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The Changing Role of Women

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by

David Mai

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of The Changing Role of Women

How did WWI Change Life for Canadian Women?
FONTS
When they agreed to women suffrage, Saskatchewan was the province that had the first female voters. This source explains the event of the first women voters of Canada. It is a big milestone for Canada and it's people. Then the government is going to see if women franchise is going to make a difference in the election numbers. It also talks about how a lot of people want all kinds of women to vote and not only property holding women. Then it goes on talking about the importance of women franchise. This information is related to our answer because it shows us what happened after women suffrage and the first time women voted. Although it did not give the exact women election numbers, we can guess it's high because of the amount of women who wanted women franchise. It is reliable because it tells us what happened the first time women got to vote.
This is a poster most likely made by the Liberals and Prime Minister Borden . This poster says what kind of women can vote and how they can vote. It is said from the perspective of people that wanted women to be enfranchised. This tell us what are the reasons of women suffrage. They wanted to send a message to women and all kind of other people saying that women can vote as well. This also can be an advertisement focused towards women telling them they should vote. This source has great reliability because it was created before the conscription.
This newspaper article was written during WWI (around 1915), explaining the debate to franchise women. The article is saying what happened during debate. This debate looks like it went in favor of the women and people who wanted women suffrage. It recognizes women suffrage by first suggesting the fact of a provincial elections, but not federal elections (federal elections discussed later on). Although this article does not explain what happens after the debate, or the final choice, it still give decent information on what was said during that time. This supports our answer because it is in the middle of deciding women suffrage. This is the turning point of Canadian women suffrage. It has decent reliability because this is what was discussed in the debate, but the reliability is lessen due to the fact it did not go in depth and it did not say the outcome of the debate.
This article was written by F. J. Dixon. It says Canada should have women suffrage. Which means that this was written before or during 1916. It talks about allowing women to vote and why they should be able to vote. Some reasons and explanation support our answer on what it was like before women franchise. We chose this article because it gives some really in depth reasons and examples on why women should vote (e.g. "...Women should have entered into the employment of their political rights and duties at the same time and on the same terms as men"). It is somewhat reliable because of the reasons the author gave on letting women vote.
How Did WWI change life for Canadian women?
By: David Mai
& Frankie Ru
2-2

http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/working-in-canada/#gallery/1212/2923/0
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/charity/
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/working-in-canada/#gallery/1212/2927/0
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/working-in-canada/nggallery/page/2#gallery/1212/2948/0
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/working-in-canada/nggallery/page/2#gallery/1212/2939/0
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/work-near-front/

Before WWI, women were not considered people under the law unless they committed a crime. They did not have the right to vote. Even a women's salary was legally the property of her husband. Women who worked outside of their houses, usually before marriage, were mainly employed as servants or factory workers under unsanitary conditions. But during WWI a lot changed. And after WWI, some of these changes remained. The two main things that changed were women suffrage and women employment.

Due to World War I, Canada's industrial production were increased because of the Canadian Army's need for resources.
Many men who volunteered for the war were sent overseas to the western front, which resulted a great demand for labor work. This great demand for labor created an opening for women to be hired for all kinds of jobs, for higher salary. They were able to utilize their skills in industries that were previously not available to them ranging from prairie farms to munition factories. Around 2500 Canadian women were able to participate on the western front overseas by serving as nurses and field ambulance drivers.

Over time, women's status were increased due to farming and munition labors because if not for women's efforts in the
home front, Canada's wartime economy would have collapsed. The view of women being too emotional and weak to join male labours were soon ignored due to their will to take on difficult work during the war such as filling artillery shells. Women's commitment to volunteer groups like the Red Cross which supported their men in the western front also helped change men's perspective on women.

The change in roles of women made a significant difference to the development in social attitudes of women, and therefore
earned the right to vote in federal elections in 1918. By stepping up to fulfill the needs in labor, women gained the freedom to work in areas they could not have worked before World War I and therefore progressed higher significance and independence. The significance of women's role in society were presented and displayed roles only they could do when men are overseas. As the roles of women changed, it also intensified their campaign for women's suffrage-women's right to vote, and benefited them with political awareness and power. Liberals of Manitoba such as assisted the campaign for women's suffrage with a promise that women would get the right to vote. As a consequence, Canadian women benefited a great deal by winning their suffrage, in recognition of their loyal struggles during the war and establishing the road to infrastructure of equality for women in Canada today.
This is a photo of women knitting some kind of clothing to be transported overseas to keep their men warm in the trenches. We chose this photo because it shows women are undoubtedly, constantly helping the Canadian army not just at work but at home in the best of their abilities. It's from a perspective of an woman taking a picture of her friends working together to assist in the war. This primary document's reliability is increased because it was a picture taken in 1914 and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
The photo shows a group of women farmers called "Farmerettes" holding their hay bunch. We chose this photo because it shows some prairie farmers which is one of the many "men labors" women worked on. They are a few of the many thousands of women farmers who kept Canada's wartime economy from collapsing. It's from the perspective a fellow Farmerette who want to the labor they're doing for Canada. The reliability is increased because the photo was probably taken during World War I and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
This is a photo of women working in a Munitions Factory filling up artillery shells to use in the Canadian army. We chose this photo because it shows some women munition workers which is one of the many "men labors" women did. It's from the perspective of a woman who want to keep a memory of when they worked at a Munitions Factory along with her co-workers. The reliability is increased because the photo was probably taken during World War I and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
This is a photo of women working in a Munitions Factory but this time they are "Soldering Fuses" which could be concentrated into the air because of chemicals. We chose this photo because it also shows women working in a Munitions Factory but they are soldering fuses and it's the many difficult labors women did during the time. It's from the perspective of a woman who want to keep a memory of when they worked at a Munitions Factory along with her co-workers. It's reliability is increased because the photo was taken around 1915 to 1917 and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
This is a photo of an assembly of women crafting an airplane together which would require skills to make one. We chose this photo because it shows women working together to make an airplane so, it's one of the many difficult labors women did during World War I. It's from the perspective of a woman who want to keep a memory of when they were in the process of making an airplane along with her co-workers which could represent her skills. It's reliability is increased because the photo was taken in 1916 and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
The photo displays some Canadian nurses working amongst the 1st Canadian General Hospital which was bombed by Germans. We chose this photo because it shows that women working overseas is never safe from war even if they're not on the battlefield. It's perspective is from someone who want to show that it's is never safe anywhere when there's a war. The reliability of the photo is increased because it was taken during World War I and the photo was not posed. This photo supports our answer because it represents one of the many jobs women did during World War I that eventually helped them achieve suffrage for women.
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/miscellaneous/#gallery/1221/3039
http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/GGG/1915/05/26/7/Ar00700.html
http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/GGG/1916/09/13/5/Ar00500.html
http://vimyridgehistory.com/kit-3/women/suffrage/
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