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Transcript of 1840
The Birth of Feminism in the United States
The Early Women's Rights Movement
A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
The Equality of the Sexes and the Condition of Women
Woman in the Nineteenth Century
Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A Northern Slave
1848: Seneca Falls Convention
Passed a resolution calling for women's suffrage
Established Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott as leaders of the movement
1940s: Expanded Opportunities and Reproductive Rights
Margaret Sanger's American Birth Control League (1921) is federated as the Planned Parenthood Federation of America
1890: National Woman Suffrage Association
National Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) founded with Susan B. Anthony as leader
Clubs founded throughout the U.S.
1910-1918: The Movement Gains Strength
National Woman's Party (NWP) founded by Alice Paul (1916)
Militant organization - picketed White House
Held a hunger strike
1920: Nineteenth Amendment
"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."
1875: Supreme Court rules against women's suffrage
Minor v. Happersett
Ruled that Virginia Minor was a citizen of the United States but not entitled to vote
"it cannot for a moment be doubted that if it had been intended to make all citizens of the United States voters, the framers of the Constitution would not have left it to implication. So important a change in the condition of citizenship as it actually existed, if intended, would have been expressly declared."
Margaret Sanger opens first birth control clinic (1916)
"No woman can call herself free until she can choose consciously whether she will or will not be a mother."
Colored Women's League of Washington, D.C. (1892)
Heterodoxy Club founded in Greenwich Village, NYC (1912)
Coined the term "feminism"
Brought together intellectuals, labor activists, radicals, journalists and literary figures
Women and World War II
Jane Addams and Hull House (1889-1935)
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
Feminine values according to Addams: "responsibility, care, and obligation" - should be involved in "civic housekeeping"
Influenced by the Progressives
Elected president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1919)
Women are "faced with an alternative of marriage or a career."
"History has a long-range perspective. It ultimately passes stern judgment on tyrants and vindicates those who fought, suffered, were imprisoned, and died for human freedom, against political oppression and economic slavery."
-Elizabeth Gurley Flynn