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Transcript of J.R.R Tolkien
Tolkien and what did he do? JRR Tolkien :
An Author's Tale " In a house on a hill, there lived a writer..." The Life of JRR Tolkien Born Jan. 3, 1892 * S. Africa Age 3 - moved to England 1896 (age 4) - Father died
1900 - received into Catholic church
1904 - Mother died (diabetes)
Brought up by Priest, Father Francis Morgan R.I.P Age 7 - learned Latin and Greek * Love for languages
Excellent scholar @ young age
Invented several languages of his own Age 16 - met Edith Bratt - love
Morgan prohibited seeing until age 21
Waited faithfully - sought her out * Wed on March 22, 1916 Attended college Soon enlisted and served in WWI
Fought in Somme - active duty on Western Front Succumbed to "trench fever" - Sent home in early Nov. Trench conditions were far from sanitary and it was often a place for diseases to fester Lost many friends - very devastating
Believed to have compared "Mordor" experiences and sights of war Retired (1959) - moved to Bournemouth (England)
Died of pneumonia on September 2, 1973
“A single dream is more powerful than a thousand realities.” _____ ~~~~~~~ _______ * His Education * First attended King Edward VI - failed Oxford attempt Specialized in Old and Middle English Had love for languages Greek A n g l o S a x o n Finnish Modern-day picture Of King Edward VI school Beginning of 1911 - attended Exeter College, Oxford University Switched profession to English Literature
Often taught/helped undergraduates
In 1915 finished degree @ Oxford After war, landed position as "junior editor" for the Oxford English Dictionary 1921 - offered post @ University of Leeds - Accepted
1925 - took position as Professor of Anglo-Saxon @ Oxford University The Inklings : While in Oxford --> started writing group called "The Inklings" (Many famous authors such as CS Lewis were apart of the group) CS Lewis JRR Tolkien & "All we have to decide is what to do with the time that is given to us." -- The Author of LOTR -- True born writer from the start
Originally thought of "The Hobbit" as a child's story
1930 -> unexpected insp. to write "The Hobbit"
While grading examination paper, jotted in margins: "In a hole in the ground, there lived a Hobbit." Drew on knowledge of mythology, folk-tales, & languages - Created Middle Earth
Published - Stanley Uwin (1937)
Encouraged for sequel LOTR "grew in telling" (15 yrs)
Many things influenced - war (Mordor), Africa (spiders), & mythology (all) Deal w/ issues of how people respond to certain choices and influences of power and ego
Publishers wary (length, scope dimension) - No payment at first
Published (three parts) 1954-1955
Mixed reviews 1965 - paperback published (sales & fans crazy)
Tolkien rich & popular - did NOT like sudden popularity
Changed address, phone #, and moved
LOTR & "The Hobbit" grouped among most popular in the world (millions sold) Works Cited The End. Doughan, David. "JRR Tolkien : A Biographial Sketch." Tolkiensociety.org. 2002. The Tolkien Society. 13 May 2013 <http://www.tolkiensociety.org/tolkien/biography.html>. "John Ronald Ruel Tolkien." Biography.com. 1996-2013. The Biography Channel Website. 13 May 2013 <http://www.biography.com/people/jrr-tolkien-9508428>. "JRR Tolkien Biography." tolkien-online.com. 2007. Tolkien-Online.com. 13 May 2013 <http://www.tolkien-online.com/tolkien-biography.html>. Pettinger, Tejan. "Brieg Biography of JRR Tolkien." biographyonline.net. 12 Jan. 2007. Oxford. 13 May 2013 <http://www.biographyonline.net/writers.tolkien_jrr.html>.