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IB HL Psychology 1st Six Weeks Schedule--2nd period

Are quantitative or qualitative studies more valid and reliable?
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Cathryne McNamara

on 21 September 2018

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Transcript of IB HL Psychology 1st Six Weeks Schedule--2nd period

Day 1-A 8/20
Essential Question: How satisfactory are psychology's explanations?

One Summer Something and the Possible Psychology of It--why it's the best bit?

Getting Personal with Close Encounters! http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/15/style/the-36-questions-an-answer-to-their-prayers.html

Pre and post test closeness on 0 (not close at all) to 10 (very close) scale before and after small talk set and interpersonal closeness set.

See full report "The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings" from Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
http://psp.sagepub.com/content/23/4/363.full.pdf+html

Read and mark study in the context of these questions...What do you think of psychology's scope and application, concepts/language, methodology, historical development, and links to personal knowledge? How reliable and valid do you think psychological explanations are?

IA Considerations--Replication of Any Published Psychology Study
Day Two-A 8/22
Essential Question: How satisfactory are psychology's explanations?

Thoughts about study stimulus--question sets? Possibility of causing interpersonal closeness? Dedication of academic resources for such? Revisit any other questions from Day One.

Quick Conversations in Partners and as a Class about Psychological Stances
Philosophical Debates: nature/nurture, heredity/environment, free will/determinism, objective/subjective, correlational/causational, quantitative/qualitative, reductionism/complexity, etc. For each identify which side you think is best supported.

See report "The Experimental Generation of Interpersonal Closeness: A Procedure and Some Preliminary Findings" from Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.
http://psp.sagepub.com/content/23/4/363.full.pdf+html

Read and mark study in the context of these questions...1. What do you think of psychology's scope and application, 2. concepts/language, 3. methodology, 4. historical development, and 5. links to personal knowledge? 6. How reliable and valid and applicable do you think psychological explanations are?

Using psychology's technical language, identify five specific pros and five cons for the interpersonal closeness study.
http://psp.sagepub.com/content/23/4/363.full.pdf+html
https://prezi.com/s9r4xykc7oky/psychology-methodology/

If time permits and in pairs (or alone if absent), write critical commentary for psychology study in pairs. Think overall assertion for study--weak, strong, invalid, valid, unreliable, and/or reliable and sentences of support--methodological terms, report embeddings, and your commentary).
https://prezi.com/s9r4xykc7oky/psychology-methodology/

books!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

IA Considerations--Replication of Any Published Psychology Study

HMWK: Read and take notes for Course Companion pages 7-37 and 343-377 and IB Study Guide pages 1-5 and 145-159 for an open notes quiz on Day Seven.
Day Three-A 8/27
Essential Question: How satisfactory are psychology's explanations?

Review perspectives and consider posted questions via Prezi.
http://prezi.com/5ewc6ssqbrla/psychology-in-perspectives/

Do you know these terms?
https://prezi.com/s9r4xykc7oky/psychology-methodology/

What do you have to say for the debates of the psychological day?

Considering the specific interpersonal closeness study and the questions above, what do you think about psychology's scope/application, language/concepts, methods, historical development and links to personal knowledge?

In pairs (or alone if absent), write critical commentary for psychology study in pairs. Write an overall assertion for study--weak, strong, invalid, valid, unreliable, and/or reliable and then write sentences of support--methodological terms, report embeddings, and your commentary).
https://prezi.com/s9r4xykc7oky/psychology-methodology/

Preliminary research for Internal Assessment experimental replication. Find at least three possibilities.

HMWK: Continue to read and take notes for Course Companion pages 7-37 and 343-377 and IB Study Guide pages 1-5 and 145-159 for an open notes quiz on Day Seven.
Day Four-A 8/29
Essential Question: How valid, reliable, and ethical are psychology's methods?

Review cognitive, biological, and socio-cultural perspectives as per your chosen studies' participant populations, methodological choices, certain/uncertain conclusions, and ethical underpinnings i.e. share your chosen study and found details. Which perspective's populations and methodologies best explain human behavior and thinking? and other questions discussion.

Any perspective preferences now because of body of studies and/or methodologies and or/evidence? http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/topic.htm

Methods/Methodology http://prezi.com/s9r4xykc7oky/psychology-methodology/
Any terms you still do not know? What methodological features keep us from certainty?

In the context of the interpersonal closeness study, research internal assessment study possibilities and list five that you like.

Choose replication study and start to create materials (informed consent, script, questionnaire, debriefing script/form, and other stimulus material).
Ethical Review Board Preparation--You will present what you plan to replicate (journal access) and all materials--your operationalized IV and DV, sampling method, informed consent, script--what you will say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer document, debriefing form/script, and any other materials to replicate your study, etc.
IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

HMWK: Continue to read and take notes for Course Companion pages 7-37 and 343-377 and IB Study Guide pages 1-5 and 145-159 for an open notes quiz on Day Seven.
Day Five-A 8/31
Essential Question: How valid, reliable, and ethical are psychology's methods?

Declare study for IA experimental replication.

Starting to think about qualitative methodology with a key case study.

Remembering Psychology's Available Methods (See below.)

Review and connect with current research (directions on copies). http://www.scienceofrelationships.com/home/2012/5/17/top-5-classic-studies-in-the-psychology-of-attraction.html

pros and cons of METHODS: case study, interview, survey, naturalistic observation, and experiment via CASE STUDIES/INTERVIEWS (Phineas Gage, Corkin--H.M., Piaget, Genie), SURVEYS, NATURALISTIC OBSERVATIONS (Festinger When Prophesy Fails, Rosenhan), EXPERIMENTS (Bandura and Ross, Miller, Rosenzweig and Bennet, Loftus and Palmer, Asch, Darley & Latane)--1. DEFINE, 2. LIST QUICK DETAILS FOR GIVEN RESEARCH EXAMPLES, 3. LIST AS MANY PROS AND CONS AS POSSIBLE
FOR EACH METHOD.

lab (Bandura), field (Sheriff), natural experiment (TV introduction)--1. Define, 2. Quick Details, 3. Pros and cons

qualitative versus quantitative

Create materials (informed consent, script, questionnaire, debriefing script/form, and other stimulus material).
Ethical Review Board Preparation--You will present what you plan to replicate (journal access) and all materials--your operationalized IV and DV, sampling method, informed consent, script--what you will say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer document, debriefing form/script, and any other materials to replicate your study, etc.
IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

HMWK-Open Notes Quiz on Day Seven
Day Six-A 9/5
Essential Question: How valid, reliable, and ethical are psychology's methods?

Catch up any from previous two days, especially methods and I love my IA meaning.

Qualitative versus Quantitative as per David Reimer case study and...

Interviews, Structured Interviews (schedule, questions, order), Unstructured Interviews (topics and time), Semi-structured Interviews (questions, informal, and flexible), Focus Group Interview (6 to 10 people), Narrative Interview (story like)

Representational Generalization (applied to outside populations), Inferential Generalization/Transferability (applied to outside settings), Theoretical Generalization (develop further theory)

Participants, Sample, Representative Sample, Opportunity Sampling, Purposive Sampling, Self-selected Sampling, Snowball Sampling, Random Sampling, Stratified Sampling, Sampling Bias, Participant Variability, etc.

Which method offers us greatest certainty? Which methodological features most compromise psychological certainty?

How about credibility/trustworthiness?

Triangulation? by method? by data? by researcher? by theory?

Reflexivity? Disclosure of research information and his or her relation to topic or participants

Connections with Syllabus and Papers--see all possible questions.

HMWK: Course Companion pages 7-37 and 343-377 and IB Study Guide pages 1-5 and 145-159 Open Notes Quiz next time


Day Seven-A 9/7
Essential Question:
How valid, reliable, and ethical are psychology's methods?

Review vocabulary. Discuss the pros and cons of specialized language and concepts.

different experiments (lab, field, natural), generalization (representational, inferential, theoretical), sampling (random, opportunity, convenience, self-selected, purposive, snowball, stratified), triangulation (method, data, researcher, theory), ethics, interviews (structured, unstructured, semi-structured, focus group, narrative), naturalistic observation (participant, nonparticipant, overt, covert), validity (ecological, cross cultural), reflexivity, credibility, trustworthiness, etc.

Interview Blend Discussion--create different interview questions as per different schedules. (maybe)

Sample Paper Three Packet--May 13 (adolescents internet)--one other prompt and four technical terms across all three questions

Open Notes Quiz (Course Companion pages 7-37 and 343-377 and IB Study Guide pages 1-5 and 145-159)

HMWK: Closed Notes Perspectives and Methodology Quiz on Day Ten
Day Eight-A 9/10
Essential Question: Which affords us greater truth--quantitative or qualitative data?

May 11 (befriending volunteering) in another Blend Discussion--Discuss first impressions of studies and first questions for qualitative excerpts from paper threes; then develop two more fitting questions for each, using the study guides given with all IB questions.

Consider coding. Inductive Content Analysis --reading, rereading, identifying emergent themes, structuring emergent themes, summary table of structured themes and relevant quotations that illustrate each theme

Possibly More Qualitative Study Evaluations by participant(s), researcher, design, ethics, data analysis, conclusions--Phineas Gage, David Reimer, H.M., Genie, Piaget, Ainsworth, etc.

View Quantitative versus Qualitative Methods Video. (above and on right)

Maybe start...
Kohlberg Morality (143) and Rosenhan (227) Study Details and Application of Qualitative Methodological Terminology --Read and then list 10 details and 10 DIFFERENT possible specific terms for commentary; use study guide.

Create materials (informed consent, script, questionnaire, debriefing script/form, and other stimulus material).
Ethical Review Board Preparation--You will present what you plan to replicate (journal access) and all materials--your operationalized IV and DV, sampling method, informed consent, script--what you will say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer document, debriefing form/script, and any other materials to replicate your study, etc.
IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

Maybe see biological, cognitive and socio-cultural questions and think of past references.

HMWK: Closed Notes Perspectives and Methodology Quiz on Day Ten
Day Nine-A 9/12
Essential Question: Which methodology offers us greater truth--qualitative or quantitative methods?

Finish sharing out closely evaluated studies and matching to best IB learning outcomes.

View Quantitative versus Qualitative Methods Video. (above and on right)

Finish...
Kohlberg Morality (143) and Rosenhan (227) Study Details and Application of Qualitative Methodological Terminology --Read and then list 10 details and 10 DIFFERENT possible specific terms for commentary; use study guide.

Bandura and Ross--lab experiment
Sheriff--field experiment
Charlton-natural experiment--introduction of tv on St. Helena

What do you think about the qualitative methodology?

Create materials (informed consent, script, questionnaire, debriefing script/form, and other stimulus material).
Ethical Review Board Preparation--You will present what you plan to replicate (journal access) and all materials--your operationalized IV and DV, sampling method, informed consent, script--what you will say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer document, debriefing form/script, and any other materials to replicate your study, etc.
IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

Review open notes quiz.

HMWK: Closed Notes Perspectives and Methodology Quiz on Day Ten
Day 10-A 9/17
Essential Question: Which methodology offers us greater truth--qualitative or quantitative methods?

Finish
Kohlberg Morality (143) and Rosenhan (227) Study Details and Application of Qualitative Methodological Terminology --Read and then list 10 details and 10 DIFFERENT possible specific terms for commentary; use study guide.

View qualitative and quantitative videos.

Practice qualitative questioning, transcribing, and coding into themes--childhood interviews--favorite childhood memory.

Revisit Paper Three Questions and Format.
Paper Three example (Grigoriou, 2004)--annotate qualitative excerpt for three pros and three cons; then design three best questions. See one more table of themes for youth mentoring program's observational study. more qualitative excerpt(s) to consider are : Phineas Gage case study (Course Companion 42), David Reimer case study (Course Companion 37), case study of H.M. (Study Guide 7), Rosenhan naturalistic observation (Course Companion 34, Study Guide 50), Piaget's naturalistic observation and open-ended interviews (Course Companion 186, Study Guide 68-70), Genie case study, all terminology from Course Companion 7-37 and 343-377 and Study Guide 1-5 and 145-159 (http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLlox0AyQXV0qqLXPS7lP4zoJQSX-w8by&feature=mh_lolz)

Annotate another qualitative excerpt (Swimmer Anxiety from Hanton and Jones in 1999) for good and bad participant, methodological, and ethical choices and then design best three questions from the "Qualitative Research Methodology Learning Outcomes" for this study's given details.

Childhood memory and Coding

Design your own qualitative study--hypothetical qualitative design and methodological question sheet. (maybe)

Closed Notes Methodology, CC 7-37, 343-377 and SG 1-5, 145-159 Quiz

HMWK: Methodology Test Day 12 and Ethical Review Board Day 11 and 13
Day 11-A 9/19
Essential Question: When should we pursue our psychological curiosity and with what ethical considerations?

Make experiment materials--journal report access, clear identification and operationalization of IV and DV, informed consent, script--what will you say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer form, and debriefing.

IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

maybe more sample Paper Threes and key on website for 11 and 13 Paper Threes (documents posted to my Psych HL website, too).

more qualitative excerpt(s) to consider are : Phineas Gage case study (Course Companion 42), David Reimer case study (Course Companion 37), case study of H.M. (Study Guide 7), Rosenhan naturalistic observation (Course Companion 34, Study Guide 50), Piaget's naturalistic observation and open-ended interviews (Course Companion 186, Study Guide 68-70), Genie case study, all terminology from Course Companion 7-37 and 343-377 and Study Guide 1-5 and 145-159 (http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLlox0AyQXV0qqLXPS7lP4zoJQSX-w8by&feature=mh_lolz)

HWMK: Test Day 13

Day 12-A 9/21
Essential Question: When should we pursue our psychological curiosity and with what ethical considerations?

Ethical Review Board--Present what you plan to replicate (journal access) and all materials--your operationalized IV and DV, sampling method, informed consent, script-what will you say, stimulus material/questionnaire/answer document, debriefing form/script, and any other materials to replicate your study, etc.

IA Ethical Review Board Checklist
1. Journal Report Access (20 points)
2. Clear Identification and Operationalization of IV and DV (20 points)
3. Informed Consent (20 points)
4. Script (10 points)
5. Stimulus Material/Questionnaire/Answer Form (20 points)
6. Debriefing (10 points)

Internal Assessment--Introductions, Materials, Procedures







Day 13-A 9/26
Essential Question: When should we pursue our psychological curiosity and with what ethical considerations?

Test--Qualitative and Quantitative Methodology Test--Perspectives and Qualitative and Quantitative Methodology (seven short answer questions @ ten points each and one qualitative study excerpt to evaluate as per five questions @ 30 points total--SEE the HL Psychology-Paper Three Packet in BLEND)




What are the explanations and methods of psychology, and how certain are the claims and conclusions? What brings us closer to and further from the truth of human behavior and thinking?
possible documentary: pieces of The Brain: A Secret History
http://topdocumentaryfilms.com/brain-secret-history/
Full transcript