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The Effects of Westward Expansion DBQ
Transcript of The Effects of Westward Expansion DBQ
by: Kailani Vinyard
What was the role of the manifest destiny?
Many people such as John O'Sullivan says that it was their destiny to overspread and possess the whole continent.
"The American claim is by right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and our democratic government entrusted to us."
-John O'Sullivan, New York Morning News
What were some of the motivations for Moving West?
Many settlers wanted to go to the west because you would get a lot of land, gold, and great farming land.
"In our home, in Illinois, in the early fifties, there was much talk and excitement over the news of the great gold discoveries in California and equally there was much talk concerning the wonderful fertile valleys of Oregon Territory, an act of congress giving actual settlers 640 acres of land."
- Diary of Harriet Scott Palmer, 1852
What were some hardships of moving west?
Settlers on the trails experienced poisonous bugs, heavy loads, horrible weather, worn-down wagons, diseases, low food supply, bad roads, and Indians.
"There was still snow upon the ground and the roads were bad, but in our eagerness to be off we ventured forth. This was a mistake as had we delayed for a couple of weeks the weather would have been more settled the roads better, and much of the discouragement and hardship of the first days of travel might have been avoided. We saw nothing living but Indians, lizards, and snakes. To add to the horrors of the surroundings one man was bitten on the ankle by a venimous snake."
-Diary of Cathrine Haun, 1849
How did it effect the Native Americans?
Many Native Americans were cold, did not have blankets, children were freezing to death, hey had little food, and many were sick.
"It is cold and we have no blankets. The little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them have run away to the hills and have no blankets, no food; no one knows where they are- perhaps freezing o death. I want to have time to look for my children and see how many i can find. Maybe i shall find them among the dead. Hear me my chiefs. I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."
-Indian Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce, upon his surrender to the U.S. government troops, September 1877
How did it affect railroads?
The railroads were safer for transportation and it brought more towns and settlers.
"... to secure the safe and speedy transportation of the mails, troops, munitions of war, and public stores thereon, every alternate section of public land, designated by odd numbers, to the amount of five of ten miles on each side of said railroad..."
-The Pacific Railroad Act, July 1, 1862