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Copy of Copy of The Age of Absolutism
Transcript of Copy of Copy of The Age of Absolutism
I. Absolute Monarchies
As the countries of Europe built
their kings grew richer and more powerful.
has complete control over his nation.
3. Powerful kings helped transform weak
II. Absolutism in Spain
1. Phillip II
a. He inherited Spain from his father, the Holy Roman Emperor
b. He spent much of his reign
going to war
in the name of
the Catholic Church.
In 1571, he and his Italian allies
at the Battle of
This helped push back the forces of
For decades, he launched wars in the Netherlands
to fight Protestant
2. The Spanish Armada
a. Piracy, religion, the Dutch revolts and other reasons forced both England and Spain to declare war against each other.
with a huge fleet of ships.
destroy the Spanish Armada.
3.Eventually Spain falls into decline.
a. The wars of Charles V and Philip II wasted a lot of gold.
c.Pirates and privateers constantly stole Spain's gold and silver while it was being shipped across the Atlantic.
b.One by one, Spain's American colonies sought independence.
IV. Absolutism throughout Europe
1. Louis XIV
During his reign, France became one of the most important economic, political, and cultural centers of Europe.
He regarded himself as an absolute monarch, with his power coming directly from God. He carefully cultivated his image and took the sun as his emblem.
Every noble in France would go to Versailles to receive his good favor.
England and her allies go to war to prevent this from happening. They succeed.
The War of the Spanish Succession preserved the "balance of power" in Europe.
His massive Palace of Versailles could house 10,000 guests.
d. When his grandson, Philip V, becomes king of Spain, Louis XIV claims that the two kingdoms were now united.
a. They believed their authority to rule comes from God.
This belief is known as