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Atman to No-Self (Hinduism to Buddhism)

Philosophy 390 "Buddha and Buddhism"

Robert Sherman

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Atman to No-Self (Hinduism to Buddhism)

Hinduism to Buddhism Atman to No-Self Path of Atman Conclusion Indian Philosophy

Vedic Age
* 1500 bce - 800 bce

Epic Age
* 800 bce - 200 bce

* Born 600bce - 440bce (debated)

Age of Sutras
* 400 bce - 500 ce

Scholastic Age
* 400 ce - ??? - 1500 bce - 800 bce
- Speculative and Metaphysical
- Atman is revealed Indian Philosophy: Vedic Age Indian Philosophy: Epic Age - Born between 600bce and 440bce (some debate)
- "Enlightened" or "Awakened"
- Suffering, Impermanence and No-Self
- Two-Truths
- Middle Way Indian Philosophy: Buddha Atman has always been -the debate does not seem to be whether there is an 'ultimate' something (not someone). Timeline Hymn of Creation

Non-Being existed-not nor being
Death then existed-not nor life immortal
Darkness was at first hidden by darkness [...] - 800 bce - 200 bce
- Upanisads (sit down and listen)
- Practical
- Atman is inward ascension
- Must be learned Upanisads of interest:
- Kena
- Katha
- Mundaka
- Mandukya
- Chandogya
- Brhadaranyaka
- Maitri Atman
- is not known; is not understood...
- cannot be known by senses
- reached by intuitive insight
- reached by direct realization
- unknowable impersonal one
- truth, austerity, knowledge path
- obtained by instruction
- It is known as Being and Non-Being
- Tat Tvam Asi
- 2 Forms: formed and formless
- Noumenal: abiding
- Phenomenal: changing self

Doctrine of Chariot Rider
Om & 4 States of Consciousness Causes for Suffering (2nd Noble Truth)
- Self and Ego
- Permanence Doctrine of Impermanence
- There can be no self; no abiding ego
- Passing Away/Arising: Moment-to-Moment Doctrine of No-Self
- Melinida and the Chariot
- Ship at Sea Pratityasamutpada
- Rejects: annihilation of existences
- Rejects: "karmic debt" notion

Elements of No-Self
- All elements of being lack ego
- No Permanent Self-Nature
- Constituents are Transitory
- No-Soul/Self

Two Truths
- Rather than 2 Atman[s]
- Ultimate (Atman)
- Relative/Conventional (Being) Zen & China
- 20 ce Tat Tvam Asi

I will share my view of this notion of Self and No-Self; Being and Non-Being.

Visualize a body of water - look closely as the rain falls, impacting the surface. The water represents the Tao (noumenal) and drops are the manifestation[s] of Being (physical). If the drops represented us (Beings) the lifetime would be (birth) the fall from the sky -the drops extinguished (death) as they impacted the lake.

This is my vision of the Ultimate. Bibliography

Radhakrishnan, S. and Moore, C.A. A Source Book in Indian Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.

Chan, Wing-Tsit. A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Strong, John S. The Experience of Buddhism: Sources and Interpretations. Third Edition. California: Thomson Wadsworth, 2006.

Suzuki, D.T. Zen Buddhism. Ed. William Barrett. New York: Double Day, 2006.

Smith, Rodney. Stepping Out of Self-Deception: The Buddha's Liberating Teaching of No-Self. Boston: Shambhala, 2011.

Ziporyn, Brook. ZHUANGZI: The Essential Writings. Tr. Brook Ziporyn. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2009.

Hume, David. "A Treatise of Human Nature." Part IV Section VI Of Personal Identity. eBook: Project Gutenberg, 2010.

Giles, James. "The No-Self Theory: Hume, Buddhism, and Personal Identity." Philosophy East and West. 43 2 April 1993: 175-200.

Luetchford, Michael Eido. "Buddhism and the Theory of No-Self." Dogen Sangha Bristol. 2004. 28 Nov. 2012. URL = <http://www.dogensangha.org.uk/PDF/theoryofnoself.pdf>

Chadha, Monima, "Perceptual Experience and Concepts in Classical Indian Philosophy", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2010 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/win2010/entries/perception-india/>.
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