling and transporting of milk products to markets
Boundaries
Milk produced in British Columbia is solely limited to BC consumers
Quota limits the production of milk
Components
Key Actors
Farmers, mostly the Kitzels
British Columbia Marketing Board
Federal government (supply management)
Factories
Markets
Consumers
Open pit, to minimize waste
Milking machine, to improve efficiency
Barns, storage for bedding material, where cows are kept and animal feed
Policies
Quota system
Health and regulation
Animal welfare
Infrastructures of Dairy Farm
Infrastructure
BC Dairy System
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Government_of_Canada
http://www.ec.gc.ca/cas-aqhi/default.asp?lang=En&n=E36ED558-1
http://www.annedaltonpaintings.com/id5.html
Examples of operations that are affected from quota system: Kitzel Farm
http://www.flickr.com/photos/bbqmag/52215254/sizes/o/
http://otbtisrael.com/israel-to-provide-dairy-farming-technology-to-asia/
http://wpsu.org/localfoodjourney/comments/why_are_dairy_farms_in_the_marcellus_shale_closing
Inputs
Bedding
Water ( for cleaning and treatments)
Fertilizers
Feedings (Roughage, corn starch)
Pesticides
http://photobar.photoshelter.com/image/I0000SiEfi7QQsa0
http://www.agrarhaszon.hu/product/11878/
Outputs
Wastes from cows
Manure
Dairy products (cheese, yogurt)
Milk
Beef
Cattle
Methane
Carbon Dioxide
http://www.wksktheheat.com/wksktheheat2/2011/10/04/milk-it-does-a-body-good-but-what-the-tea-crumpets-is-this/
http://ontariosown.ca/uncategorized/fest-of-the-best-the-artisan-cheese-fine-food-fair/
Group 56
Alexander Cheng
Carissa Li
Cory Mejia Lara
Xiang Chuin Seah
Christina Tromp
Full transcript